Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals and minerals 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 1 (1978-1979)
Iron and steel scrap, pp. 485-501 ff. PDF (1.2 MB)
Table 1.—Salient iron and steel scrap and pig iron statistics in the United States (Thousand short tons and thousand dollars) 1978 1979 Stocks Dec. 31: Scrap at consumer plants Pigironatconsumerandsupplierplants Total Consumption: Scrap Pig iron 8,277 889 8,724 881 9,166 9,605 99,224 88,420 98,901 87,458 Exports: Scrap (excludes rerolling material and ships, boats, and othervesselsforscrapping) Value Imports for consumption: Scrap (includes tinplate and terneplate scrap) Value 9,039 $698,237 794 $50,220 11,054 $1,142,406 . 760 $70,804 485Iron and Steel Scrap By K. W. Palmer1 U.S. monthly scrap consumption and pro- Reported consumption of direct-reduced duction in 1978 followed the pattern of 1976 iron (DRI), which fell to 387,000 tons in and 1977 but at a slightly higher level. 1978, increased 79% to 693,000 tons in 1979. Thus, while total consumption in 1977 was Some of the DRI consumed in 1979 was only 92 million tons,2 in both 1978 and 1979 imported. consumption was 99 million tons. Legislation and Government Programs.—The Institute of Scrap Iron and Steel (ISIS) and the National Association of Recycling Industries (NARI) continued their efforts to obtain lower freight rates on scrap to equalize these rates with those on iron ore or agglomerates. On August 2, 1978, the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia vacated the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) decision of November 1977, which awarded a 5% increase in freight rates on scrap, and substituted a 3% increase retroactive to the date of the original increase. The refunds ordered by the Court of Appeals were under Ex Parte 319 (sub.-No. 1) and the court imposed a deadline of 6 months from October 16, 1978, for the issuance of a new decision. The ICC reopened the record on December 18, 1978, to permit the parties (the carriers, shippers, NARI, and ISIS) to submit new evidence. The ICC decision announced on April 16, 1979, agreed that scrap iron and iron ore compete and that freight rates have an effect on the movement of recyclables. As the intent of Congress had been to encourage recycling, freight rates on iron ore in the South and West were raised 35%, but this was opposed by four Southern and Western consumers of iron ore. The increase was then reduced to 11% effective September 24, 1979, and only applied to shipments of iron ore in the South and from the South to the West.
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