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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals and minerals 1977
Year 1977, Volume 1 (1977)

Singleton, Richard H.
Peat,   pp. 685-694 PDF (752.4 KB)


Page 685

 1974 1975 1976r 1977 
 102 109 102 102 
 731 772 774 781 
 706 746 731 726 
 327 332 272 325 
 379 414 459 401 
 $10,989 $12,294 $12,079 $12,520 
 $15.56 $16.49 $16.52 $17.25 
 $10.78 $12.00 $14.00 $12.22 
 $19.69 $20.09 $18.02 $21.32 
 327 290 338 330 
 1,033 1,036 1,069 1,056 
 220,509 ~22S,9S7 222,745 223,577 
  685Peat 
By Richard H. Singletonh 
United States peat production, from 102 operations, increased 1% in 1977
to about 781,000 tons. Production in Florida increased while production in
Indiana decreased. Michigan remained the top producing State with 34% of
output. The top four producing States, Michigan, Florida, Illinois, and Indiana,
accounted for 69% of production. Reed-sedge peat, the major type of peat
mined, comprised 54% of production; the remainder was humus, 21%, and moss
peat, 25%. 
Sales by domestic producers was about 726,000 tons or 1.66 million cubic
yards. About 55% of the domestic peat sold was packaged. Soil improvement
and potting soils accounted for 72% and 18%, respec 
tively, of domestic peat sales. The average 1977 price for domestic bulk
peat was $12.22 per toh or $6.07 per cubic yard. The average price for the
three types of peat varied less on a volume basis than on a weight basis.
 Peat imports, 98% premium-grade sphagnum moss peat from Canada, remained
at about 330,000 tons. Apparent consumption of peat was 1.06 million tons
with no significant change from 1976. Imports comprised 31% of apparent consumption
on a tonnage basis and 71% on a value basis. 
 Estimated world production remained at approximately 224 million tons, about
94% of which was in the U.S.S.R. Other significant producers were Ireland
and the Federal Republic of Germany. 
Table l.—Salient peat statistics 
United States: 
Numberofoperations____________________________________ 
 Production thousand short tons__ 
 Salesbyproducers do____ 
    Bulk do_ - - - 
 Packaged do_ - - - 
 Value of sales thouaands~ 
Averageperton_____________________________________ 
Average per ton—bulk________________________________ 
Average per ton—packaged orbailed______________________ 
  Imports thousand short tons__ 
  Apparentconsumption1 do____ 
World:Production do___ 
~Rev~ed. 
1Sales plus imports. 
DOMESTIC PRODUCTION 
 Michigan remained the largest of the 22 producing States with 34% of the
Nation's output. The next three largest producing States, in order of volume,
were Florida, fflinois, and Indiana. Peat production on a small scale resumed
in New Mexico after a 2-year stoppage. 
 Peat production increased 1% in 1977 to about 781,000 tons. The peat-type
breakdown was reed-sedge peat, 54%; humus, 21%; and moss peat, 25%, with
no significant change from 1976. Tonnage production in Florida, principally
moss and humus peat, increased 76%. 


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