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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Area reports: international 1972
Year 1972, Volume 3 (1972)

Petkof, Benjamin
Pakistan,   pp. 633-638 PDF (575.8 KB)

Page 633

  633The Mineral Industry of Pakistan 
By Benjamin Petkof1 
 Pakistan's minerals-based industries continued to provide only a minor component
of the country's overall economy. Partition of the country in 1971 did not
greatly reduce Pakistan's overall mineral output as Bangladesh (the former
east wing) supplied only a small portion of the country's total mineral production.
Natural gas output from the Dhulian, Man, and Sui natural gasfields comprised
the major component of the nation's minerals-based industry. Sufficient natural
gas reserves are available at these fields to maintain production in the
foreseeable future. In addition, Pakistan produced significant quantities
of minerals such as chromite, barite, clays, gypsum, rock and marine salt,
sand, stone, and lesser quantities of a few other metallic and nonmetallic
minerals. Some of these commodities have been exported in sufficient quantities
to earn vitally needed foreign exchange. However, this is offset by large
sums of foreign exchange that Pakistan has expended to import iron and steel,
crude petroleum, and partially or completely refined petroleum products.
 Pakistan Government statistical sources showed that for the fiscal year
ending June 30, 1971, the mining and quarrying 
of crude minerals provided $18.5 million 2 in current dollars to the nation's
gross national product (GNP) of $3,744 million. For the fiscal period ending
June 30, 1972, the mining and quarrying of crude minerals increased 13% to
$20.9 million, while the GNP increased 7% to $4,014 million. These data are
not comparable with those presented in previous Minerals Yearbooks because
of the removal of the contribution of the former east wing of Pakistan (Bangladesh)
and the decreased value of the Pakistani Rupee. 
 Official government data does not provide information on the value added
by the processing of both native and imported mineral commodities. However,
it must be assumed that the processing of crude minerals adds significantly
to their value. The petroleum and natural gas industry alone earns a large
amount of money for the Government from the levy of duties and other special
taxes on raw and processed fuels. In addition, the nation's use of native
fuel and minerals allows the retention of large quantities of foreign exchange
that would be required to import these commodities for domestic use. 
 Government sources reported production of a large number of mineral commodities
in Pakistan's four provinces. The following minerals were produced in appreciable
quantities during 1972: Sand and gravel, natural gas, rock and marine salt,
barite, soapstone, chromite, marble, if uorite, and sulfur. Pakistan also
continued to produce finished mineral products such as chemical 
fertilizers, chemicals, and cement. Some manufacturers of these products
consumed indigenous raw minerals. Mineral and mineral-based production not
required for domestic consumption was exported. 
 1 Physical scientist, Division of Nonmetallic Minerals—Mineral Supply.
 2Where necessary, values have been converted from Pakistani Rupees (PRs)
to U.S. dollars at the rate of PRs ll.031US$1.OO. 

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