Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Area reports: international 1972
Year 1972, Volume 3 (1972)
Pakistan, pp. 633-638 PDF (575.8 KB)
633The Mineral Industry of Pakistan By Benjamin Petkof1 Pakistan's minerals-based industries continued to provide only a minor component of the country's overall economy. Partition of the country in 1971 did not greatly reduce Pakistan's overall mineral output as Bangladesh (the former east wing) supplied only a small portion of the country's total mineral production. Natural gas output from the Dhulian, Man, and Sui natural gasfields comprised the major component of the nation's minerals-based industry. Sufficient natural gas reserves are available at these fields to maintain production in the foreseeable future. In addition, Pakistan produced significant quantities of minerals such as chromite, barite, clays, gypsum, rock and marine salt, sand, stone, and lesser quantities of a few other metallic and nonmetallic minerals. Some of these commodities have been exported in sufficient quantities to earn vitally needed foreign exchange. However, this is offset by large sums of foreign exchange that Pakistan has expended to import iron and steel, crude petroleum, and partially or completely refined petroleum products. Pakistan Government statistical sources showed that for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1971, the mining and quarrying of crude minerals provided $18.5 million 2 in current dollars to the nation's gross national product (GNP) of $3,744 million. For the fiscal period ending June 30, 1972, the mining and quarrying of crude minerals increased 13% to $20.9 million, while the GNP increased 7% to $4,014 million. These data are not comparable with those presented in previous Minerals Yearbooks because of the removal of the contribution of the former east wing of Pakistan (Bangladesh) and the decreased value of the Pakistani Rupee. Official government data does not provide information on the value added by the processing of both native and imported mineral commodities. However, it must be assumed that the processing of crude minerals adds significantly to their value. The petroleum and natural gas industry alone earns a large amount of money for the Government from the levy of duties and other special taxes on raw and processed fuels. In addition, the nation's use of native fuel and minerals allows the retention of large quantities of foreign exchange that would be required to import these commodities for domestic use. PRODUCTION Government sources reported production of a large number of mineral commodities in Pakistan's four provinces. The following minerals were produced in appreciable quantities during 1972: Sand and gravel, natural gas, rock and marine salt, barite, soapstone, chromite, marble, if uorite, and sulfur. Pakistan also continued to produce finished mineral products such as chemical fertilizers, chemicals, and cement. Some manufacturers of these products consumed indigenous raw minerals. Mineral and mineral-based production not required for domestic consumption was exported. 1 Physical scientist, Division of Nonmetallic Minerals—Mineral Supply. 2Where necessary, values have been converted from Pakistani Rupees (PRs) to U.S. dollars at the rate of PRs ll.031US$1.OO.
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