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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Area reports: domestic 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 2 (1978-1979)

Boyle, James R.; Olson, Norman K.
South Carolina,   pp. 469-476 PDF (856.4 KB)


Page 469

  469The Mineral Industry of 
South Carolina 
This chapter has been prepared under a Memorandum of Understanding between
the Bureau of Mines, U.S. Department of Interior, and the South Carolina
Geological Survey, State Division of Research and Statistical Services, for
collecting information on all nonfuel minerals. 
By James R. Boyle1 and Norman K. Olson2 
The value of nonfuel mineral production in South Carolina was $182.8 million
in 1978 and $201.7 million in 1979. Cement, stone, clays, and sand and gravel
were the major contributors to total production value. In 1978, the production
of all mineral commodities except dimension stone increased over that of
the previous year. Most commodities also increased in unit value, but notable
exceptions were manganiferous ore, peat, and fuller's earth. South Carolina
ranked second nationally in the production 
of kaolin, flake mica, and vermiculite; sixth in masonry cement; eighth in
fuller's earth; and ninth in common clay and industrial sand and gravel.
 Mineral commodities were produced in 40 of the 46 counties. Aiken County
led in the number of operating mines with 31, followed by Cherokee with 24
and Lexington with 21. 
Trends and Developments.—Alumax, Inc., a joint venture of AMAX
Inc.
and Mitsui & Co., continued construction of its 
Table 1.—Nonfuel mineral production in South Carolina' 
1977 
1978 
1979 
Mineral 
Quantity 
Value (thousands) 
Quantity 
Value (thousands) 
Quantity 
Value 
(thou 
sands) 
Cement: 
 Portland thousand short tons - 
 Masonry do~_ 
Clays2 do~Gemstones                         
W 
W 
2,172 NA 
W 
W 
$18,705 
4 
W 
w 
2,358 NA 
W 
W 
$22,538 
5 
1,831 
W 
2,272 NA 
$79,377 
w 
24,492 
5 
Manganiferous ore - - thousand short tons - 
Mica(scrap) do~Peat do~~ 
20 
43 
16 
W 589 W 
22 
49 
16 
w 
782 W 
26 
47 
W 
w 
770 
w 
Sandandgravel do~~Stone: 
7,766 
19,281 
8,344 
22,530 
8,321 
26,665 
Crushed do..~Dimension do_~ 
14,772 
13 
36,043 
627 
16,997 
10 
44,237 
567 
16,589 
9 
48,352 
482 
Combined value of clays (fuller's earth), vermiculite, and values indicated
by symbol w - 
Total                          
XX 
68,952 
XX 
92,142 
XX 
21,568 
XX 
144,201 
XX 
182,801 
XX 
201,711 
 NA Not available. W Withheld to avoid disclosing company proprietary data
value included in "Combined value" figure. XX Not applicable. 
 ' Production as measured by mine shipments, sales,or marketable production
(including consumption by producer~). 
 2Excludes fuller's earth; value included in "Combined value" figure.


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