Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Area reports: domestic 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 2 (1978-1979)
White, Doss H., Jr.; Ratté, Charles A.
Vermont, pp. 535-541 ff. PDF (724.4 KB)
535The Mineral Industry of Vermont This chapter has been prepared under a Memorandum of Understanding between the Bureau of Mines, U.S. Department of the Interior, and the Office of the State Geologist, Agency of Environmental Conservation, for collecting information on all nonfuel minerals. By Doss H. White, Jr.' and Charles A. Ratté2 Nonfuel mineral production in 1978 and 1979 added $47.8 million and $54.1 million, respectively, to the economy of Vermont. The State led the Nation in the production of talc, and ranked second in asbestos, dimension granite, dimension marble, and dimension slate. Mineral production was reported from all 14 counties. Dimension stone, crushed stone, and sand and gravel accounted for over 80% of mineral value during the biennium. Trends and Developments.—Approximately 7% of the State's industrial workers were engaged in mineral extraction or in an industry relying heavily on mineral raw materials. However, in specific localities, employment in mineral production or proc essing was significant. In Barre, Washington County, 80% of the manufacturing firms produced stone (primarily granite monuments), clay, or glass products, and in Rutland County almost 20% of all firms mined, processed, or finished slate or marble. Granite working and finishing accounted for approximately 50% of manufacturing in Washington County. Legislation and Government Programs.—A bill introduced by the Vermont Legislature, H.327, would require an Act 250 (Vermont's Development Control Law) permit for mineral prospecting and exploration beyond the reconnaissance level. The bill was the culmination of a West German firm's efforts to explore for, and possibly Table 1.—Nonfuel mineral production in Vermont' 1977 1978 1979 Mineral Quantity Value (thousands) Quantity Value (thousands) Quantity Value (thousands) Sand and gravel_ — — thousand short thns — Stone: CrushecL do~~ Dimension do_~Talc do~ Combined value of other nonmetals Total 3,405 2,123 121 310 XX $5,837 12,635 14,561 2,006 6,415 3,726 1,971 137 315 XX $6,425 13,178 17,681 2,238 8,311 3,660 2,077 180 346 XX $6,240 13,927 23,006 2,755 8,208 XX 41,454 XX 47,833 XX 54,136 XX Not applicable. ' Production as measured by mine shipments, sales, or marketable production (including consumption by producers).
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