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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals and minerals 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 1 (1978-1979)

Tepordei, Valentin V.
Sand and gravel,   pp. 763-791 ff. PDF (2.1 MB)


Page 763

Table 1.—Salient sand and gravel statistics in the United States'
(Thousand short tons and thousand dollars) 
1975 
1976 
1977 
1978 
1979 
Sold or used: 
Construction: 
Processed: 
Sand: 
Quantity                       Value                          
Gravel: 
265,404 
448,583 
418,495 
654,389 
439,400 
848,200 
489,800 
989,200 
455,000 
974,100 
Quantity                        
Value                          
Unprocessed: 
Sand and gravel: 
Quantity                        
353,652 
634,931 
143,097 
436,747 
949,405 
(2) 
458,400 
968,700 
(2) 
473,500 
1,064,000 
(2) 
490,500 
1,170,000 
(2) 
Value                          
Total construction:3 
106,827 
(2) 
(2) 
(2) 
(2) 
Quantity                        
Value                          
Industrial: 
762,153 
1,190,341 
855,242 
1,603,974 
897,900 
1,817,000 
963,300 
2,053,000 
945,500 
2,144,000 
Sand: 
Quantity                          
Value                            
Gravel: 
26,723 
146,982 
29,669 
169,127 
29,610 
201,900 
31,810 
234,200 
32,120 
275,200 
Quantity                          
Value                            
Total industrial:3 
560 
2,996 
245 
1,109 
1,745 
8,704 
1,041 
5,554 
1,391 
8,574 
Quantity                       Value                          
Grand total:3 
27,283 
149,978 
29,914 
170,236 
31,360 
210,600 
32,850 
248,800 
33,510 
283,800 
Quantity                       Value                          
Exports: 
Quantity                                
Value                                  
Imports: 
Quantity                                
Value                                  
789,436 
1,340,319 
3,219 
15,047 
374 
777 
885,156 
1,774,030 
3,692 
19,516 
353 
909 
929,200 
2,028,000 
3,689 
21,515 
386 
1,278 
996,200 
2,302,000 
4,260 
29,270 
625 
2,084 
979,000 
2,427,000 
2,076 
32,440 
423 
1,179 
1Puerto Rico excluded from all sand and gravel statistics. 
2Proc~J and unprocessed are no longer separated. 
3Data may not add to totals shown because of independent rounding. 
763 
Sand and Gravel 
By Valentin V. Tepordei1 
 A total of 996 million tons of sand and gravel was reported produced in
the United States in 1978 with a value of $2.30 billion. This tonnage is
the highest ever reported, 1% above the previous record production of 
1973, and 7% above that of 1977. In 1979, production decreased to 979 million
tons, 2% below the 1978 record. Value of 1979 production was a record $2.43
billion. Of 
these totals, 97% was construction sand and gravel and 3% was industrial
sand and gravel for both years. 
 Production of construction sand and grayelincreased 7% in 1978 but, then,
decreased by 2% in 1979. Production of industrial sand and gravel increased
5% in 1978 .and again increased another 2% in 1979. Exports of sand and gravel
in 1978 increased 


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