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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals and minerals 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 1 (1978-1979)

Singleton, Richard H.; Searls, James P.
Peat,   pp. 655-669 ff. PDF (1.1 MB)


Page 655

  655Peat 
By Richard H. Singleton and James P. Searlsl 
 U.S. peat production increased 5% in 1978 to about 822,000 tons but stayed
essentially level in 1979 at about 825,000 tons.2 There were 100 active peat
operations in 1978 and 97 in 1979. Producers' stocks, first reported in 1978,
were 394,000 tons in 1978 and 350,000 tons in 1979. Michigan was the highest
peat-producing State, with about 28% of total peat production in 1978 and
31% of total production in 1979. Michigan's peat production declined 13%
in 1978 but increased 17% in 1979. Michigan, Florida, Illinois, Indiana,
and New York were, in that order, the top peat-producing States and, combined,
accounted for 76% of U.S. production in 1978 and 77% in 1979. Reedsedge peat
was 57% of total peat production in 1978 and 59% in 1979. Other peat types
produced in 1978 were humus (24%), hypnum moss (5%), sphagnum moss (2%),
and other unclassified types of peat (13%). Other peat types produced in
1979 were humus (23%), hypnum moss (3%), sphagnum moss (2%), and other unclassified
types of peat 
(13%). 
 Domestic peat sales by domestic producers increased 3% to 750,000 tons in
1978 and 
6% to 798,000 tons in 1979. About 56% of domestic peat sold in 1978 was packaged,
and about 57% in 1979 was packaged. General soil improvement, potting soils,
and nursery applications accounted for 59%, 19%, and 9%, respectively, in
1978, and 
49%, 26%, and 8%, respectively, in 1979. The average apparent 1978 peat price
was $17.32 per ton f.o.b. mine, an insignificant change from that of 1977.
The average apparent 1979 price was $19.44 per ton f.o.b. mine, a 12% increase
from that of 1978. In 1978, the decrease in packaged peat prices were offset
by the increase in bulk price. In 1979, both packaged and bulk prices increased.
 Peat imports, 97% of which were premium-grade sphagnum moss peat from Canada,
increased 15% to 0.38 million tons in 1978 and stayed at this level in 1979.
Apparent consumption of peat increased 7% to 1.13 million tons in 1978 and
another 4% to 
1.18 million tons in 1979. Imports contributed about 34% of apparent consumption
tonnage and 74% of apparent consumption in 1978. In 1979, imports contributed
about 32% of apparent consumption tonnage, 
Table 1.—Salient peat statistics 
1976 
1977 
1978 
1979 
United States: 
Numberofactive operations                                 
Production thousand short tons 
102 
774 
102 
781 
100 
822 
97 
825 
Sales by producers do~.. 
 Bulk do~ 
731 
272 
726 
325 
750 
328 
798 
324 
    Packaged do~ Value of sales thousands~    Averageperton             
                            Averageperton—bulk                
                Averageperton—packagedorbaled                 
  Imports thousand short tons~ Apparentconsumption' do~. Yearendproducers'stocks
do~_ 
World:Production do 
459 
$12,079 
16.52 
14.00 
18.02 
338 
1,069 
NA 
223,000 
401 
$12,520 
17.25 
12.22 
21.32 
330 
1,056 
NA 
r223,000 
422 
$12,988 
17.32 
13.98 
19.92 
380 
1,130 
394 
224,000 
474 
$15,517 
19.44 
15.05 
22.46 
381 
1,179 
350 
222,000 
TSaVj~j NA Not available. 
' Sales plus imports. 


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