Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals and minerals 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 1 (1978-1979)
Matthews, Norman A.; Morning, John L.
Chromium, pp. 193-205 ff. PDF (1.4 MB)
193Chromium By Norman A. Matthews1 and John L. Morning1 Chromite consumption increased substantially in 1979 compared with that of 1978 and 1977 and reached the highest level since 1974. The consumption increase paralleled an increase in domestic ferrochromium production and a decline in ferrochromium imports. World chromite production peaked in 1977 and declined slightly in 1978 and 1979. Apparent total domestic demand, including secondary chromium from scrap, was 600,000 short tons in 1979, second only to that of 1974. Although complete statistics are not available, it is probable that world demand for chromium was at a record high in 1979 based upon U.S. consumption and reported demand growth in Western Europe and Japan. Table 1.—Salient chromite statistics (Thousand short tons) 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 United States: Exports Reexports Imports for consumption Consumption Stocks, Dec. 31: Consumer world:preduction 139 45 1,252 881 952 9,136 124 85 1,275 1,006 1,009 r9,372 187 61 1,293 1,000 1,338 r10172 23 29 1,013 1,010 1,301 9,920 27 28 1,024 1,209 907 10,498 r~ Legislation and Government Programs.—Congress requested a reinvestigation of alleged injury to the domestic ferroalloy industry caused by imports of high-carbon ferrochromium at low prices. The International Trade Commission initiated the investigation in June 1978 and recommended protection for the industry by quotas or additional duties. Presidential Proclamation 4608, dated November 15, 1978, authorized by the Trade Act of 1974, provided a temporary duty increase of 4 cents per pound of chromium content on all material imported at exit port prices less than 38 cents per pound. The proclamation will expire on or before November 15, 1981. In response to a petition by the U.S. Ferroalloy Association in December 1978, the U.S. Department of the Treasury made its final determination in the case of subsi dized imports of ferroalloys from Spain and imposed countervailing duties of 2.4% to 3.36%, with the latter figure applying to high-carbon ferrochromium, effective January 1, 1980. The stockpile policy bill, Public Law 9641, Strategic and Critical Materials Stockpiling Revision Act of 1979, was signed into law on July 30, 1979. It provides for the procurement of materials not up to goals as funds accumulate from the sales of excess materials. The inventory levels of most chromium materials in the national stockpile are close to the current goals. U.S. Government stockpile goals and inventories of chromium stockpile materials are shown in table 2. The United States and the United Nations removed economic sanctions on products from Zimbabwe-Rhodesia in December
http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/NoC-US/1.0/| As a work of the United States government, this material is in the public domain.| For information on re-use see: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright