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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals and minerals 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 1 (1978-1979)

Lynd, Langtry E.; Hough, Ruth A.
Titanium,   pp. 933-947 ff. PDF (1.7 MB)


Page 933

  933Titanium 
By Langtry E. Lynd1 and Ruth A. Hough2 
 The years 1978 and 1979 were outstanding ones for titanium, with U.S. mill
product shipments reaéhing a new record each year. In 1979, the
sponge
metal production rate was approaching estimated industry capacity of about
23,000 tons per year.3 The main factor in the strong market for titanium
metal was the greatly increased rate of orders for commercial airliners.
Demand was such that lead times for mill product deliveries rose to 70-80
weeks or more, compared with 12-24 weeks in 1977. Domestic production and
consumption of titanium dioxide pigment products increased moderately in
both 1978 and 1979. Production of ilmenite and rutile decreased considerably
in 1978, mainly because of mine shutdowns at Lakehurst, N.J., and Green Cove
Springs, 
Fla. However, ilmenite production rebounded in 1979 to about the 1977 level,
despite the November 1979 closure of a mine at Boulougne, Fla. 
 Prices for titanium mineral concentrates except ilmenite, and for titanium
products increased in 1978 and 1979, especially those for rutile concentrate,
titanium pigment, and sponge metal, which rose about 60%, 20%, and 35%, respectively.
 Legislation and Government Programs.—The Government stockpile
goal
for titanium sponge metal remained at 131,503 tons during 1978 and 1979.
The quantity of specification titanium sponge metal in the Government stockpile
in December 1979 was 21,465 tons. In addition, there was 10,866 tons of nonspecification
material. 
Table L—Salient titanium statistics 
1975 
1976 
1977 
1978 
1979 
United States: 
Ilmenite concentrate: 
. 
Mine shipments short tons. —Value thousands. — 
702,252 
$26,946 
617,896 
$27,578 
542,333 r$25,201 
580,878 
$25,628 
646,399 
$32,965 
 Imports short tons — Consumption_. do — 
Titanium slag: 
 Imports do~ Consumption dp — 
Rutile concentrate, natural and synthetic: 
   Imports do.   Consumption.. do. —Sponge metal:   Imports for
consumption
do. —   Consumption_ do~   Price, Dec. 31, per pound          
Titanium
dioxide pigments:   Production short tons. —   Imports for consumption
do.. —   Apparent consumption.. do.. — 
Pice, Dec. 31, cents per pound: 
Anatase                     
122,010 
747,821 
212,682 
147,965 
224,499 
231,430 
4,190 
17,626 
$2.70 
603,429 
25,918 
595,516 
38.5 
168,402 
822,259 
171,624 
203,964 
281,712 
237,718 
1,778 
13,315 
$2.70 
712,940 
68,497 
753,947 
41.0 
334,990 
866,504 
150,564 
149,454 
123,800 
185,419 
2,387 
16,236 
$2.98 
687,103 
114,810 
785,003 
43.5 
308,671 
792,289 
149,172 
128,826 
289,617 
263,184 
1,476 
19,854 
$3.28 
700,755 
117,708 
801,728 
46.0 
184,478 
791,063 
111,210 
144,708 
283,479 
313,761 
2,488 
23,987 
$3.98 
724,887 
104,968 
810,218 
53.0 
Rutile                      
43.5 
46.5 
48.5 
51.0 
59.0 
world production: 
 Ilmenite concentrate short tons. — Titanium slag do.. —
Rutile
concentrate, natural do.. — 
3,194,028 
831,505 
' 421,532 
r349()031 
r901,193 
ri444,800 
r3,653,264 
r764 514 
ri380833 
P3,861,397 
P1,037193 
P1331,951 
c3,548,714 e856,040 
ei398,173 
 eExtimate ~Preliminary. TRevised. 
' Excludes U.S. production data to avoid disclosing company proprietary data.


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