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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals and minerals 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 1 (1978-1979)

Pressler, J. W.
Lime,   pp. 539-549 ff. PDF (1.5 MB)


Page 539

  539Lime 
By J. W. Pressler1 
 Lime output in 1978, including that for Puerto Rico, increased 2% to 20.4
million tons, and continued with a 2% increase in 1979 to 21 million tons.
Total value established new annual records, increasing 12% in 1978 to $753
million, and 15% in 1979 to $866 million. 
 In 1978, output of agricultural lime and 
construction lime decreased 14% and 6%, respectively, while output of chemical
and industrial lime and refractory lime increased 3% and 5%, respectively.
In 1979, output of agricultural and refractory lime decreased 9% and 22%,
respectively, while construction lime and chemical and industrial lime increased
7% and 4%, respectively. 
Table 1.—Salient lime statistics in the United Statesl 
(Thousand short tons and thousand dollars) 
1975 
1976 
1977 
1978 
1979 
Numberofplants                                
Sold or used by producers: 
Quicklime                                  flydratedlime                
              Dead-burned dolomite                          
Total                                   
Value2                                  
 Averagevalue perton  Liinesold                                   
171 
163 
161 
155 
154 
15,875 
2,344 
914 
16,924 
2,298 
1,007 
16,281 
2,698 
968 
16,845 
2,582 
1,016 
17,553 
2,599 
793 
19,133 
$523,805 
$27.38 
12,840 
20,229 
$609,010 
$30.11 
14,024 
19,947 
$666,472 
$33.41 
14,202 
20,443 
$749,667 
$36.67 
15,062 
20,945 
$862,459 
$41.18 
15,423 
LimeusecL                                  
Exports'                                      
Importsforconsumption3                          
6,292 
54 
259 
6,205 
56 
365 
5,745 
33 
423 
5,381 
45 
610 
5,522 
45 
640 
' Excludes regenerated lime. Excludes Puerto Rico. ' Selling value, fob.
plant, excluding cost of containers. ' Bureau of the Census. 
DOMESTIC PRODUCTION 
 Lime producers sold or used 21 million tons in 1979, compared with 20 million
tons in 1977. Commercial sales of lime increased 6% in 1978 to 15.1 million
tons, and 2% in 
1979 to 15.5 million tons. Captive lime used by producers continued its long-term
decline, with a 6% reduction in 1978 to 5.4 million tons, but increased 3%
in 1979 to 5.5 million tons. This was a 24% decrease from the record year
of 1971. 
 For the 2-year period 1978-79, output of quicklime increased 6% to 18.3
million tons. Production of hydrated lime decreased 4% 
to 2.6 million tons. Output of dead-burned dolomite decreased 18%, 67% below
the 1956 record level of 2.4 million tons. 
 In 1979, six States—Ohio, Pennsylvania, Missouri, Texas, Alabama,
and Michigan— accounted for 53% of the total output. Compared with
1977, production increased 11% in Alabama, 7% in Pennsylvania, 6% in Ohio,
4% in Missouri, and decreased 22% in Michigan and 6% in Texas. 
 Leading producing companies in 1979 were Marblehead Lime Co. with two plants
in Illinois and one each in Indiana, Mich 


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