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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals and minerals 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 1 (1978-1979)

Taylor, Harold A., Jr.
Graphite,   pp. 401-409 ff. PDF (900.6 KB)


Page 401

  401Graphite 
By Harold A. Taylor, Jr.1 
 Natural crystalline flake graphite was in short supply in 1978-79. Prices
of imported flake graphite increased significantly in both years. Supplies
of Mexican amorphous graphite remained sufficient, and substitution of it
for scarcer crystalline flake appears to have been moderately successful.
Domestic production of natural graphite increased in 1978 in both quantity
and value from the 1977 level, and then decreased in 1979 from that of 1978,
but quantitative data are not released for publication. 
Production will be impacted by the closing in late 1979 of the only domestic
mine. 
 Production of manufactured graphite in 
1978 increased 13% in quantity over that of 
1977, and production in 1979 increased 9% 
over that of 1978. 
 Imports of natural crystalline and amorphous graphite in 1978 were up 15%
in quantity over the 1977 level, but decreased 8% in 1979 from the 1978 level.
Table 1..—Salient natural graphite statistics 
1975 
1976 
1977 
1978 
1979 
United States: 
  Apparent consumption' short ton&.  Exports do..___     Value thousands_
 Imports for consumption' short tons_ -     Value thousands._World: Production
short tons~ 
255,077 
10,586 
$1,890 
65,663 
$5,698 
497,500 
266,862 
12,236 
$2,388 
79,098 
$6,753 
T507216 
273,773 
13,783 
$2,662 
87,556 
$8,058 
r557,544 
90,396 
9,595 
$2,304 
99,991 
$11,700 
589,270 
77,562 
8,623 
$3,741 
86,185 
$13,035 
576,680 
' Rev~ed. 
' Excludes domestic production. 
2Revised to include some manufactured graphite imported for consumption.
' Includes some manufactured graphite; see table 6. 
Legislation and Government Pro. 
grams.—National stockpile goals for strategic graphite, proposed
in
1976 and reaffirmed in 1977 by the Federal Preparedness Agency of the General
Services Administration, remained unchanged in 1978-79. Stockpile goals and
inventories for each type of 
graphite are shown in table 2. There were no acquisitions or disposals of
strategic graphite in 1978 or 1979. 
 The 3-year trial suspension on the import duty for natural crystalline graphite
was e~tended until the end of June 1981. 


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