University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Ecology and Natural Resources Collection

Page View

Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals and minerals 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 1 (1978-1979)

Morgan, George A.
Vanadium,   pp. 969-975 ff. PDF (668.2 KB)


Page 969

  969Vanadium 
By George A. Morgan1 
 After declining in 1978, domestic vanadium output returned to more normal
levels in 1979. Production ceased in Arkansas for most of 1978, but was reactivated
in December of that year. World output increased in 
1978-79. Excess vanadium stocks, which overhung the domestic market in 1977
and throughout most of 1978, were eliminated. Consumption and prices of vanadium
both increased in 1979 as demand was up in the iron, steel, and aerospace
industries. U.S. exports of ferrovanadium, vanadium ore and concentrate,
and vanadium pentoxide declined considerably from 
those of 1978, while imports of ferrovanadium and vanadium pentoxide were
up substantially. 
 Legislation and Government Pro. grams.—Stockpile goals of 2,576
tons
of vanadium contained in vanadium pentoxide and 10,095 tons of vanadium contained
in ferrovanadium remained in effect for 197879. These goals were established
October 1, 1976, by the General Services Administration. As of December 31,
1979, U.S. Government inventory of vanadium was 540 tons contained vanadium
in the form of vanadium pentoxide. 
Table 1.—Salient vanadium statistics 
(Short tons of contained vanadium unless otherwise specified) 
, 
1975 
1976 
1977 
1978 
1979 
United States: 
Production: 
Ore and concentrate: 
 Recoverablevanadium'  4,743 Value (thousand dollars)  $49,329 
    Vanadiumoxidesrecovered2  4,859 Consumption_  5,501 Exports    Ferrovanadium
(gross weight)  1,018 
    Oreandconcentrates 1    Vanadium pentoxide, anhydride (gross weight)
~ 215    Othercompounds(grossweight) ) Imports (general):    Ferrovanadium(grossweight)
 179    Ores,slags,residues  2,895 
 Vanadiumpentoxide,anhydride 1,275 
Worldproduction 28,471 
 7,376 
$81,279 
 6,197 
 4,720 
 1,210 
99 
433 
 2,998 
 668 
p31,209 
 6,504 
$74,488 
 5,208 
 5,261 
 658 
 192 
 558 
 2,812 
 444 
33;313 
 4,272 
$56,776 
 5,204 
 6,630 
 1,309 
( 191 
~ 1,239 
 291 
 535 
 2,234 
 656 
34,219 
 5,520 
$73,892 
 5,758 
 6,719 
880 
101 
630 
316 
738 
 2,442 
 907 
e41,420 
 e~imate TRevised 
 ' Recoverable vanadium contained in uranium and vanadium ores and concentrates
received at mills, plus vanadium recovered from ferrophosphorus derived from
domestic phosphate rock. 
 2Produced directly from all domestic sources and includes metavanadates.


Go up to Top of Page