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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals and minerals 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 1 (1978-1979)

Petkof, Benjamin
Beryllium,   pp. 111-114 PDF (464.0 KB)


Page 111

Beryllium 
By Benjamin Petkof' 
 During 1978 and 1979 low grade bertran mineral supply Only a minor quantity
of dite ore, mined in Utah, was the only beryl was produced domestically.
Consumpcommercial source of industrial quantities tion and imports of beryllium
ore increased, of domestic beryllium minerals and was a and exports of beryllium
materials decreassigrnficant fraction of the world beryllium ed 
Table 1 —Salient beryllium mineral statistics 
1975 
1976 
1977 
1978 
1979 
United States: 
Beryllium mineral concentrates: 
 Shipped from mines1 short tons - 
   Imports do~   Consumption' do~   Price, approximate, per unit BeO, imported
    cobbedberyiatportofexportation                  Yearendstocks' short
tons~woridpraluctionofberyi do..~ 
w 
1,479 
4,850 
$32 
3,546 
3,290 
W 
1,058 
3,740 
$36 
3,957 r2,553 
w 
746 
4,165 
$40 
3,557 r2,748 
w 
1,031 
5,916 
$43 
1,346 
3,094 
w 
1,037 
9,518 
$47 
835 
3,082 
rBeV,5ed w withheld to avoid disclosing company proprietary data. 
' Includes bertrandite ore, which was calculated as equivalent to beryi containing
11% BeO. 
 Legislation and Government Programs.—Strategic stockpile goals
issued
on October 1, 1976 by the Federal Preparedness Agency of the General Services
Administration remained unchanged during 197879. No beryllium materials were
released from the strategic stockpiles during both 
years. 
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), U.S. Department
of Labor, did not finalize its proposed beryllium occupational and health
standards, as published in the Federal Register, October 
17, 1975. 
DOMESTIC PRODUCTION 
Brush Wellman, Inc. (Brush) was the only major commercial domestic producer
of beryllium concentrates in 1978-79. Brush mined low-grade bertrandite ore
at its Spor Mountain, Utah, operation for processing into beryllium hydroxide.
Reported production of beryl was minor in both years. 
Brush converted its ore to beryllium hydroxide at a facility north of Delta,
Utah, and shipped the hydroxide to its Elmore, Ohio, facility and elsewhere
for conversion into various beryllium products. Brush also had the capability
to convert imported beryl to beryllium hydroxide at Delta, Utah. In October
1979, Brush announced plans to increase the capacity of its Delta, Utah,
facility to process bertrandite ore. Kawecki-Berylcc~ Industries, Inc. (KBI)
became a wholly owned subsidiary, of the Cabot Corp. in May 1978. KBI produced
beryllium metal, alloys, and oxide at its plants in Hazleton and Reading,
Pa., from imported ore that was converted to beryllium hydroxide. In 1979,
KBI announced that effective October 1, 1979, the company would produce only
beryllium-copper alloy and cease the production of beryllium metal. 
Domestic production of beryllium metal, beryllium oxide, and beryllium-copper
master alloy in 1978-79 increased over that of 
 1977. 111 


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