Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals and minerals 1977
Year 1977, Volume 1 (1977)
Foster, Russell J.
Bromine, pp. 201-206 PDF (618.2 KB)
201Bromine By Russell J. Foster1 Domestic producers sold or used nearly 434 million pounds of elemental bromine in 1977, a decrease of 6% from that of 1976. Demand for the industry's primary product, ethylene dibromide, as a leaded-gasoline additive was down, but sales of the compound for agricultural use improved. Consumption of other bromine-containing compounds declined. The total value of bromine and bromine compounds sold by producers was $203 million. Bromine capacity in Arkansas continued to grow as a producer completed an expansion of its bromine production facilities. Several Federal agencies were evaluating some bromine compounds that could possibly. be hazardous to consumers and workers. DOMESTIC PRODUCTION The amount of elemental bromine sold or used by domestic producers in 1977 declined 6% to 434 million pounds. Sales of bromine compounds by producers were down 7%. Producers' sales of methyl bromide rose 6%, but the quantities of ethylene dibromide and other bromine compounds sold decreased 6% and 10%, respectively. The total value of elemental bromine and bromine compounds sold dropped $13 million. The unit value of elemental bromine declined, but the average price of manufactured compounds was essentially unchanged. Six companies operated nine bromineproducing plants in two States, Arkansas and Michigan. Three of these companies combined sold or used 88% of the U.S. total. The Governor's Brine Study Commission in Arkansas proposed legislation covering unitization and royalty payments. The bill was referred to a joint interim committee of the Arkansas legislature. Great Lakes Chemical Corp. brought additional brine production and bromine extraction facilities onstream at Marysville, Ark., and acquired Drug Research, Inc., a Michigan-based firm which produces brominated chemicals primarily for swimming pool sanitation. Great Lakes' new research and development laboratories were completed at West Lafayette, Ind.2 Emery Industries, Inc., signed an agreement with Dead Sea Bromine Co., Ltd., of Israel to market certain nonagricultural bromine compounds in the United States. A jointly owned U.S. plant for the manufacture of bromine derivatives is being considered. Dead Sea Bromine will continue to market some bromine products in the United States through its subsidiary, Ameribrom.~
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