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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals and minerals 1977
Year 1977, Volume 1 (1977)

Foster, Russell J.
Bromine,   pp. 201-206 PDF (618.2 KB)


Page 201

  201Bromine 
By Russell J. Foster1 
 Domestic producers sold or used nearly 434 million pounds of elemental bromine
in 
1977, a decrease of 6% from that of 1976. Demand for the industry's primary
product, ethylene dibromide, as a leaded-gasoline additive was down, but
sales of the compound for agricultural use improved. Consumption of other
bromine-containing compounds declined. The total value of bromine 
and bromine compounds sold by producers was $203 million. 
 Bromine capacity in Arkansas continued to grow as a producer completed an
expansion of its bromine production facilities. Several Federal agencies
were evaluating some bromine compounds that could possibly. be hazardous
to consumers and workers. 
DOMESTIC PRODUCTION 
 The amount of elemental bromine sold or used by domestic producers in 1977
declined 6% to 434 million pounds. Sales of bromine compounds by producers
were down 7%. Producers' sales of methyl bromide rose 6%, but the quantities
of ethylene dibromide and other bromine compounds sold decreased 6% and 10%,
respectively. The total value of elemental bromine and bromine compounds
sold dropped $13 million. The unit value of elemental bromine declined, but
the average price of manufactured compounds was essentially unchanged. 
 Six companies operated nine bromineproducing plants in two States, Arkansas
and Michigan. Three of these companies combined sold or used 88% of the U.S.
total. 
 The Governor's Brine Study Commission in Arkansas proposed legislation covering
unitization and royalty payments. The bill was referred to a joint interim
committee of 
the Arkansas legislature. 
 Great Lakes Chemical Corp. brought additional brine production and bromine
extraction facilities onstream at Marysville, Ark., and acquired Drug Research,
Inc., a Michigan-based firm which produces brominated chemicals primarily
for swimming pool sanitation. Great Lakes' new research and development laboratories
were completed at West Lafayette, Ind.2 
 Emery Industries, Inc., signed an agreement with Dead Sea Bromine Co., Ltd.,
of Israel to market certain nonagricultural bromine compounds in the United
States. A jointly owned U.S. plant for the manufacture of bromine derivatives
is being considered. Dead Sea Bromine will continue to market some bromine
products in the United States through its subsidiary, Ameribrom.~ 


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