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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals and minerals 1977
Year 1977, Volume 1 (1977)

Lynd, Langtry E.
Titanium,   pp. 947-960 PDF (1.7 MB)


Page 947

  947Titanium 
By Langtry E. Lynd1 
 U.S. production of titanium sponge metal in 1977 was 43% higher than in
1976. Consumption of sponge metal was 16,236 tons, up 22% from that of 1976.
Ingot production and consumption were 26,302 and 25,214 tons, respectively,
in 1977, or 22% and 20% higher than in 1976. Sponge inventories decreased
slightly from 3,617 tons to 3,546 tons, and scrap metal consumption increased
from 9,211 tons in 1976 to 10,889 tons in 1977. Production of titanium dioxide
pigment,was about 687,000 tons, 4% lower than in 1976. Pigment imports increased
from about 68,000 tons in 1976 to about 115,000 tons. 
 Domestic ilmenite production declined during 1977 for the fourth consecutive
year to 638,503 tons, down 2% from that of 1976. Imports of ilmenite nearly
doubled, and those of rutile decreased correspondingly as Kerr-McGee Chemical
Corp. switched from using natural rutile to manufacturing synthetic rutile
from imported ilmenite. 
Imports of titanium slag decreased 12% in 
1977. 
 The main price changes during 1977 were as follows: A decrease in the price
of rutile from $A220-$A230 to $A180-$A190 per metric ton ($1854195 per short
ton) f.o.b. Australian ports; an increase in the price of QIT slag to $102.50
per long ton f.o.b. Sorel, Quebec; a 2-cent-per-pound increase in the price
of titanium dioxide pigments to 48.5 cents per pound for most rutile grades
and 43.5 cents per pound for paper-grade anatase; and an increase in the
price of domestic sponge from about $2.75 to $2.98 per pound. 
 Legislation and Government Programs.—The Government stockpile
goal
for titanium sponge metal remained at 131,503 tons during 1977. The quantity
of specification titanium sponge metal in the Government stockpile in December
1977 was 27,853 tons. In addition, there was 4,476 tons of nonspecification
material. 
Table 1.—Salient titanium statistics 
1973 
1974 
1975 
1976 
1977 
United States: 
Ihnenite concentrate: 
 Mine shipments .short tons. - Value thousands... Imports .short tons.. —
Consumption do. — 
Titanium slag 
 Imports do.. Consumption do. - 
Rutile concentrate, natural and 
804,355 
$20,128 
69,641 
807,733 
237,248 
281,791 
755,338 
$22,715 
82,448 
851,977 
236,272 
257,125 
702,252 
$26,946 
122,010 
747,821 
212,682 
147,965 
617,896 
$27,578 
168,402 
822,259 
171,624 
203,964 
542,333 
$25,200 
334,990 
866,504 
150,564 
149,454 
synthetic: 
 Imports do.. 
 Consumption do. - 
Sponge metal: 
 Imports for consumption do. - Consumption do.. 
 Price, Dec. 31, per pound         world production: 
flmenite concentrate - ... .short tons.. 
 Titaniumsiag do.. Rutile concentrate, natural do.. 
226,860 
276,907 
5,172 
20,173 
$1.42 
2,983,123 
947,394 
385284 
246,489 
292,661 
6,963 
26,896 
$2.25 
3,518,640 
936,023 
397,765 
224,499 
231,430 
4,190 
17,626 
$2.70 
T3 194,028 831,505 
r 1421,532 
281,712 
237,718 
1,778 
13,315 
$2.70 
T3 526,256 ~911,044 
T 1471,478 
123,800 
185,419 
2,387 
16,236 
$2.98 
3,722,628 
785,096 
1395,502 
!Revised: 
' Excludes U.S. production data in order to avoid disclosing individual company
confidential data. 


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