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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)

Taylor, Harold A., Jr.
Vanadium,   pp. 1287-1294 PDF (779.9 KB)


Page 1287

  1287Vanadium 
By Harold A. Taylor, Jr.1 
 Domestic demand for vanadium was still weak in 1972, compared to the high
of 1969, although it was stronger than last year. Overseas demand was also
weak but becoming stronger. Domestic production, expressed as vanadium pentoxide
recovered, did not change significantly from last year because the production
decrease resulting from the shutdown of the Rifle mill was balanced by increases
in output at other facilities. Exports of both ferrovanadium and vanadium
ores and oxides were much smaller than in 1971, while imports of ferrovanadium
were much larger. The Government sold all of its surplus vanadium pentoxide
in May. 
 Legislation and Government Programs. 
—The General Services Administration (GSA) sold all its excess vanadium
pentoxide, 5.6 million pounds, to three metal trading firms in May. A condition
of sale was that the material could not be sold abroad as vanadium pentoxide.
It must be converted to another vanadium product in this country in the event
of export. The material sold consisted of 87 lots, the vanadium pentoxide
contents of which ranged between 85% and 90%. 
 As of December 31, 1972, the Government had an inventory of 2,800 short
tons of vanadium, the entire quantity in the national stockpile. Of this
total, 1,200 tons was held as ferrovanadium and 1,600 tons was held as vanadium
pentoxide. 
Table 1.—Salient vanadium statistics 
(Short tons of contained vanadium) 
1968 
1969 
1970 
1971 
1972 
United States: 
Production: 
Ore and concentrate: 
Recoverable vanadium '            
 Value thousands.. 
 Vanadium pentoxide recovered        Consumption                        
Exports: 
Ferrovanadium and other vanadium alloying materials (gross weight)      
Vanadium ores, concentrates, oxides, and vanadates                    
6,483 
$23,143 
6,149 
5,495 
278 
463 
5,577 
$26,334 
5,906 
6,154 
644 
258 
5,319 
$34,923 
5,594 
5,134 
2,155 
973 
5,252 
$37,690 
5,293 
4,802 
676 
260 
4,887 
$30,867 
5,248 
5,227 
269 
176 
Imports (general): 
Ferrovanadium (gross weight)          Ores and concentrates             
626 
31 
449 
- - 
21 
89 
578 
- 
World production                            
13,331 
18,581 
20,171 
18,571 
19,949 
 1 Measured by receipts of uranium and vanadium ores and concentrates at
mills, plus vanadium recovered from ferrophosphorus derived from domestic
phosphate rock. 
DOMESTIC PRODUCTION 
 The principal domestic source of vanadium continued to be the Colorado Plateau
uranium-vanadium ores, but by an even more slender margin than in 1971. Both
Arkansas vanadium ore and Idaho ferrophosphorus supplied an increased amount
of vanadium. Most of the produc 
ing facilities processed such materials as vanadium-bearing oil residues,
spent catalysts, vanadium-bearing residues from titanium dioxide production,
and foreign vanadium-containing slags. Vanadium obtained by processing imported
vanadiumPhysical scientist, Division of Ferrous Metals. 


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