Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)
Kurtz, Horace F.
Bauxite, pp. 189-204 PDF (1.6 MB)
Table 1.—Salient bauxite statistics (Thousand long tons and thousand dollars) 1 Industry economist, Division of Nonferrous Metals. 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 United States: Production, crude ore (dry equivalent) Value Exports (as shipped) Imports for consumption 1 Consumption (dry equivalent) World: Production - 1,655 23,752 7 10,976 14,097 45,256 1,843 25,725 5 12,160 15,580 51,008 2,082 30,070 3 12,620 15,673 56,873 1,988 28,543 34 12,326 15,619 62,506 1,812 23,238 29 11,428 15,375 64,795 ' Import figures for Jamaica, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic were adjusted by the Bureau of Mines to dry equivalent. Other bauxite imports, which are virtually all dried, are on an as-shipped basis. Excludes calcined bauxite and bauxite imported into the Virgin Islands. 189Bauxite By Horace F. Kurtz' World production of bauxite and alumina increased *in 1972, but the increases were the smallest in recent years. The rate of growth in bauxite production was slowed because it had increased in 1970 and 1971 much faster than primary aluminum production, the principal end use for bauxite. Alumina production, the intermediate step between bauxite and aluminum production, has not increased as fast as bauxite output; however, in 1972 world alumina capacity was increased an estimated 13%. New alumina plants put into operation included two each in Australia and Japan and one each in Jamaica, Italy, and Hungary. Bauxite and alumina production in the United States declined, but imports of alumina increased significantly. Legislation and Government Programs.— About 586,000 long tons of Surinam-type metallurgical-grade bauxite sold in 1971 was removed from Government stockpiles during 1972. Jamaica-type bauxite was authorized for sale or exchange for other commodities needed to meet stockpile objectives, but none was sold. DOMESTIC PRODUCTION The production of bauxite in the United States declined 9% to 1.8 million long tons (dry equivalent) in 1972. Arkansas produced 90% of the total. Most of the remainder was mined in Alabama, and a small quantity was produced in Georgia. Except for the Mars Hill underground mine of Reynolds Mining Corp. in Saline County, Ark., all of the bauxite mines were open pit operations. In Arkansas, Reynolds, Aluminum Co. of America (Alcoa), and American Cyanamid Co. mined in Saline County, and A. P. Green Refractories Co. produced in Pulaski County. Bauxite processing plants were operated in Arkansas by American Cyanamid, A. P. Green, Norton Co., Porocel Corp., and Stauffer Chemical Co. Bauxite was mined in Barbour County, Ala., by A. P. Green, Eufaula Bauxite Mining Co., and Wilson-Snead Mining Co. In Henry County the producers were Abbeville Lime Co., Harbison-Walker Refractories Co., and Wilson-Snead. Drying or ca'lcining facilities were operated by Eufaula Bauxite, Wilson-Snead, A. P. Green, and Harbison-Walker. In Georgia, American Cyanamid operated two mines and a drying plant in Sumter County.
http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/NoC-US/1.0/| As a work of the United States government, this material is in the public domain.| For information on re-use see: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright