University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Ecology and Natural Resources Collection

Page View

Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)

Kurtz, Horace F.
Bauxite,   pp. 189-204 PDF (1.6 MB)


Page 189

Table 1.—Salient bauxite statistics 
(Thousand long tons and thousand dollars) 
 1 Industry economist, Division of Nonferrous Metals. 
1968 
1969 
1970 
1971 
1972 
United States: 
Production, crude ore (dry equivalent)      
Value                              
Exports (as shipped)                    
Imports for consumption 1                 
Consumption (dry equivalent)  
World: Production - 
1,655 
23,752 
7 
10,976 
14,097 
45,256 
1,843 
25,725 
5 
12,160 
15,580 
51,008 
2,082 
30,070 
3 
12,620 
15,673 
56,873 
1,988 
28,543 
34 
12,326 
15,619 
62,506 
1,812 
23,238 
29 
11,428 
15,375 
64,795 
 ' Import figures for Jamaica, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic were adjusted
by the Bureau of Mines to dry equivalent. Other bauxite imports, which are
virtually all dried, are on an as-shipped basis. Excludes calcined bauxite
and bauxite imported into the Virgin Islands. 
  189Bauxite 
By Horace F. Kurtz' 
 World production of bauxite and alumina increased *in 1972, but the increases
were the smallest in recent years. The rate of growth in bauxite production
was slowed because it had increased in 1970 and 1971 much faster than primary
aluminum production, the principal end use for bauxite. Alumina production,
the intermediate step between bauxite and aluminum production, has not increased
as fast as bauxite output; however, in 1972 world alumina capacity was increased
an estimated 13%. New alumina plants put into operation included two each
in Australia and Japan and one each in Jamaica, Italy, and Hungary. 
 Bauxite and alumina production in the United States declined, but imports
of alumina increased significantly. 
Legislation and Government Programs.— About 586,000 long tons of Surinam-type
metallurgical-grade bauxite sold in 1971 was removed from Government stockpiles
during 1972. Jamaica-type bauxite was authorized for sale or exchange for
other commodities needed to meet stockpile objectives, but none was sold.
DOMESTIC PRODUCTION 
 The production of bauxite in the United States declined 9% to 1.8 million
long tons (dry equivalent) in 1972. Arkansas produced 90% of the total. Most
of the remainder was mined in Alabama, and a small quantity was produced
in Georgia. Except for the Mars Hill underground mine of Reynolds Mining
Corp. in Saline County, Ark., all of the bauxite mines were open pit operations.
 In Arkansas, Reynolds, Aluminum Co. of America (Alcoa), and American Cyanamid
Co. mined in Saline County, and A. P. Green Refractories Co. produced in
Pulaski County. Bauxite processing plants 
were operated in Arkansas by American Cyanamid, A. P. Green, Norton Co.,
Porocel Corp., and Stauffer Chemical Co. 
 Bauxite was mined in Barbour County, Ala., by A. P. Green, Eufaula Bauxite
Mining Co., and Wilson-Snead Mining Co. In Henry County the producers were
Abbeville Lime Co., Harbison-Walker Refractories Co., and Wilson-Snead. Drying
or ca'lcining facilities were operated by Eufaula Bauxite, Wilson-Snead,
A. P. Green, and Harbison-Walker. 
 In Georgia, American Cyanamid operated two mines and a drying plant in Sumter
County. 


Go up to Top of Page