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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)

Willard, David G.
Graphite,   pp. 589-595 ff. PDF (715.7 KB)

Page 589

 ' 1,910 ' 7,140 
 1,204 5,499 
 -- 2,800 
' Includes 1 short ton nonstockpile-grade material. 
a Includes 56 short tons nonstockpile-grade material. 
3lncludes 867 short tons nonstockpile—grade material. 
 Source: General Services Administration. Stockpile Report to the Congress
July-December 1972, Statistical Supplement. 
By David G. Willard' 
 Natural graphite remained in tight supply in 1972. Domestic consumption
rose, largely as a result of the recovery in the metals industry, while domestic
production declined further and production in certain key foreign countries
fell. Since imports rose by a lesser amount than estimated consun~j)tion,
and exports were also higher, a p'cbable drawdown of supplier and consumer
stocks was indicated, despite an increase in releases from the national stockpiles.
Prices of imported supplies were up sharply, particularly for crystalline
graphites, on account of both tightness in the market and devaluation of
the dollar. Domestic prices temporarily held the line, but they also rose
in early 1973. 
 The manufactured graphite industry enjoyed a booming year, especially in
the second half, again due to the revitalized metals industry market. Demand
for dectrodes, the industry's staple product which accounts for the bulk
of manufactured graphite tonnage, registered a strong increase. Sales of
most other manufactured graphite products also exhibited a healthy upswing.
 Legislation anà Government Programs.— Tight supply markets
kept up consumers' interest in disposal of surplus graphite from the national
stockpiles. As a result, virtually all surplus graphite in the stockpiles
was committed to purchasers in competitive 
 ' Economist, Division of Nonmetallic Minerals. 
Table 1.—Salient natural graphite statistics 
 1968 1969 1970 1971 
United States: 
   Consumption' short tons~. 38,507 37,164 32,908 39,172       Value thousands~.
$5,904 $6,354 $5,866 $7,610   Exports short tons... 4,169 r10,264 5,783 5,733
     Value thousands.. $509 $782 $701 $680   Imports for consumption '  short
tons.... 67,922 58,459 66,449 57756      Value thousand&.. $2,494 $2,419
$3,027 $2,727World: Production short tons~ 481,793 414,194 433,047 429,905
' Revised. 
Includes some manufactured graphite. 
Table 2.—Government ycarend stocks of natural graphite 
(Short tons) 
Type of graphite National Supplemental stockpile  stockpile 
Total all stockpiles 
Malagasy crystalline flake: 
- Objective 10,800 -- 10,800 
   Uncommitted excess 83 - - 83 
 Total 10,883 -- 10,883 
 Mabagasy crystalline fines: Objective 5,230 
 Ceylon amorphous lump: Objective 24,295 
 Other than Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon) and Mabagasy, crystalline: 
  Objective ~2,800 

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