Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)
Willard, David G.
Graphite, pp. 589-595 ff. PDF (715.7 KB)
' 1,910 ' 7,140 1,204 5,499 -- 2,800 ' Includes 1 short ton nonstockpile-grade material. a Includes 56 short tons nonstockpile-grade material. 3lncludes 867 short tons nonstockpile—grade material. Source: General Services Administration. Stockpile Report to the Congress July-December 1972, Statistical Supplement. 589Graphite By David G. Willard' Natural graphite remained in tight supply in 1972. Domestic consumption rose, largely as a result of the recovery in the metals industry, while domestic production declined further and production in certain key foreign countries fell. Since imports rose by a lesser amount than estimated consun~j)tion, and exports were also higher, a p'cbable drawdown of supplier and consumer stocks was indicated, despite an increase in releases from the national stockpiles. Prices of imported supplies were up sharply, particularly for crystalline graphites, on account of both tightness in the market and devaluation of the dollar. Domestic prices temporarily held the line, but they also rose in early 1973. The manufactured graphite industry enjoyed a booming year, especially in the second half, again due to the revitalized metals industry market. Demand for dectrodes, the industry's staple product which accounts for the bulk of manufactured graphite tonnage, registered a strong increase. Sales of most other manufactured graphite products also exhibited a healthy upswing. Legislation anà Government Programs.— Tight supply markets kept up consumers' interest in disposal of surplus graphite from the national stockpiles. As a result, virtually all surplus graphite in the stockpiles was committed to purchasers in competitive ' Economist, Division of Nonmetallic Minerals. Table 1.—Salient natural graphite statistics 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 United States: Consumption' short tons~. 38,507 37,164 32,908 39,172 Value thousands~. $5,904 $6,354 $5,866 $7,610 Exports short tons... 4,169 r10,264 5,783 5,733 Value thousands.. $509 $782 $701 $680 Imports for consumption ' short tons.... 67,922 58,459 66,449 57756 Value thousand&.. $2,494 $2,419 $3,027 $2,727World: Production short tons~ 481,793 414,194 433,047 429,905 47,774 $9,836 7,289 $888 64,135 $3,847' 394,459 ' Revised. Includes some manufactured graphite. Table 2.—Government ycarend stocks of natural graphite (Short tons) Type of graphite National Supplemental stockpile stockpile Total all stockpiles Malagasy crystalline flake: - Objective 10,800 -- 10,800 Uncommitted excess 83 - - 83 Total 10,883 -- 10,883 Mabagasy crystalline fines: Objective 5,230 Ceylon amorphous lump: Objective 24,295 Other than Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon) and Mabagasy, crystalline: Objective ~2,800
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