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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Area reports: international 1971
Year 1971, Volume 3 (1971)

Greenspoon, Gertrude N.
Zambia,   pp. 923-930 PDF (795.0 KB)

Page 923

  92~The Mineral Industry of Zambia 
By Gertrude N. Greenspoon1 
 Production of copper, the predominant commodity in the Zambian mineral industry,
did not regain the level existing prior to disruption of operations at the
Mufulira mine in September 1970. The reduced output together with lower copper
prices resulted in a drop in value to $620 million from $908 million 2 in
1970. The copper industry, however, continued as the main provider of government
revenue. Since 1965, copper has accounted for over 90 percent of total export
 Although the first national development plan was to end in 1970, it was
extended until the end of 1971. The extension provided time to assess Zambia's
past economic reforms. The second national development plan, effective January
1972 to December 1976, will give priority to rural development. 
 Mindeco, Ltd., a State corporation operating under the Ministry of Mines
and Mining Development, which had acquired 51 percent interests in the copper,
lead, and zinc mines, was planning expansions in the small mines sector.
These included an emerald deposit near Kalulushi and a tin mining cooperative
in the Choma district. 
 The Metal Fabricators of Zambia (ZAMEFA) manufacturing plant at Luanshya
began operations in February. The corn- 
pany will supply about 80 percent of Zambia's demand for finished and semifinished
products. The remainder of demand, consisting of highly specialized products,
will continue to be imported. 
 By yearend the Export Import Bank (EXIM) was considering requests for expansions
in the Zambian copper industry. A Nchanga Consolidated Copper Mines, Ltd.
(NCCM) loan would approximate $30 million, and that of Roan Consolidated
Mines, Ltd. (RCM) about $20 million. Both loans would cover purchase of U.S.
goods and services for expansion of mining and processing facilities. Financial
arrangements for each would be 10 percent cash payment, 45 percent EXIM direct
credit, and 45 percent commercial bank credit with EXIM guarantee or repayment.
Proposed repayment terms would be 10 years beginning in early 1974. 
 The 1,100-mile Tan Zam Railway scheduled for completion in 1975 was about
a year ahead of schedule. Work was begun from the port of Dar es Salaam,
Tanzania, on the Indian Ocean and was nearing the Zambia border by yearend
 Difficulties experienced in obtaining generators, transformers, and other
equipment for the Kafue hydroelectric plant increased costs from $193 million
to $202 million. Construction of the project was proceeding steadily. 
 The value of mineral production totaled $659 million in 1971, a 30-percent
decrease from 1970, and was the lowest since 1965. Output of blister and
anode copper and electrolytic copper dropped 6 and 8 percent, respectively,
reflecting limited activity at the Mufulira mine. A 7-percent increase was
recorded in electrolytic zinc produc 
tion, and a small gain was made in refined lead output. Coal production rose
30 percent to a record high. 
 I Mineral specialist, Division of Nonferrous Metals. 
 2 Where necessary, values have been converted from the Zambian currency
kwacha to U.S. dollars at the rate of K1.OOUS$l.40. 

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