Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Fuels 1960
Year 1960, Volume 2 (1961)
Moyer, Forrest T.; Vaughan, J. A.; Cooke, Marian I.
Coal--Pennsylvania anthracite, pp. 149-203 ff. PDF (5.6 MB)
149Coal—-Pennsylvania Anthracite By Forrest T. Moyer,1 J. A. Vaughan,2 and Marian L Cooke3 + CONTENTS Page Page General summary 149 Employment 185 Scope of report 156 Distribution~._ 187 Acknowledgments 157 Consumption 192 Production, mining methods, and Stocks 195 equipment 157 Foreign trade 196 Size of deep mines 177 World production 198 Prices and value of sales 178 Technology 199 GENERAL SUMMARY PRODUCTION of Pennsylvania anthracite continued to decline in 1960 as the year's output, 18.8 million net tons, fell 9 percent below 1959. Since the combined production at surface operations— strip pits, cuim banks, and dredges—remained relatively unchanged, virtually all the decline occurred at underground operations because of the closing of many deep mines due to high costs, excessive mine water, and other factors. At the mine, the 1960 production was valued at $147.1 million, down 15 percent. The proportionately, greater decline in mine value than in production was attributable largely, as in 1959, to a greater decrease in shipments of the higher priced sizes. Shipments of Pea and larger sizes were 13 percent below 1959 and represented only 40 percent of the year's total, compared with 42 percent in 1959 and 45 percent in 1958. Although Buckwheat No. 1 and the smaller sizes were in relatively greater market demand than the larger coals, only Buckwheat No. 5 showed an increase over 1959. Except for Buckwheat No. 4, which remained about the same, the smaller sizes also declined in average value. As a result of these developments, the average mine value dropped from $8.35 to $7.82 per net ton, the lowest since 1947. Apparent consumption of Pennsylvania anthracite (production, I Physleal c'ientlst. ~ industry analyst. $Consmodlty research assistant
http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/NoC-US/1.0/| As a work of the United States government, this material is in the public domain.| For information on re-use see: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright