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Becker, George C. / Fishes of Wisconsin
(1983)

Smelt family - osmeridae,   pp. 377-384 PDF (3.4 MB)


Page 377

 
Smelt Family- 
                  Osmeridae 
  One species of smelt occurs in Wisconsin waters, introduced from 
Michigan when that state brought in smelt to provide food for salmon 
that were being stocked at the same time. The salmon perished, but the 
smelt prospered. The smelt family is essentially a marine family, and in
the United States and Canada it includes nine species in six genera (Robins
et al. 1980). All are Arctic or North Temperate. 
  The smelts are small, slender, silvery predacious fishes with thin, elon-
gated bodies and large mouths. Teeth are either well developed or 
weakly developed on the jaws, the tongue, and the roof of the mouth. 
The scales are thin and cycloid. An adipose fin is present, but a pelvic
axillary process is absent. 
377 


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