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Dominy Craftsmen Collection

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Hummel, Charles F. / "English Tools in America: The Evidence of the Dominys" from Winterthur Portfolio
(Winter 1965)

English firms producing tools used by the Dominy craftsmen,   pp. 37-46 PDF (2.3 MB)


Page 38

The mark f. BUTCHER appearing on a plane iron (not illustrated) and on the
file and mortise chisels illustrated above, probably was in use for less than a decade. A
firm with this name does not occur in the Sheffield Directory for 1817. The next Direc-
tory, published in 1821, lists, "Butcher, William, edge tools in all its branches, skates,
saws, files, hoes, trowels, &c, manufacturer, Eyre Lane." A directory was not published
after this date until 1828, when the firm "Butcher, Brown, and Butcher" appears on
Eyre Lane. Its products included those of William Butcher in 1821, as well as "joiner's
tools, West India and Brazil plantation tools." The English company "W. & S.
Butcher" which applied for an American trade-mark in 1872 probably was the firm
designated in the Sheffield Directory of 1833 as "Butcher Wm. and Saml." The W.
BUTCHER stamp, therefore, could not have appeared on tools before 1818 and prob-
ably was discontinued by 1828.
CUTLER, HIRAM (See Weldon, William)
FENN, SAMUEL
FILE FOR CLOCKMAKING AND WATCHMAKING: ca. 1824; steel; L. (including
cherry handle) 7 11/16" (57.26.539, Gift of HENRY B. DU PONT).
FILE FOR CLOCKMAKING AND WATCHMAKING: ca. 1824; steel; L. (including soft-
maple handle) 54" (57.26.535, Gift of HENRY B. DU PONT).
The maker of these files, who used FENN as his mark, conducted his business in
London, not in Sheffield, and was active about 1824. In that year, page 169 of Pigot
and Co.'s City of Dublin and Hibernian Provincial Directory . . . to which is Added a
Comprehensive Directory of London lists Samuel Fenn of 105 Newgate Street, London,
as a "tool maker and dealer."
FRANCE, JONATHAN
TURNING TOOL FOR MIETALWORKING: ca. 1797; steel; L. (including dogwood
handle) 97/" (57.26.417, Gift of HENRY B. DU PONT).
LIT
WINTERTHUR PORTFOLIO II
38


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