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Edwards, George, 1694-1773. / Gleanings of natural history : exhibiting figures of quadrupeds, birds, insects, etc. most of which have not, till now, been either figured or described
Part II (1760)

Chap. LXX. Pla. 280. The long-tailed duck from Newfoundland; and the spur-winged plover; Le canard à longue queuë de Terre-Neuve. Et le pluvier à ailes éperonnées,   pp. 146-149


Page 149

( I49 )
was a male Bird, and this the female. I
ihould not have made a fecond figure of
it, had I not discovered the fpurs, which
were uniform on both wings. lIt is com-
mon on the river near Aleppo.
Paul Lucas, in his Voyage to the Levant,
edit. in three volumes, I2Mo. printed at
Rouen, A. D. 1719, gives a very ftrange
account of a Bird found on the river Nile,
which feems to me to be this very fpecies
of Bird ; therefore, to amufe the reader, I
ihall transcribe his account of it,(fee vol. III.
pa. 7.) " This Bird is like a Lapwing, and
near of its bignefs, which flew about,
" and went into the Crocodiles mouths or
throats, which were then extended on
the water, (in the Higher Egypt) and
" were juff before our author's boat; and,
" after they had flayed a little while, the
Crocodiles fbut their mouths, and opened
them again foon after to let theem go out.
The people told me, that thele Birds,
of which there was a vaft number, feed
themfelves on what remains between
" this animal's teeth, by picking them; and
as they have a kindof fpur, or very fharp
thorn on the tops of their wings, they
prick the Crocodile, and torment him
when he has fhut his mouth, till he
opens it again, and lets them out; and
thus they fecure themfelves from  the
danger they were in. Likely thefe are
the Birds which Pliny calls Trochilos.
Beitar, an Arabian author, tells fuch
another ftory of a Bird, but doth not
mention its name."  As I have received
one of thefe Birds from the Eaft Indies, it
is very probable it may be a native of the
Upper Egypt, which is in or about the
famne latitude.
que ce dernier t/i la fiemele.  j/e n'aurois pas
fazit une nouve/le figuzre, ji je n'euie- pas de'-
couvert les (perolis, qui font unfoirmes aux
deux ailes.  Get OiJe~au (/ commun fir la ri-
viere aux environs d'A/ep.
Paul Lucas, dans fJn Voyage du Levant +,
donne un de'tail fort fJngulier dzun OQ/?au,,
qu'on trouve fur le Nil, et qui paroit dtre de
la merne efJce que celui-ci: c'eJl pourquoi je
vais tranjcrire ce qu'il en dit, pour divertir
le ledeur: " Cet Oifeau e/Y comme un Pluvier,,
et a peu pres de la meme gro /fur: il volti-
geoit et entroit dans la geule beante des Cro-
codilles, qui dans Id Haute Egypte Jurna-
gent e'tendus fur I'eau: ils etoient tout vis-
"-vis de la barque de notre auteur.  Apres.
y avoir   te' quelque tem ps, les Crocodilles-
"fermoient la gueule et la- rouvroient prff-
qu'aze/Jit6t, pour les en lai~er Jortir.  On
cc me dit qute ces OiQeaux, dont ily avoit un
tres grand nombre, fe nourrif/1ient de ce gui
ref oit entre les dents de cet animal, /f
quelles ils curoient avec keur bec; et que
comme ils ont aue haut de l'aile une efpece
d'ejeron, ou d'epine fort pointue;, ils pi-
quent le Crocodille, et le tourmentent quand,'
"il a ferme la gueule, jufqu'a ce qu'il l'ouvre
et les l/ave al/er.  C'e/l ainfi qu'ils fe tirent
du danger oul ilsfe trouvent. Ces Oifeaux.
font vraiffemblablement ceux quePline appelle
Trochilos.  Beitar, auteur Afrabe, raconte
"une hi/loire femblable d'un Oifeau qu'il net
nomme point."    )'en ait refu un autre des-
Indes Orientales; il eJI probable qu'il peut &tre
venu de la Haute Egypte, qui eJI a peu. press
dans la meme latitude.
* Paul Lucas, &c. torn. Ill. pa. 7. Rouen 17!9, 3
torn. i zno.
M


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