Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution : and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)
The great tobacco manufactories, pp. 511-532
THE GREAT TOBACCO MANUFACTORTES. rooms are five or six hundred canvas racks, so arranged that the heat affects all parts alike. On these racks the Tobacco is carefully spread to dry. The length of time required for drying varies with the temperature and the charac- ter of the Tobacco. When the desired condition has been attained the mass is gathered up, and shaken to eliminate the "shorts,'? or non-fibrous particles, of which there is always a considerable quantity. The set lected portion is then put into a large bin in the Dressing room, where it is left until what little moisture there may be remaining has permeated every fibre alike, when it undergoes what is called the process of " Dressing," which Is a closer and more elaborate manipulation than the one preceding, when it is transferred to the Packing rooms, where the final process takes place. The Packing rooms of this house are large, and present many features of interest. From seventy-five to eighty young woman, ranging from thirteen to twenty years of age, are constantly employed in packing throughout the year. At regular intervals the packers stand before a series of forms or tables elevated to a convenient height, in which hoppers are con- structed, designed to contain sufficient Tobacco to fill a gross or a gross and a half of the ordinary sized packages of Chewing Tobacco. The Tobacco is all weighed in the Dressing room, and each packer receives only enough at a time for a single gross. At her right hand each packer has a number of sheets of tin-foil and paper, cut so as to exactly envelope the proper quantity of Tobacco. In front of her is a wooden- mould of the exact size of a paper of Tobacco, into which, after covering the extreme end with a sheet of the paper and then a sheet of foil, and turning down the corners of these, a tin mould is inserted, into which the Tobacco is put and pressed down by means of a " follower." The tin mould is then withdrawn, leaving the Tobacco inclosed in the en- velope, which is subsequently taken from the wooden mould, the ends fastened down, and the article is ready for the market. As in every other department of labor, there is in this considerable diversity in the capability of individuals, some being able to pack more than others in a given time. There are some females here who will pack in this way twenty gross a day. The principal brands of Tobacco manufactured in these Works are known as the John Cornish, Virgin Leaf, and Navy Fine Cut Chewing Tobaccos. The first paper of the Cornish Tobacco was offered for sale in June, 1849. Mr. McAlpine became a partner of the original proprietor in 1857, at which time, also, John W. French became associated with him, under the style of John Cornish & Co. In 1862, Mr. Cornish retired, when the firm-name was changed to that of D. H. 518.
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