Smith, Walter, 1836-1886 / The masterpieces of the Centennial International Exhibition illustrated : industrial art
Volume 2 ([1876-1878])
The lesson of the exhibition., pp. 497-521 ff.
INDUSTRIAL ART. page 495 we engrave a charming design of machine-made NOTTINGHAM LACE, intended for a curtain, from the well-known factory of JACOBY, in NOTrINGHAM. Some of the patterns in these favorite laces are of an elegance that leaves nothing to be desired, and not their least admirable peculiarity is their cheapness. The CASHMERE SHAWL, illustrated on page 496, differs only from a shawl made in Cashmere, in that it is made in Saxony and by machinery. The material is pershon, or shawl-wool; that is, the downy substance growing next the skin and under the thick hair of the goats inhabiting Thibet and the other elevated regions to the north of the Himalaya Mountains; and the pattern is similar to those wrought with such labor and patience in the hand-looms of India. Here, again, as in the case of the lace manufacture just referred to, the aid of machinery has been sought to imitate the labor of the hands, and to such perfection have shawl-making machines been brought that one who is not an expert cannot detect any difference in the fabrics. Doubtless many persons having so-called Cashmere shawls congratulate themselves on having a genuine hand-made chuddah that cost an astonishingly low price, when in truth it is one of these machine-made European imitations that has been sold at an excellent profit to the manufacturer. THE LESSON OF THE EXHIBITION. AMONG all the educational movements which have arisen in this country during the last decade, none has seemed to be so completely in harmony with the spirit of the times as education in the elements of industrial art. As wealth and European travel have increased, a taste for the skilled handiwork of foreign craftsmen has been rapidly developed among our people, and the desire to become the possessors of elegant objects to make home attractive has amounted almost to a passion. This alone is sufficient to account for the somewhat anomalous spectacle, that the houses of opulent and even moderately rich Americans are usually furnished-not merely ornamented, but furnished-with objects and materials of foreign product. In every country in the world may be found among the surroundings of wealthy travelers gleanings of rare or curious -objects collected from other 497