C.C. Washburn Papers, 1844-1941

Container Title
U.S. Mss 59AN
Part 1 (U.S. Mss 59AN, Audio 1094A, Audio 1264A, Micro 912, HB 444-449, CB 015): Original Collection, 1929-1985
Physical Description: 17.2 cubic feet (42 archives boxes and 1 card box), 5 reels of microfilm (35 mm), 2 disc recordings, 6 cassette tape recordings, 6 reels of 35 mm film, and 1 reel of 16 mm film 
Scope and Content Note

The Bessie Papers are arranged as BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIAL, CORRESPONDENCE, HOLLYWOOD TEN RECORDS, and WRITINGS.

BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIAL includes brief biographies and obituaries; a longer biographical work by Pamela Feinsilber, a graduate student in English literature at San Francisco State University; bibliographies of Bessie's writings; and some film, radio, and television contracts. (Several additional research papers about Bessie and the Hollywood Ten may be found scattered within the correspondence.) Also part of the series is Bessie's typically meticulous accounting of his professional income from 1926 through 1985, together with an inventory of trips he took during his career which exhibits the same personality characteristic.

The folder of notes filed here contains copies of the inventories prepared by Alvah and later by Dan Bessie to accompany the shipment of Bessie's papers to Wisconsin. These lists, which are in many cases an item level inventory of the deposited material, contain useful information about Bessie as well as many of the individuals with whom he was associated.

The biographical clippings, which are available only on microfilm, consist of newspaper and magazine articles in which Bessie was mentioned.

Also part of the biographical series are six cassette recordings of taped reminiscences, some apparently prepared in reply to letters or tapes Bessie received from biographer Jerrold I. Zinnamon. (The footnotes in Zinnamon's thesis suggest that the cassettes in the collection are not all of the taped interviews he made with Bessie. On one of these tapes entitled “The $64 Question” Bessie answers the question of whether he was a member of the Communist Party. Cassette 6 is actually not a reminiscence but a dictated response to a letter Bessie had received from an unidentified correspondent about the book Contempt of Congress and other topics.)

Bessie's CORRESPONDENCE is extensive, for he was an enthusiastic and faithful letter writer. The material, however, primarily dates from the late 1950s to the year of Bessie's death. As a result, research on his role in the Spanish Civil War, the blacklisting era, and other aspects of his early life cannot be studied through contemporary correspondence. Nevertheless, researchers on these subjects will find the series is useful to their study, for these topics continued as vital and prominent themes in Bessie's later letters. The correspondence generally includes carbons of letters sent by Bessie (and even of postcards he sent!), as well as the letters he received. Although the files include many personal letters from friends and professional associates, there are virtually no exchanges with his family during any period in his life, and the few letters of this type that are included primarily consist of correspondence with his son Dan Bessie when they were collaborating on a film project. Letters from prison to family members, which form a striking part of several of the collections of other members of the Hollywood Ten held by WCFTR, are completely absent.

The correspondence is divided, as it was by Bessie himself, into two sections: general correspondence and subject correspondence, both of which are then filed alphabetically. The general correspondence consists of exchanges with individuals and is arranged by last name, while the subject correspondence includes correspondence with publishers and organizations, correspondence concerning Bessie's writings (which is most often arranged by title), and topical material (e.g. protest letters and research requests). In arranging the papers prior to transmittal to WCFTR, the Bessies did not apply these filing distinctions consistently, and as a result researchers will find correspondence with some individuals in both the general correspondence and in appropriate subject categories.

The general correspondence consists of separate files for individuals with whom Bessie corresponded often and combined files (e.g. A, B, C) for individuals with whom he corresponded less frequently. Correspondents in this section include publishers and agents (such as Angus Cameron and Maxim Lieber); other members of the “unfriendly nineteen” and other victims of the blacklist (Herbert Biberman, John Henry Faulk, Paul Jarrico, Albert Kahn, Howard Koch, Ring Lardner, Jr., John Howard Lawson, Albert Maltz, and Dalton Trumbo); political activists (such as Herbert Aptheker, Ed Asner, Dorothy Healey); actors, entertainers and individuals in the motion picture industry (Woody Allen, Kaye Ballard, Lenny Bruce, Jaime Camino, Morris Carnovsky, and Bette Davis); fellow members of the Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade (VALB); and literary figures ranging from nationally and internationally prominent authors to writers who were primarily known in the San Francisco area (James Aronson, Martha Gellhorn, Ralph Gleason, Stefen Heym, Cyra MacFadden, Herbert Matthews, Arthur Miller, Vladimir Pozner, George Seldes, and Studs Terkel).

The largest portion of the letters in the subject correspondence concerns editorial matters, some filed by publisher and some filed by title, and when several projects involved the same publisher, by the name of the publisher. Correspondence with the foreign publishers of Bessie's articles and books is a prominent aspect of the section. Novels, which are well documented by correspondence, include Inquisition in Eden, Men in Battle, Solo Flight, The Symbol, and The Un-Americans. Bessie's work as a writer for film and television is less well represented here, although there are materials on his disputed screen writing credit for Smart Woman and on the ABC Movie of the Week that was made from The Symbol. Bessie's experiences as a writer during the period of the blacklist are documented in correspondence with the San Francisco International Film Festival, the San Francisco Mime Troupe, and the Limelighters. (Bessie wrote publicity for all three.)

Other correspondence concerns film projects, grant applications requesting financial support for writing and film projects, protest letters to public and corporate officials, and his employment by the hungry i nightclub. Also here are fan mail, letters concerning Bessie's deteriorating health, sympathy letters received by Sylviane Bessie after his death, and letters indicating Bessie's support for various causes. The folders entitled research questions consist of queries received from scholars and students of literary and political history, together with copies of Bessie's replies. (More extended research correspondence such as his many exchanges with Jerry Zinnamon are filed in the General Correspondence.)

Of particular interest in the Subject Correspondence is the mail concerning Bessie's efforts to secure copies of records kept about him by the federal government, together with the complete file that he received in response to his Freedom of Information request.

The HOLLYWOOD TEN RECORDS are mainly printed or mimeographed materials relating to the HUAC hearings and trials and the blacklisting era. Legal briefs originally in this series have been compared to the very complete legal files that are part of the Biberman-Sondergaard Papers held by WCFTR. As a result of extensive duplication, only one brief which Bessie had annotated (presumably for Helen Clare Nelson) has been retained in the Bessie Papers. Notable among the remaining Hollywood Ten materials in the Bessie collection is a script for the mass meeting held for the Ten prior to their departure for Washington and the script for Hollywood Fights Back. The correspondence here includes letters written by Bessie as early as 1948 that describe the impact of the blacklist on his career and numerous exchanges with Biberman, Lester Cole, and attorney Robert Kenny concerning the suits and legal cases with which members of the Ten were individually and jointly involved after their release from prison. Also of interest here is Helen Clare Nelson's correspondence with Dore Schary about the producer's role in the blacklist, letters of support received from Hugh Bryson of the Marine Cooks and Stewards Union, and a letter from Rex Stout, a New York acquaintance, in which he refused to help Bessie. The section of miscellaneous Hollywood Ten statements and speeches includes some budget material prepared for the defense effort and a copy of Biberman's “Films on Fire.” Also included is a 16mm print of the film The Hollywood Ten, about motion picture industry writers accused of subversive activities.

Bessie's WRITINGS are arranged alphabetically by genre (articles, books, film scripts, miscellaneous writings, radio scripts, reviews, short stories, speeches, television scripts, and theatrical scripts) and thereunder alphabetically by title. Some book and motion picture files include variant drafts, although the number of titles in the collection with multiple drafts is limited. When they exist (primarily for Inquisition in Eden, One For My Baby, Smart Woman, The Symbol, The Very Thought of You, and “The Last Volunteer”) this material is chronologically arranged.

Researchers will find a great deal of overlap between genre in Bessie's work, and it is evident that he frequently reworked the same title or concept in several categories. A bibliography of Bessie's published writings (including some his film, theater, and book reviews) that was last reviewed by Bessie in 1983 is filed with the Biographical Material.

Non-fiction articles, which are available only on microfilm, primarily consist of the final printed works, and only a few items are represented by variant drafts. Occasionally some correspondence is included with the drafts, most often letters from readers of “Letters to the Editor” columns in which letters from Bessie had appeared. Articles Bessie wrote for foreign journals are generally preceded by his English-language version of the story.

Prior to their shipment to WCFTR the articles and columns were grouped into scrapbooks by Alvah and Dan Bessie, one scrapbook for each magazine and newspaper in which Bessie's work frequently appeared (the Brooklyn Daily Eaqle, In These Times, Marin Life, New Masses, People's World) and the remainder grouped together chronologically. The general scrapbook covers the period from 1930 to 1980. Of special note among the articles is the long piece, “Hesitation Waltz,” about the Bessies' 1976 visit to post-Franco Spain which appeared in In These Times, as well as an alternate draft of the same story that was rejected by Atlantic Monthly. Also useful are the many pieces he wrote for New Masses about Spain and the special feature (and draft) of “This is Your Enemy,” as well as his interviews with Morris Carnovsky and Hanns Eisler about Spain and his “Hollywood Letter” column which was published by New Masses after Bessie went to California as a screenwriter. In the tentatively-titled “Weekly Review” file is a regular column “The Root Of It” which Bessie wrote for a left-wing youth newspaper during the early 1940s under the name William Root.

The articles in the scrapbooks representing publications in which Bessie appeared only occasionally cover many topics, with autobiographical pieces appearing with increasing frequency as Bessie emerged during the 1960s and 1970s as a sort of radical celebrity. Also of special interest here is a lengthy, undated obituary of the blacklisted actor-screenwriter Nedrick Young, who allowed Bessie to use his name for Cross of Gold.

Present for Bessie's books are revisions and working drafts of manuscripts, research materials, and published volumes. First-edition, English-language editions of Bread and a Stone, The Un-Americans, and Men in Battle, which were received prior to 1978 were transferred, under the policy then in effect in the SHSW Archives to the University of Wisconsin's Memorial Library, where they are currently available. Because of an altered policy for handling published volumes received with manuscript collections, subsequent editions of these books, including many foreign language editions, that were received from the donor after 1978 have been retained as part of the manuscript collection. (They are catalogued in the SHSW Library catalog, although they are stored with the Bessie Papers.)

Among Bessie's writings for film are final and draft scripts for produced and unproduced films, original motion picture stories (including Operation Burma for which he received an Oscar nomination), ghost writings, and educational films. Particularly interesting here are projects on which Bessie collaborated with Jaime Camino, his son Dan, and Lenny Bruce.

Writings for television and radio are comparatively small segments of the collection, as is the section of miscellaneous writings. The latter includes courses he taught at the People's Education Center, some letters to the editor, poetry, and translations. Also grouped here is another scrapbook (available only on microfilm) comprised of samples of Bessie's writings in various genre.

In order to facilitate their microfilm preservation the reviews in the Bessie Papers have been subdivided into two categories: reviews of his works by others and reviews written by Bessie. Reviews of Bessie's writings are grouped alphabetically by genre (books and films only) and then arranged by title.

Writing under various pseudonyms, Bessie had a very active career as a reviewer of films, theater, and books which is documented in the papers almost exclusively by the final, printed columns. The majority of these reviews were collected by the donors into scrapbooks, one for each of the journals for which Bessie was a regular reviewer; publications in which his reviews appeared only occasionally are arranged together chronologically. Because the scrapbooks were in deteriorating physical condition the originals were microfilmed for preservation, after which the original clippings were destroyed.

The reviews by Bessie have been grouped by genre and then alphabetically by publication name. Among the most extensively documented publications are the Brooklyn Daily Eagle, for which Bessie worked as assistant editor of the Sunday magazine section; the Daily People's World of San Francisco, for which he became a reviewer following the implementation of the Blacklist; and New Masses. Because Bessie regularly reviewed only film and theater for New Masses, his book review of For Whom the Bell Tolls for that paper has been filed with the New Masses non-fiction articles. Researchers interested in The Symbol, Bessie's fictionalized account of the life of Marilyn Monroe, should consult his reviews of Monroe's films and biographies of her by others; these are comparatively numerous and scattered through this section of the collection. Researchers should note that many of the reviews for Scribners written during the early 1930s were pasted on the back of letters that he received, and that these letters also appear on the microfilm.

Bessie's short stories are generally documented in the papers only by published versions. (Much of Bessie's early fiction that appeared in Book and Scribners was republished in 1982 together with a previously unpublished novella, “The Serpent was Subtil,” under the title Alvah Bessie's Short Fiction; because the stories appeared without alteration, only the new introductory matter for that volume appears in the books section of the manuscript collection. The speeches section is divided into general speeches and statements dealing with Spain. The early speeches in both categories are generally represented by typed drafts (some extensively edited), while later speeches and public appearances are also documented by press notices and publicity. A few of the public appearances that Bessie made during the last years of his life are documented only by publicity. The general speech files include a number of addresses made by Bessie during the Hollywood Ten era, together with a full mimeographed transcript of the May 17, 1943, “Erase infamy” rally at Madison Square Garden at which he spoke. This section also includes some undelivered remarks prepared for a jury and a recording of Bessie's appearance before HUAC in 1947. The file of speeches on Spain includes general discussions of the situation in Spain as it existed during the 1940s and 1950s; during the 1970s Bessie's emphasis began to shift to recollections of his own experiences.

Series: Biographical Material
Box   1
Folder   1
Bibliographies
Biographies
Box   1
Folder   2
Biographical sketches
Box   1
Folder   3
Biography by Pamela Feinsilber, 1990
Micro 912
Reel   1
Clippings
Note: Filmed without a counter.
U.S. Mss 59AN
Box   1
Folder   4-5
Contracts for films, radio, and television
Box   1
Folder   6-7
Financial records, 1926-1985
Box   1
Folder   8
Notes of Alvah Bessie and DB on Bessie papers
Recorded interviews
1094A/1
March 7, 1977, Interview with Bessie biographer Jerrold I. Zinnamon concerning Bessie's birth and childhood
1094A/2-3
March 14, 1977, Autobiographical interview for unidentified interviewer
1094A/4
April 30, 1977, Interview with Zinnamon
1094A/5
May 21, 1977, Interview with Zinnamon
1094A/6
November 18, 1977, Dictated letter to unknown sender, regarding Contempt of Congress and general topics
U.S. Mss 59AN
Box   1
Folder   9
Travel records
Box   1
Folder   10
Biographical miscellany regarding Dan Bessie, 1973
Series: Correspondence
Subseries: General Correspondence
Box   2
Folder   1
A - General
Box   2
Folder   2-3
Albrecht, Joachim, 1968-1985
Box   2
Folder   4
Allen, Richard Sanders, 1972-1979
Box   2
Folder   5
Amery, Al, 1983-1984
Box   2
Folder   6
Anderson, Bruce, 1984-1985
Box   2
Folder   7-8
B - General
Box   2
Folder   9
Baker, Carlos, 1962-1969
Box   2
Folder   10
Baraff, Jack, 1975-1985
Box   2
Folder   11
Bessie, Eva, Helen, and Clar, 1950
Box   2
Folder   12
Bruce, Lenny, 1959-1960, undated
Box   2
Folder   14
Buck, Janet Rollins, 1979-1982
Box   2
Folder   13
Burnett, Mary (first wife), undated
Box   3
Folder   1
C - General
Box   3
Folder   2-5
Camino, Jaime, 1964-1985
Box   3
Folder   6-7
Cameron, Angus, 1957-1983
Box   3
Folder   8
Carnovsky, Morris, 1966-1984
Box   3
Folder   9
Cherry, Arthur B., 1977-1978
Box   3
Folder   10
Culodny, Robert, 1975-1984
Box   3
Folder   11
D - General
Box   4
Folder   1
Davis, Bette, 1941-1978
Box   4
Folder   2
DeMarco, Gordon, 1979-1983
Dyer, Frank
Box   4
Folder   3-9
1977-1982
Box   5
Folder   1-2
1983-1984
Box   5
Folder   3-4
E-F - General
Box   5
Folder   5
Feinsilber, Pamela, 1982-1983
Box   5
Folder   6
Ferguson, Linda, 1975-1976
Box   5
Folder   7-9
Fishman, Moe (VALB), 1953-1977
Box   5
Folder   10
Frewin, Anthony, 1969-1970
Box   6
Folder   1
Fredriksson, Gunnar, 1971-1979
Box   6
Folder   2-3
Fritchman, Stephen and Frances, 1962-1981, undated
Box   6
Folder   4
G - General
Box   6
Folder   5
Gellhorn, Martha, 1959-1982
Box   6
Folder   6
Gleason, Ralph and Jean, 1966-1978
Box   6
Folder   7
Grunblatt, Jacques, 1976-1985
Box   6
Folder   8
Gubern, Roman, 1968-1973
Box   6
Folder   9
H - General
Box   6
Folder   10
Healey, Dorothy, 1967-1983
Box   6
Folder   11
Hecht, Randy, 1984-1985
Box   6
Folder   12
Heffley, Wayne, 1967-1983
Box   6
Folder   13
Herr, Allen H., 1975-1981
Box   7
Folder   1-2
Heym, Stefan and Gertrude Geblin, 1961-1977
Box   7
Folder   3
Holt, Pat, 1982-1985
Box   7
Folder   4-5
I-J - General
Box   7
Folder   6
Jackson, Gabriel, 1969-1983
Box   7
Folder   7
K - General
Box   7
Folder   8
Keil, Doris, 1971-1976
Box   7
Folder   9-10
Kozar, Thomas, 1978-1983
Box   7
Folder   11
L - General
Box   7
Folder   12
Lamb, Leonard, 1976-1983
Box   7
Folder   13
Landis, Arthur, 1966-1985
Box   8
Folder   1
Lardner, Ring, Jr., 1955-1985
Box   8
Folder   2
Lavery, Emmet, Jr.1975-1979
Box   8
Folder   3
Leyda, Jay, 1965-1978
Box   8
Folder   4
Lieber, Maxim, 1956-1965
Box   8
Folder   5
Lish, Francis, 1976-1985
Box   8
Folder   6
Lohr, Helga, 1962-1969
Box   8
Folder   7
Lowry, Mary, 1982-1984
Box   8
Folder   8
Lurie, Frieda and Helena Romanova, 1961-1981
Box   8
Folder   9
M - General
Box   8
Folder   10
MacFadden, Cyra, 1978-1985
Box   8
Folder   11
Magee, Betty, 1981-1983
Box   8
Folder   12
Mainwaring, Deborah, 1977-1983
Box   8
Folder   13
Maltz, Albert, 1946-1985
Box   8
Folder   14
Margolis, Ken, 1966-1967
Box   9
Folder   1
Martin, Fredericka, 1975-1984
Box   9
Folder   2
Martin, Wolfgang, 1973-1984
Box   9
Folder   3
Matthews, Herbert L., 1973-1977
Box   9
Folder   4
Meeropol, Abel, 1977-1978
Box   9
Folder   5
Mendelson, Maurice, 1977-1982
Box   9
Folder   6
Menuhin, Moshe, 1967, 1969
Box   9
Folder   7
Miller, Arthur, 1960-1965
Box   9
Folder   8
Miller, Gabriel, 1977-1985
Box   9
Folder   9
Paper on The Symbol and The Sex Symbol, undated
Box   9
Folder   10
N - General
Box   9
Folder   11
Navasky, Victor S., 1966-1985
Note: Includes transcript of blacklisting symposium with John Henry Faulk, Ring Lardner, Jr., Millard Lampell, January 22, 1967.
Box   9
Folder   12
Noble, Iris, 1969-1982, undated
Box   9
Folder   13
O - General
Box   9
Folder   14
Obadal, Richard Simon, 1977-1978
Box   9
Folder   15
Ortiz, Jorge Diaz, 1965-1971
Box   9
Folder   16
P - General
Box   9
Folder   17
Peet, John and Georgia, 1966-1983
Box   10
Folder   1
Pozner, Vladimir, 1972-1983
Box   10
Folder   2-3
Prenn, Samuel B., 1973-1983
Box   10
Folder   4
R - General
Box   10
Folder   5
Rabinovitch, John David, 1981-1985
Box   10
Folder   6
Raskin, Gene and Francesca, 1969-1981
Box   10
Folder   7
Robbins, Albert (VALB), 1972-1977
Box   10
Folder   8
Robinson, LeRoy, 1977-1981
Box   10
Folder   9
Rojas, Carlos, 1970-1974
Box   10
Folder   10
Rosenstone, Robert A., 1964-1975
Rumsey, Susan L.
Box   10
Folder   11
1978-1981
Box   11
Folder   1
1982-1985
Box   11
Folder   2-3
S - General
Box   11
Folder   4
Sawada, Noriko (widow of Harry Bridges), 1983-1984
Box   11
Folder   5
Schlichting, Alexan et al., 1961-1966
Box   11
Folder   6
Seldes, George, 1968-1985
Box   11
Folder   7
Sentz, Ross G., 1979-1981
Box   11
Folder   8
Shedd, Margaret, 1974-1983
Box   11
Folder   10
Sherman, Jory, 1966-1968, 1975, 1978, 1981
Box   11
Folder   9
Shifrin, Roy, 1978-1981
Box   11
Folder   11
Solomon, Barbara Proust, 1975-1984
Box   12
Folder   1
Stevenson, Janet, 1978-1979
Box   12
Folder   2
Stewart, Cameron, 1965-1968
Box   12
Folder   3-5
Sullivan, Monica, 1976-1978?
Box   44
Postcards, 1978-1985
Box   12
Folder   7
T - General
Box   12
Folder   8
Terkel, Studs, 1976-1983
Box   12
Folder   9-10
U-V - General
Box   12
Folder   11
Vail, Earl F., 1977-1982
Box   12
Folder   12
Vallejo, Felipe, 1969-1972
Box   12
Folder   13
W - General
Box   12
Folder   14
Wallach, Hy (VALB), 1975-1976
Box   12
Folder   15
Winans, A.D., 1984-1985
Box   12
Folder   16
Winter, Nina, 1979-1982
Wolff, Milton
Box   12
Folder   17
1953-1970
Box   13
Folder   1
1971-1980
Box   13
Folder   2
Wolin, Merle, 1977-1982, undated
Box   13
Folder   3
Wyatt, Fred, 1968-1981
Box   13
Folder   5
Y-Z - General
Zinnamon, Jerrold I.
Box   13
Folder   6
1959, 1965, 1975
Note: Includes “Chronicle of Terror,” Mimeo script by Jerrold I. Zinnamon, undated, and typed outline for “Faces of Evil.”
Box   13
Folder   7-10
1977-1983
Box   14
Folder   1
Bessie-Trumbo “contretemps,” 1970-1971
Box   14
Folder   2
Thesis, 1978
Box   14
Folder   3
Unidentified correspondence
Subseries: Subject Correspondence
Box   14
Folder   4
Academy of Independent Scholars, 1978-1982
Agents, 1966-1979
Box   14
Folder   5-6
General, 1966-1979
Box   14
Folder   7
Abrahams, Williams, 1976-1983
Box   15
Folder   1
Alcoholism film project, 1977-1978
Box   15
Folder   2
Associated writing programs, 1978
Box   15
Folder   3
Birthday cards, 1984-1985
Box   15
Folder   4
Bread and a Stone, 1941-1983
Box   15
Folder   5
British Broadcasting Company, 1962-1973
Box   15
Folder   6
Buro fur Urheber-Rechte, 1961-1969
Box   15
Folder   7
Cellartemps, 1974-1977
Box   15
Folder   8
Chandler and Sharp, 1974-1976
Box   15
Folder   9
Condolences and sympathy letters to Sylviane, 1985-1987
Curtis Brown, Ltd.
Box   15
Folder   10
General, 1969
Box   15
Folder   11
Elizabeth Mowat, 1965-1969
Martha Winston
Box   15
Folder   12-14
1962-1966
Box   16
Folder   1-2
1967-1970
Box   16
Folder   3
Dilia (Czechoslovakian publisher), 1960-1981
Box   16
Folder   4
Dwell in the Wilderness, 1935-1948
Editors and publishers
Box   16
Folder   5-11
A-K
Box   17
Folder   1-4
L-W
Box   17
Folder   5-7
Endorsements and sponsorships, 1955-1984
Box   17
Folder   8
The Enemy Among Us television project, 1980-1981
Box   17
Folder   9
Fan letters, 1941-1983
Box   18
Folder   1
Film Comment, 1965-1973
Box   18
Folder   2
Filmsense, Inc., 1969-1970
Box   18
Folder   3
Film projects, miscellaneous, 1958-1977
Box   18
Folder   4
Florida Atlantic University, 1978-1980
Box   18
Folder   5
Ford Foundation, 1959
Freedom of Information
Box   18
Folder   6
Correspondence, 1976-1980
Box   18
Folder   7-10
Documents received via FOIA, 1948-1972
Box   19
Folder   1
Miscellany
Box   19
Folder   2
Frontier, 1960-1963
Box   19
Folder   3-4
The Good Fight, 1984-1985
Box   19
Folder   5
The Good Fight (VALB documentary), 1980-1984
Box   19
Folder   6
Grant applications, 1961-1984
Box   19
Folder   7
Heart attack, 1966
Box   19
Folder   8
Heart of Spain, 1942, 1950-1952
Box   19
Folder   9
Hecht, Joe, article for New Masses, 1943-1945
Box   19
Folder   10
Hemingway, Ernest, regarding Fifth Column, 1940
Box   19
Folder   11
Henschelverlag (German publisher), 1972-1976
Box   20
Folder   1
Hollywood on Trial, 1976
Box   20
Folder   2
Hollywood Ten (Penumbrum Films documentary), 1982-1985
Box   20
Folder   3
Hollywood Ten paper by Suzanne Osredker, 1985
Box   20
Folder   4
Hollywood Ten thesis by William J. Falk, 1978
Box   20
Folder   5
The Hostages, 1969-1970
Box   20
Folder   6
Humanitas Prize, 1974-1975
Box   20
Folder   7
Hungarian publishers, 1968-1982
Box   20
Folder   8
hungry i (unfair labor practices suit), 1963-1964
Box   20
Folder   9
Indian rock art grant proposal, 1978-1979
Box   20
Folder   10
International Brigade documentary, 1982-1983
Box   20
Folder   11
In These Times, 1977-1981
Box   20
Folder   12
International writers meeting in Berlin, 1965
Inquisition in Eden
Box   20
Folder   13
1962-1964
Box   22
Folder   1-3
1965-1975
Box   21
Folder   4
The Limelighters, 1961
Box   21
Folder   5
Das Magazine, 1961-1973
Box   21
Folder   6
Marin Life, 1976-1977
Box   21
Folder   7
Medical correspondence (Kaiser Group), 1975-1985
Men in Battle/Spain Again
Box   21
Folder   8
General, 1939-1943
Box   21
Folder   9
Chandler/Sharp, 1973-1980
Box   21
Folder   10
Ediciones ERA Publishers (Mexico), 1966-1983
Box   21
Folder   11
Seven Seas Books, 1959-1960
Box   21
Folder   12
The Nation (includes Carey McWilliams), 1972-1980
Box   21
Folder   13
National Guardian, 1961-1965
Box   21
Folder   14
National Endowment for the Arts, 1976-1984
Box   21
Folder   15
National Writers Union, 1982-1985
One For My Baby
Box   22
Folder   1
Correspondence, 1961-1964
Box   22
Folder   2
Research and reviews, 1962-1981
Box   22
Folder   3
Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1984-1985
Box   22
Folder   4
Pacific area travel project, 1964
Box   22
Folder   5
Pacific Arts and Utters award, 1984
Box   22
Folder   6
La Pasionara (Dolores Ibarruri), 1978
Box   22
Folder   7
Personal appearances and speeches, 1947-1973, 1978-1979
Box   22
Folder   8
Pinnacle Books, 1976-1979
Box   22
Folder   9
Positif, 1961-1961
Box   22
Folder   10-12
Protest letters, 1946-1983
Box   23
Folder   1-2
Research requests, 1949-1982
Box   23
Folder   3
Rosenberg support projects, 1976, 1985
Box   23
Folder   4
San Francisco International Film Festival (Irving M. Levin), 1963-1965
Box   23
Folder   5
San Francisco Mime Troop, 1965
Box   23
Folder   6
San Francisco Review of Books, 1979
Box   23
Folder   7
Screen Writers Guild dispute over credit for Smart Woman, 1943-1948
Seven Seas Books
Box   23
Folder   8-9
Gertrude Gelbin Heym, 1960-1977
Box   23
Folder   10
Kay Pankey, 1970-1975
Box   23
Folder   11
Social Security, 1965-1985
Solo Flight
Box   23
Folder   12
Chandler and Sharp, 1980-1986
Box   23
Folder   13
Concepts and content, 1981-1982
Box   23
Folder   14
Contributors, 1981-1982
Box   23
Folder   15
Fundraising, 1981-1982
Box   24
Folder   1
Reception, 1982-1983
Box   24
Folder   2
Spain Again, Miscellany, 1979-1981
Note: See also Men in Battle.
The Symbol
Box   24
Folder   3-6
Correspondence, 1960-1973
Box   24
Folder   7
Credit dispute, 1973-1974
Box   24
Folder   8
Curtis Brown regarding Symbol/S-Bomb, 1965-1968
Box   24
Folder   9-10
Reprints and ABC Movie of the Week, 1972-1975
Box   24
Folder   11
Producers and directors, 1966-1970
Box   24
Folder   12
Spanish edition, 1974-1984
Box   24
Folder   13
This Is Your Enemy, 1942-1944
Box   25
Folder   1
Thompson, Robert, circa 1953
The Un-Americans
Box   25
Folder   2
General, 1947-1965, 1985
Box   25
Folder   3-5
Cameron and Kahn, 1953-1962
Box   25
Folder   6
Unemployment, 1963-1974
Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade (VALB)
Box   25
Folder   7-8
General, 1954-1985
Box   25
Folder   9
VALB and Jews, 1979-1980
Box   25
Folder   10
The Volunteers film project, 1971-1972
Box   25
Folder   11
Volk und Welt publishers, 1961-1971
Box   25
Folder   12
Wakeford/Orloff (Dan Bessie), 1969
Box   25
Folder   12a
Wallace and Sheil Agency, 1980-1981
Box   25
Folder   13
Workman Publishing Company (regarding Bette Davis), 1978-1979
Box   26
Folder   1
Writers Guild of America, 1973-1977
Box   26
Folder   2
Young, Nedrick, 1968-1969
Series: Hollywood Ten Records
Box   26
Folder   3
District Court brief (annotated by Alvah Bessie)
Box   26
Folder   4
Correspondence, 1947-1973
Box   26
Folder   5-6
Publicity material, 1947-1964
Box   26
Folder   7
Shrine meeting, October 15, 1947
Box   26
Folder   8
Hollywood Fights Back, 1947
Box   26
Folder   9
“The Way We Really Were,” 1974
Box   26
Folder   10
Statements and speeches
CB 015
The Hollywood Ten, film about the Hollywood Ten
Series: Writings
Micro 912
Articles (Non-fiction)
Note: Filmed without a counter.
Reel   1
In These Times, 1976-1978
Reel   1
Marin Life (“Commentary”), 1976-1977
Reel   1
New Masses, 1940-1947
Reel   1
People's World, 1946-1968
Reel   1
Weekly Review, “The Root of It,” 1942-1943
General chronological file
Reel   1
1930-1965
Reel   2
1966-1980, undated
U.S. Mss 59AN
Books
Box   27
Folder   1
Alvah Bessie's Short Fiction, Introduction
Bread and a Stone
Box   27
Folder   2-4
Typewritten draft by Alvah Bessie (annotated), circa 1940
Box   27
Folder   5-6
Published volumes, 1941, 1948, 1983
Box   27
Folder   7
Research
HB 444-449
Hard Traveling, Film written and directed by Dan Bessie based on Bread and a Stone, 1985
Note

Shire Films, 1985. Written and directed by Dan Bessie. Produced by Helen Garvy.

Set in California in 1940, this is a love story told in flashback between an intelligent widow with two young sons and a sensitive illiterate laborer. The couple marries and soon after, he is arrested for murder and then is executed. Stars J.E. Freeman, Ellen Geer, and Barry Corbin.

U.S. Mss 59AN
Box   28
Folder   1
Dwell in the Wilderness, Published volume, 1935
The Free World
Box   28
Folder   2
Prison Love Song and Other Captive Verse, Mimeo draft (annotated), 1950-1951
Box   28
Folder   3
Typed draft, circa 1950-1951
The Free World (Novel)
Box   28
Folder   4
Preliminary material, circa 1954, 1966, undated
Box   28
Folder   5
Draft of first 100 pages, 1966
Box   28
Folder   6
“Checkpoint,” Typed draft by Julian Leonard, 1966
Box   28
Folder   7
Research and rough material, notes, undated
The Good Fight
Box   28
Folder   8
Prospectus, 1985
Box   29
Folder   1-3
Original manuscript
Box   29
Folder   4
Cut material
The Heart of Spain
Box   29
Folder   5-7
Typed draft, 1952
Box   29
Folder   8
Cut material
Box   29
Folder   1
Inquisition in Eden
Box   30
Folder   1-3
“The Real Tinsel,” Typed first draft (annotated), 1962-1963
Box   30
Folder   4-5
“The Humblest Hour,” 2nd draft (annotated), 1963-1964
Box   30
Folder   6
Notes, deletions, corrections, circa 1965
Box   30
Folder   7
Unpublished chapter, circa 1965
Box   30
Folder   8-9
Seven Seas paper back edition, 1967
Box   30
Folder   10
Foreign language editions
Box   30
Folder   11
Published Russian excerpts
Men in Battle/Spain Again
Box   31
Folder   1
Printed version of second edition, 1954
Box   31
Folder   2
Reprint, first draft, 1968
Box   31
Folder   3
Reprint, revised edition of first draft, 1968-1974
Box   31
Folder   4-5
Typesetter's copy, 1974
Box   31
Folder   6
Paperback edition, 1977
Box   32
Folder   1
Foreign language editions, 1969, 1980
Box   32
Folder   2
Revisions and cut materials
Box   32
Folder   3
Photo research
One for My Baby
Box   32
Folder   4
“Night People,” Typed draft of first 90 pages by Dan Noble, circa 1959
Box   32
Folder   5
Typed second draft, 1961
Box   32
Folder   6-8
Typed revision, 1961-1962
Second revision, 1962-1965
Box   32
Folder   9
Pages 1-113
Box   33
Folder   1-2
Pages 114-321
Box   33
Folder   3-5
Final typed revision
Box   33
Folder   6
Notes and cut material
Box   33
Folder   7
The Serpent Was More Subtil (short novel), Typed draft (annotated), 1968
The Symbol
Box   33
Folder   8-9
“The S Bomb,” Typed draft (annotated), 1964-1965
Carbon draft, 1967
Box   33
Folder   10
Part I
Box   34
Folder   1
Part II
Box   34
Folder   2
Galley proof (corrected pages only), 1967
Box   34
Folder   3-6
Foreign editions
Box   35
Folder   1
Solo Flight, Incomplete typed draft, 1940
Box   35
Folder   2
Songs of Bilitis, Volume translated by Alvah Bessie, 1926
The Un-Americans
Box   35
Folder   4
Outline, 1947
Box   35
Folder   5-8
Typed draft (annotated), 1952-1954
Box   36
Folder   1-2
Foreign language editions
Box   35
Folder   3
“Wasteland,” Novel prospectus, undated
Films
Box   36
Folder   3
“An American Hero,” Story idea by Alvah Bessie, 1945
“Angel and the Grave”
Box   36
Folder   4
“Killer's Grave,” Typed script by Lenny Bruce, undated
Box   36
Folder   5
Typed draft (annotated) by Lenny Bruce (Alvah Bessie), undated
Box   36
Folder   6
“Cross of Gold,” Treatment, undated
Box   37
Folder   4
“Dissolve To,” Treatment by Alvah Bessie, undated
Box   36
Folder   7
“Early Bird,” Mimeo treatment by Tom Chapman and Alvah Bessie, 1949
Box   36
Folder   8
Educational shorts, 1956-1980
Box   37
Folder   1
Espana Otra Vez (Spain Again), Mimeo script (annotated) and revisions
Box   37
Folder   2
“Father Punish Me,” Typed script (annotated) by Lenny Bruce and Alvah Bessie, 1959
Box   37
Folder   3
“The Degenerate!”, Mimeo script by Lenny Bruce and Alvah Bessie, 1959
Box   37
Folder   5
“The Ghosts of Berchtesgaden,” Treatment by Alvah Bessie, Howard Koch, and Emmet Lavery, 1945
Box   37
Folder   6
“The Golden Calf,” Mimeo treatment by Alvah Bessie, 1946
The Hostages
Box   37
Folder   7
Typed first draft (annotated), 1969
Box   37
Folder   8
Second draft (revisions of November 10, 1969 - January 12, 1970)
Box   37
Folder   9
Third draft (revisions of January 26 - February 17, 1970)
Box   37
Folder   10
Fourth draft (revisions of December, 1970 - January, 1971)
Box   37
Folder   11
Hotel Berlin, Typed draft by Jo Pagano and Alvah Bessie, 1944
Box   37
Folder   12
“I Should Cry,” Mimeo treatment, undated
In Time for Peace
Box   37
Folder   13
Typed script by Alvah Bessie, 1948
Box   37
Folder   13
Mimeo script, 1948
Box   38
Folder   1
“Invasion,” Mimeo outline by Jo Pagano and Alvah Bessie, 1944
Joaquin
Box   38
Folder   2
Outline (annotated) by Alvah Bessie and Dan Bessie, 1973
Box   38
Folder   3
Typed draft (annotated) by Alvah Bessie, October 10 - December 15, 1974
Box   38
Folder   4
Mimeo script, circa 1974
Box   38
Folder   5
Deleted pages, undated
Keep Your Nose Down
Box   38
Folder   6
Treatment by Alvah Bessie, 1945
Box   38
Folder   7
Typed script by Alvah Bessie, 1945-1946
The Last Volunteer
Box   40
Folder   4
“Class of '37,” Treatment by Arthur Landis, 1972
Box   40
Folder   5
“The Volunteers,” Typed script by Arthur Landis, 1973
Box   40
Folder   6
Treatment by Alvah Bessie, 1972
Box   40
Folder   7
Incomplete typed draft, undated
Box   40
Folder   8
Typed draft, February 25, 1974
Box   40
Folder   9
Typed script by Alvah Bessie, Landis, (and Dan Bessie?)
Box   40
Folder   10
Mimeo script by Alvah Bessie and Arthur Landis, undated
Box   38
Folder   8
“The Last Volunteer,” Mimeo script by Alvah Bessie, Dan Bessie, and Arthur Landis, 1975
Box   38
Folder   9
“Love in Our Time,” Outline, 1946
Box   38
Folder   10
Northern Pursuit, Mimeo script by Alvah Bessie and Frank Gruber, April-June 1943
Objective Burma
Box   38
Folder   11
Original story by Alvah Bessie, 1944
Box   38
Folder   12
Mimeo script by Ranald MacDougall and Lester Cole, April-May 1944
“One For My Baby”
Box   39
Folder   1
Typed script (annotated) by Alvah Bessie, June 15, 1972
Box   39
Folder   2
Revisions from missing second draft
Box   39
Folder   3
Typed third draft script, 1972
Box   39
Folder   4
“The Only Child,” Two treatments by David Daniels, 1958
Box   39
Folder   6
“Rip Van Winkle,” Outline, 1973
Box   39
Folder   5
Ruthless. “Prelude to Night,” Mimeo script by Alvah Bessie (annotated), April-July 1946
Box   39
Folder   7
“The S Bomb,” Mimeo script by Jerrold Zinnamon, undated
Box   39
Folder   8
Scenarios (“The Frightened Pilot,” “The Gold Bug,” “The Three Bears”), 1945-1951
Smart Woman
Box   39
Folder   9
Third draft script by Alvah Bessie, September 8, 1947
Box   39
Folder   10
Mimeo script by Alvah Bessie, Louis Morheirn, and Herbert Margolis, (with multiple revisions to November 11, 1947)
Box   39
Folder   11
“Spider Web,” Typed translation by Alvah Bessie, 1945
Box   39
Folder   12
“This is Your Home,” Script by Alvah Bessie, undated
Box   39
Folder   13
“The Un-Americans,” Typed script by Alvah Bessie, undated
Box   40
Folder   1
“Undertow,” Typed script by Alvah Bessie and Leonhard Frank, March 13, 1945
The Very Thought of You
Box   40
Folder   2
Typed script by Alvah Bessie, August 16, 1943
Box   40
Folder   3
Mimeo script by Alvah Bessie and Delmer Daves, March 2-4, 1944
Box   41
Folder   1
“Without Fear or Favor,” Typed treatment by Alvah Bessie, October 19, 1943
Miscellaneous writings
Box   41
Folder   2
Courses taught, undated
Box   41
Folder   3
International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union, Pamphlets and press releases, 1951-1956
Box   41
Folder   4
Letters to the editor
Box   41
Folder   5
Poetry
Box   41
Folder   6
San Francisco International Film Festival, Press releases, 1964
Micro 912
Reel   2
Scrapbook of writings in mixed genre, 1921-1955
U.S. Mss 59AN
Radio
Box   42
Folder   1
Thirty Minute Theatre, “The Best Policy,” Mimeo script by Alvah Bessie, March 5, 1963
Box   42
Folder   2
“Words Are Bullets,” New Masses broadcast, January 3, 1943
The Un-Americans
Box   42
Folder   3
Mimeographed Czech radio script, 1975
Box   42
Folder   4
Typed BBC radio script (annotated) by Alvah Bessie, 1963-1964
Box   42
Folder   5
Typed East German radio script, 1974
Micro 912
Reviews of Bessie's writings
Note: See also Reel 1, Segment 2.
Books
Reel   2
Bread and a Stone
Reel   2
Dwell in the Wilderness
Reel   2
Heart of Spain
Reel   2
Inquisition in Eden
Reel   3
Inquisition in Eden (continued)
Reel   3
Men In Battle
Reel   3
One For My Baby
Reel   3
The Un-Americans
Reel   3
Films
Reel   3
Short Stories
Television
Reel   3
The Sex Symbol
Reel   3
God in Asia
Reviews by Bessie
Book reviews
Reel   4
Brooklyn Daily Eagle, 1936-1937, undated
Reel   4
People's World, 1948-1968
Reel   4
Saturday Review of Literature, 1931-1935, undated
Reel   4
Scribner's, 1931-1935, undated
Reel   5
General book reviews, 1931-1983
Film reviews, 1940-1942
Reel   5
New Masses, 1940-1942
Reel   5
People's World, 1955-1964
Reel   5
General film reviews, 1942, 1960-1966
Theatre reviews
Reel   5
New Masses, 1939-1943
Reel   5
People's World, 1956-1966
U.S. Mss 59AN
Short stories
Box   41
Folder   8-9
1929-1977, undated
Box   41
Folder   10-11
“American Underground” (two versions)
Box   41
Folder   12
Japanese translation of “Soldier, Soldier”
Speeches
Box   42
Folder   6-8
General, 1943-1983
Box   42
Folder   9-10
Speeches on Spain, 1946-1983
1264A/1
Recording of Bessie's HUAC testimony, October 28, 1947
Note: Also Disc 201A.
U.S. Mss 59AN
Television
Box   42
Folder   11
Bread and a Stone, Slovak language script, circa 1976-1978
Box   42
Folder   12
“I Can't Sleep,” Three draft scripts by Alvah Bessie, 1965
Box   42
Folder   13
“The Owl-Glass Mystery,” Typed script by Alvah Bessie, 1974
The Symbol
Box   43
Folder   1
Outline, pre-January 29, 1973 draft
Box   43
Folder   2
Outline, January 29, 1973 draft
Box   43
Folder   3
Rough draft with notes
Box   43
Folder   4
Typed draft by Alvah Bessie, February-July 1973
Box   43
Folder   5
Typed draft, post July 1973
Box   43
Folder   6
Typed draft with network notes, August 1973
Box   43
Folder   7
Mimeo shooting script, November 26-30, 1973
Box   43
Folder   8
“To Kill A Man,” Typed treatment by David E. Daniels and Helen Clare Nelson (two versions), 1948, 1960
Box   43
Folder   9
“The Un-Americans,” Typed script by Alvah Bessie, 1961
Theatre
Are You Now, or Have You Ever Been
Box   43
Folder   10
Typed script by Alvah Bessie, 1966
Box   43
Folder   11
Typed script by Alvah Bessie and John Hancock; research, undated