Bruce Barton Papers, 1881-1967

Container Title
Tape 919A
Part 1 (SC 1220, Tape 919A, PH SC 1220): Original Collection, 1970-1981
Physical Description: 0.1 c.f. (1 folder), 8 tape recordings, and 1 photograph 
Scope and Content Note

The Williams interviews concern the general history of the community and area of Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin. Topics mentioned are agriculture, local mills and other places of employment, railroads, education, clamming and related button making, floods, entertainment, the Ringling Brothers circus, and area families. Included in the John Schwert interview (tape no. 3) is his violin playing of tunes and music common to the area, and another violin music broadcast by Charles Wacouta is present on tape no. 6.

The folder in the collection contains abstracts summarizing the interviews' contents by counter segments of each tape. These abstracts are also reproduced in the Contents List below.

Williams' interviewees include:

  • Barrette, John Henry (tape no. 1)
  • Biehl, Grace (Mrs. John) (tape no. 7)
  • Cardine, Godfrey (“Lou”) (tape no. 3)
  • Clark, William S. (“Bill”) (tape no. 4)
  • David, Clarence L. (tape no. 2)
  • Fuka, Charles K. (tape nos. 5-6)
  • Harding, Roy (tape no. 3)
  • Jaynes, Clarence, and Cora Lessard Jaynes (tape nos. 4-5)
  • Johnson, Glenn E. (tape no. 2)
  • Kennedy, Bernard A. (tape no. 1)
  • LaRiviere, Daniel (tape no. 2)
  • Lechnir, Mr. and Mrs. Wencil C. (tape no. 6)
  • Lucey, Joseph P., Gays Mills, Wisconsin (tape no. 5)
  • Myers, Lena D. (tape no. 3)
  • Oswald, Irvin (tape no. 1)
  • Perrine, Richard (tape no. 2)
  • Phetteplace, Joseph A., Wauzeka, Wisconsin (tape no. 4)
  • Plihal, Cyril A. (tape no. 7)
  • Schoeffer, Henry (tape no. 4)
  • Schwert, John (tape no. 3)
  • Sebastian, Leonard (tape no. 6)
  • Slayton, Leita Twining, Gays Mills, Wisconsin (tape no. 5)
  • Stuckey, Frank (tape no. 6)
  • Swingle, Daniel H. (tape no. 1)
  • Swingle, Lawrence (tape no. 7)
  • Wachute, Charles (or Wacouta) (tape no. 6)
  • Welsh, Della (tape no. 2 and no. 4)
  • Youngblood, Jessie C. (tape no. 2)
  • Segment of a 1975 cable TV telecast featuring local residents (tape no. 6)
  • Several individuals translating documents held at Villa Louis from French to English (tape no. 5)
PH SC 1220
Photograph
SC 1220
Abstracts of Interviews by Williams
Tape 919A
Recorded Interviews
No.   8
Interview with Williams by Dale Treleven, 1981
Note: There is no abstract for this interview.
Williams Interviews, 1970-1979
John Henry Barrette, Fall of 1970; April 26, 1971
No./Side   1/1
Segment   01-020
Introduction to the Background of Griff Williams (Interviewer)
No./Side   1/1
Segment   021-039
Barrette Family Background; Originally from Canada
No./Side   1/1
Segment   040-050
Old Bridgeport Ferry, Run by Members of Barrette Family
No./Side   1/1
Segment   051-058
Life during Youth on Farm North of Prairie du Chien, on Wall Ridge
No./Side   1/1
Segment   059-080
At Age 18, Moves to Prairie du Chien; Runs Gas Station and Sells Motorcycles
No./Side   1/1
Segment   081-100
Describes “Weniger's Mill” on North Main Street; Artesian Powered
No./Side   1/1
Segment   101-120
Describes Mosier's Mill in Mill Coulee, North of Prairie du Chien
No./Side   1/1
Segment   121-132
Indian Mission School at Bridgeport Involves Additional Family History
No./Side   1/1
Segment   133-151
Relatives Live in Area of Second Fort Crawford Firing Range on East Cass Street
No./Side   1/1
Segment   152-185
Reminiscences about the 1965 Flood and Other Periods of High Water, Including Theories of the Effects of Dams Built in the River
No./Side   1/1
Segment   186-205
Log Harbor and Lumber Mill Located in 4th Ward of Prairie du Chien
No./Side   1/1
Segment   206-234
Recollection of Flash Flood of 1916 in Marquette, Iowa
No./Side   1/1
Segment   235-256
Discussion of Old Log Houses Remaining in Prairie du Chien, Plus More about Water Levels
No./Side   1/1
Segment   257-302
Uses a “Horsepower” to Operate Threshing Rig and Saw Wood
No./Side   1/1
Segment   303-332
Discussion of the “Logan House” and Other Log Houses in Prairie du Chien
No./Side   1/1
Segment   333-372
Memories of Land Use Along the River, and Some Opinions on Ecology
No./Side   1/1
Segment   373-390
Discussion of Paddlewheel Steamers, an Old Elevator, and Diamond Joe's Warehouse
No./Side   1/1
Segment   391-410
Locations of Some Artesian Wells in City of Prairie du Chien, Including Courthouse Lawn
No./Side   1/1
Segment   411-427
Lakes and Ponds Located at Foot of Bluffs on East Edge of City
No./Side   1/1
Segment   428-446
Barrette Relates Indian Massacre at Sugar Loaf as It Was Related to Him
No./Side   1/1
Segment   447-466
“Judge” Long's Home Located Near Bluffs, Probably Smrcina Farm
No./Side   1/1
Segment   467-577
Memories of Days as a Clammer-Pearl Hunter, and Tips on Clamming
No./Side   1/1
Segment   578-678
Information on Early Families and Settlements in This Area Plus Information on the Barrette Family in the Area
No./Side   1/1
Segment   679
End of Interview with John Henry Barrette
Bernard A. Kennedy, October 5, 1971
No./Side   1/1
Segment   680-691
Introduction and Start of Interview
No./Side   1/1
Segment   692-792
Kennedy Arrives in Prairie du Chien in 1929
Scope and Content Note: Recollection of his early days there and the beginning of its school system. Discussion of changes in operations since that time.
No./Side   1/1
Segment   793-822
Observations of Use of Authority in Teaching
No./Side   1/1
Segment   823-842
Statistics on Enrollment through the Years
No./Side   1/1
Segment   843-929
Observations on Young People, Communications, and Other Things
No./Side   1/1
Segment   930-1022
Size of the School Staff; Planning the Present High School
No./Side   1/1
Segment   1023-End
Discussion of Other Schools in Prairie du Chien
No./Side   1/2
Segment   000-020
Personal History, Background and Family
No./Side   1/2
Segment   021-062
Kennedy's Role in Alcohol Education in Wisconsin
Scope and Content Note: Kennedy was the first state president of the Association for Prevention of Alcoholism, now the Wisconsin Association for Prevention of Alcoholism.
No./Side   1/2
Segment   063-080
Thoughts on the Present and Future
No./Side   1/2
Segment   080
End of Interview with Bernard A. Kennedy
Irvin Oswald, March 14, 1972
No./Side   1/2
Segment   081-100
Introduction and Family Background
No./Side   1/2
Segment   101-171
The Family Mill on Gran Grae Creek and Floods That Forced the Family to Close It Down
Scope and Content Note: Also, how such mills were built and operated.
No./Side   1/2
Segment   172-180
Recollection of the Kickapoo Flood of 1951 and the Big Prairie du Chien Flood of 1965
No./Side   1/2
Segment   181-199
Conservation Practices, and More about Flooding of Gran Grae
No./Side   1/2
Segment   200-208
Changes in Farming Practices in This Area
No./Side   1/2
Segment   209-216
The Old Farming Community in the Gran Grae Valley
No./Side   1/2
Segment   217-225
Genz Was Miller for Dousman's Mill, Coulee Mill; Then, Built His Own in Gran Grae Valley
No./Side   1/2
Segment   226-250
Discussion of an Old Creamery on South Main Street in Prairie du Chien
Scope and Content Note: Also, discussion of dairy practices in old days.
No./Side   1/2
Segment   251-255
Changes in the Last Fifty Years
No./Side   1/2
Segment   256-283
Experiences as Owner of Steam Powered Threshing Rigs
No./Side   1/2
Segment   285-299
The Old Stage Line; the Wright's Ferry Settlement in Bridgeport Township
No./Side   1/2
Segment   300-315
Covered Bridge at Bridgeport and Its Replacement by a New Bridge
No./Side   1/2
Segment   316-350
Early History of Farm Bureau Activities in Crawford County
No./Side   1/2
Segment   351-364
Memories of Wauzeka Community
No./Side   1/2
Segment   365-375
Axe Handle Company in Prairie du Chien
No./Side   1/2
Segment   376-380
Prairie du Chien Brewery Produces Schwartz's Beer
No./Side   1/2
Segment   381-410
Weniger Mills: Plum Creek East of Eastman and Artesian Mill on North Main Street in Prairie du Chien
No./Side   1/2
Segment   411-426
Wildlife and Fishing on the Gran Grae Creek
No./Side   1/2
Segment   427-440
Use of Early Grain Harvesting Implements
No./Side   1/2
Segment   441-455
Fort Crawford, Butchering, and Military Road Feed Lots in the Gran Grae Area
No./Side   1/2
Segment   456-470
Grain Binder and Later Harvesting Methods
No./Side   1/2
Segment   471-490
Problems with Transportation in Southwest Wisconsin; Early Autos
No./Side   1/2
Segment   491-500
Use of Old Steam Powered Tractors
No./Side   1/2
Segment   501-507
Concluding Thoughts
No./Side   1/2
Segment   507-509
End of Interview with Irvin Oswald
Daniel H. Swingle, April 6, 1972
No./Side   1/2
Segment   510-524
Introductory Remarks
No./Side   1/2
Segment   525-554
History of the Swingle Homestead, the Swingle Family, and the Time the Ringling Family Lived There
No./Side   1/2
Segment   555-566
Reminiscences of the Ringling Family
No./Side   1/2
Segment   586-596
Discussion of Gokey Home, a Log House Across the Road East of Swingle Home
No./Side   1/2
Segment   597-634
Daniel Swingle Sells Island to Dillman Brothers
Scope and Content Note: The United States government bought most of the islands, which were used before dam built.
No./Side   1/2
Segment   635-650
Hauling Supplies Across the Mississippi River in Winter
No./Side   1/2
Segment   651-662
Cutting Wood Supplies for Heating
No./Side   1/2
Segment   663-733
Early Memories of the North Side of Prairie du Chien
No./Side   1/2
Segment   734-796
Undescribed
No./Side   1/2
Segment   797-820
Recollections of World War I Rationing and Milling Practices
No./Side   1/2
Segment   821-867
Discussion of French Town Settlement and School
No./Side   1/2
Segment   868-990
Swingle's Days as a Motorcycle Racer; the Villa Race Track
No./Side   1/2
Segment   991-End
Discussion of First Automobile and Important Dealers in Prairie du Chien
Scope and Content Note: Also, concluding comments.
No./Side   1/2
Segment   End
End of Interview with Daniel Swingle
Glenn E. Johnson, April 26, 1972
No./Side   2/1
Segment   000-006
Introductory Remarks
No./Side   2/1
Segment   007-122
Early Recollections of Prohibition Era
No./Side   2/1
Segment   123-140
Discussion of Mississippi River Gardens and Roadhouse
No./Side   2/1
Segment   141-196
Making Replicas of Projectile Points; Area Indian Artifacts in 4th Ward
No./Side   2/1
Segment   197-276
Johnson's Work in Lapidary; His Other Artisan Skills
No./Side   2/1
Segment   276
End of Interview with Glenn E. Johnson
Clarence L. David, November 5, 1972
No./Side   2/1
Segment   277-299
Introduction and Discussion of Family Background
No./Side   2/1
Segment   300-370
History of the Prairie City Canning Company and the Hilltop Area Containing Brisbois Graves
No./Side   2/1
Segment   371-400
Raising Vegetables for the Cannery
No./Side   2/1
Segment   401-440
David Starts as Full Time Cannery Employee in 1920
No./Side   2/1
Segment   441-508
Discussion of the Brand Names Produced and the Canning Process Itself
No./Side   2/1
Segment   509-554
Selling the Finished Products
No./Side   2/1
Segment   555-557
The “Shade Grown” Tobacco Experiment
No./Side   2/1
Segment   558-590
Sale of the Cannery's Farming Acreage for an Industrial Park
No./Side   2/1
Segment   0591-706
David's Personal Comments and Memories of Early Prairie du Chien
No./Side   2/1
Segment   706
End of Interview with Clarence L. David
Jessie C. Youngblood, September 25, 1972
No./Side   2/1
Segment   707-742
Introduction and Discussion of Family History
No./Side   2/1
Segment   743-750
Jessie's Father Is Elected Mayor of Prairie du Chien in 1926
No./Side   2/1
Segment   751-772
Father Operates First Electric Light Company in Prairie du Chien
No./Side   2/1
Segment   773-805
Discussion of History of Egg Case Factory in 4th Ward
No./Side   2/1
Segment   806-835
More Information on Electric Light Company and Its Sale to Interstate Power Company
No./Side   2/1
Segment   836-879
Jessie's Grandfather Is Builder of Pipe Organs
No./Side   2/1
Segment   880-914
Discussion of History of the Youngblood Family
No./Side   2/1
Segment   915-948
Leo Youngblood Works in Marquette Railroad Yards
No./Side   2/1
Segment   949-979
Reminiscences of “Wanamingo” Ferry Days
No./Side   2/1
Segment   980-End
Other Comments on Early Days in Prairie du Chien and School Days in Prairie du Chien High School
No./Side   2/1
Segment   End
End of Interview with Jessie C. Youngblood
Daniel LaRiviere, November 27, 1972
No./Side   2/2
Segment   001-025
Introduction and Information on Family
No./Side   2/2
Segment   026-040
Ownership and Measurement of Land in French Arpents
No./Side   2/2
Segment   041-062
Discussion of Ownership of Land in Bridgeport Area Where Parents Rented
No./Side   2/2
Segment   063-078
The Prairie du Chien Pants in Old Cornelius Building, and the Button Factory
No./Side   2/2
Segment   079-122
Dairying Operations Over 50 Years
Scope and Content Note: LaRiviere was supplier of milk to Campion students.
No./Side   2/2
Segment   123-142
Topography and Soil Types in Vineyard Coulee
Scope and Content Note: Sand used in manufacture of fertilizer.
No./Side   2/2
Segment   143-170
Sugarloaf Mountain and Eagle Mound
No./Side   2/2
Segment   171-175
Discussion of C.W. Beuthin Plumbing Company, and Conclusions
No./Side   2/2
Segment   175
End of Interview with Daniel LaRiviere
Richard Perrine, March 15, 1973
No./Side   2/2
Segment   190-200
Introduction and Discussion of River Levees
No./Side   2/2
Segment   201-214
Perrine Lives in Beached River Barge
No./Side   2/2
Segment   215-230
Lives in Old Dousman Hotel for Seven Years
No./Side   2/2
Segment   231-245
Reminiscences of Clamming and Pearling Days
No./Side   2/2
Segment   246-251
Slugs Are Cut from Clams in Button Factories
No./Side   2/2
Segment   252-454
Discussion of Moonshine Days in Prairie du Chien Area before and after Prohibition
No./Side   2/2
Segment   455-539
Commercial Fishing on the Mississippi River
No./Side   2/2
Segment   540-582
River Conditions before Lock and Dam Construction
No./Side   2/2
Segment   583-639
Perrine's Service Time in the United States Army of Occupation in the Philippines
No./Side   2/2
Segment   640-656
Discussion of Indian Sites and Artifacts
No./Side   2/2
Segment   657-667
Changes Occurring in Prairie du Chien during Perrine's Life There
No./Side   2/2
Segment   667
End of Interview with Richard Perrine
Della Welsh, February 28, 1974
No./Side   2/2
Segment   668-720
Introductory Remarks and Family History
No./Side   2/2
Segment   721-1026
Works as Secretary at Prairie du Chien Woolen Mill from 1911 to 1951
Scope and Content Note: Information on mill's early history and its operation over the years.
No./Side   2/2
Segment   1027-End
Grows Up in Prairie du Chien and Attends High School at St. Gabe's
Scope and Content Note: Reminiscences include references to the Dousman Residence, now Villa Louis.
No./Side   4/1
Segment   1006-End
Concluding Remarks
Scope and Content Note: Includes memories of early days of the Dousman era in Prairie du Chien and how the French celebrated New Years Day.
No./Side   4/1
Segment   End
End of Interview with Della Welsh
Lena D. Myers, May 16, 1973
No./Side   3/1
Segment   001-019
Introductory Remarks about Myers and Her Family History
No./Side   3/1
Segment   020-031
Mr. Myers, a Fruit and Grocery Salesman
No./Side   3/1
Segment   032-194
Lena Myer's History of Alexander McGregor
Scope and Content Note: McGregor arrived in Area in 1835, a pioneer of Prairie du Chien. Built ferry from Prairie du Chien to McGregor in 1840. Was representative in Wisconsin Territorial Legislature. Town of McGregor named after him.
No./Side   3/1
Segment   195-222
Discussion of McGregor Western Railway Directory, Dated 1867
No./Side   3/1
Segment   223-249
History of the McGregor Carriage Factory, Later to Be the Hospital
No./Side   3/1
Segment   250-275
Resumption of the History of the McGregor Family
No./Side   3/1
Segment   276-283
First Schools in McGregor Held in Carpenter Shop
No./Side   3/1
Segment   284-291
Methodist Congregation Founded; Big Church Built in 1873
No./Side   3/1
Segment   292-383
Resumption of McGregor Family History
Scope and Content Note: McGregor buried in Evergreen Cemetery in Prairie du Chien. Also, a discussion of changes brought about by expansion of the railroads.
No./Side   3/1
Segment   384-414
Early History of the Ringling Family in McGregor
Scope and Content Note: Lived in McGregor from 1860 to about 1872; then, lived in Prairie du Chien about one year.
No./Side   3/1
Segment   414
End of Interview with Lena D. Myers
Godfrey Louis (“Lou”) Cardine, May 30, 1973
No./Side   3/1
Segment   415-479
Introductory Remarks and Cardine Family History
No./Side   3/1
Segment   480-582
Cardine Works at Dousman Hotel in 1910
Scope and Content Note: Discussion of history of the hotel, other businesses in Prairie du Chien, and railroad schedules.
No./Side   3/1
Segment   583-626
History of Other Houses and Businesses in the 4th Ward
No./Side   3/1
Segment   627-692
Works on Railroads
Scope and Content Note: Discussion of Diamond Joe's Warehouse and the old grain elevator.
No./Side   3/1
Segment   693-747
Ferryboating Period in Prairie du Chien Ends
No./Side   3/1
Segment   748-781
Discussion of Floating Grocery Suppliers for Clammers
No./Side   3/1
Segment   782-850
Discussion of Shell Cutting Shops in 4th Ward and Other Parts of the City
No./Side   3/1
Segment   851-918
Reminiscences of Clamming and Pearl Buying Days
No./Side   3/1
Segment   919-1033
Discussion of 4th Ward French Volunteer Firemen's Association
No./Side   3/1
Segment   1034-1088
Some Short French Songs; More on the Firemen's Association
No./Side   3/2
Segment   001-014
Entertainment in Prairie du Chien during Cardine's Youth
No./Side   3/2
Segment   015-060
Memories of Villa Louis Activities
No./Side   3/2
Segment   061-066
Flood Periods on the Island
No./Side   3/2
Segment   067-076
Property of State Historical Society of Wisconsin in 4th Ward
No./Side   3/2
Segment   077-107
Ideas on Preservation, Flood Control and Other Problems of the 4th Ward
No./Side   3/2
Segment   107
End of Interview with Godfrey Louis (“Lou”) Cardine
Roy Harding, August 3, 1973
No./Side   3/2
Segment   108-115
Introduction and Harding's Family Background
No./Side   3/2
Segment   116-122
Harding's Birthplace Is on Present Campion Property
No./Side   3/2
Segment   123-143
Reminiscences on Childhood in Prairie du Chien's 4th Ward; Additional Information on Harding Family
No./Side   3/2
Segment   144-167
Discussion of Clamming and Pearl Hunting Days
No./Side   3/2
Segment   168-204
Works at Iroquois Pearl Button Company; Other Information about Pearl Button Industry
No./Side   3/2
Segment   205-218
Business Operations of the 4th Ward Area
No./Side   3/2
Segment   219-253
Volunteers for Service in World War I; Serves in Field Artillery
No./Side   3/2
Segment   254-493
Harding's Service with the A.E.F. in France during World War I
No./Side   3/2
Segment   494-503
After World War I, Works Part Time on the Kickapoo Railroad Line
No./Side   3/2
Segment   504-554
Works as a Postman
No./Side   3/2
Segment   554
End of Interview with Roy Harding
John Schwert, September 5, 1973
No./Side   3/2
Segment   555-570
Introduction and Family History
No./Side   3/2
Segment   571-590
Discussion of Early Days Farming on German (“Dutch”) Ridge
No./Side   3/2
Segment   591-640
Schwert Trains on Violin; Country Entertainment in His Youth
No./Side   3/2
Segment   641-667
Old Neighbors of the Dutch Ridge Area
No./Side   3/2
Segment   668-699
Discussion of Trading Areas; Cutting Cordwood for Sale
No./Side   3/2
Segment   700-710
Early Sawmill Operates One Mile West of Wauzeka
No./Side   3/2
Segment   711-835
Schwert Family Owns One of Early Grain Binders in Late 1800's
Scope and Content Note: Discussion of Other Early Harvesting Methods and of Area Merchants.
No./Side   3/2
Segment   836-End
Schwert Plays Selections on the Violin; Discusses Tunes and Music of the Area
No./Side   3/2
Segment   End
End of Interview with John Schwert
Henry Schoeffer, November 8, 1973
No./Side   4/1
Segment   001-017
Introduction and Family Background
No./Side   4/1
Segment   018-078
Origin of the Name “Vineyard Coulee” and Memories of Early Days in That Area
Scope and Content Note: Henry's Father Worked as a Coachman for Hercules Dousman.
No./Side   4/1
Segment   079-096
Attends St. Gabriel's Parochial School
No./Side   4/1
Segment   097-122
Early Owners of Property in East Blackhawk Area
No./Side   4/1
Segment   123-130
Ringling Brothers Parade in Prairie du Chien
No./Side   4/1
Segment   131-150
Entertainment during Schoeffer's Youth
No./Side   4/1
Segment   151-167
More on Ringling Brothers Parade and Circus
No./Side   4/1
Segment   168-192
Decides to Move to the West; Returns in 1944 to Prairie du Chien Area and Operates Farm Until Retirement
No./Side   4/1
Segment   192
End of Interview with Henry Schoeffer
Joseph A. Phetteplace, November 28, 1973
No./Side   4/1
Segment   193-214
Introductory Remarks and Phetteplace Family History
No./Side   4/1
Segment   215-247
Early Memories of Village of Wauzeka
No./Side   4/1
Segment   248-271
Floating Logs on the Kickapoo River for Diamond Joe Shipyard, Sawmill, and Box Factory Located at Wauzeka
No./Side   4/1
Segment   272-276
Village of Wauzeka Named after Fox Indian Chief
No./Side   4/1
Segment   277-285
Family Arrives in Wauzeka Area; More Family Backgrounds
No./Side   4/1
Segment   286-298
Baseball Is Number One Sport in Area in Early 1900's
No./Side   4/1
Segment   299-312
Discussion of Early Airplane Flights; Planes Moved by Train
No./Side   4/1
Segment   313-324
More on Area Baseball Teams and Tourneys
No./Side   4/1
Segment   325-370
Reminiscences of Kickapoo Railroad Line Days
No./Side   4/1
Segment   371-405
Discussion of the Period Around World War I and Changes Since Then
No./Side   4/1
Segment   406-428
Village of Wauzeka Built on Government Land
No./Side   4/1
Segment   429-477
Red Eagle and Other Indians of the Area
No./Side   4/1
Segment   478-500
Canoeing on the Kickapoo River
No./Side   4/1
Segment   501-530
Phetteplace's High School and College Days
No./Side   4/1
Segment   531-600
Apprentices in Pearl Inlay Work in Chicago during World War II
No./Side   4/1
Segment   601-615
His Unique Type of Mother-of-Pearl Inlay
No./Side   4/1
Segment   616-639
More Family Information; Phetteplace Returns to Wauzeka
No./Side   4/1
Segment   640-659
Develops and Operates Phetteplace Museum
No./Side   4/1
Segment   660-835
Problems Involved in Saving Museum, Art Works, and Mineral Collection for the Area; Phetteplace's Ideas on How to Solve Them
No./Side   4/1
Segment   836-940
Discussion of His Artworks and Other Inlay and Lapidary Projects
No./Side   4/1
Segment   941-952
His Is Largest Unendowed Museum in the United States
No./Side   4/1
Segment   953-995
His Basic Task Is Inlay on Musical Instruments
No./Side   4/1
Segment   996-1005
Closing Remarks
No./Side   4/1
Segment   1005
End of Interview with Joseph Phetteplace
Williams S. (“Bill”) Clark, January 31, 1974
No./Side   4/2
Segment   001-035
Introduction and Early Family Background
Scope and Content Note: Grandfather Ran Ferry across Wisconsin River at Walnut Eddy Hollow.
No./Side   4/2
Segment   036-054
Bill Clark Begins Railroad Career as Section Hand April 3, 1912
Scope and Content Note: Early Days at Work; Rails Without Tie Plates.
No./Side   4/2
Segment   055-059
The “Leedgerwood” Gravel Spreading Machine
No./Side   4/2
Segment   060-062
Works with Surfacing Gangs Leveling Track
No./Side   4/2
Segment   063-108
Discussion of Fuel and Water Supplies for the Old Steam Locomotives and Location of Coal Sheds and Water Tanks in the Prairie du Chien Area
No./Side   4/2
Segment   109-119
Has One of His Close Calls, 1914
No./Side   4/2
Segment   120-174
The “Speeder” and Other Track Patrolling Vehicles; and Some Other Close Calls and Accidents in Area
No./Side   4/2
Segment   175-186
Improvements on the Old Handcar Design
No./Side   4/2
Segment   187-197
Becomes Prairie du Chien Section Foreman, April 4, 1921; until 1959
No./Side   4/2
Segment   198-260
Does Special Duty as Extra Gang Foreman with “Gandy Dancers”; Experiences in Dealing with These Characters and Techniques of “Laying Steel” (Putting in New Rails)
No./Side   4/2
Segment   261-284
Washouts and Emergency Repairs to Road Beds
No./Side   4/2
Segment   285-340
Railroad Wrecks in the Area; Safety Devices
No./Side   4/2
Segment   341-419
Memories of Reverend W.K. Bodamer, Pastor at St. Peters Lutheran Church
No./Side   4/2
Segment   420-439
Recollection of Tragic Armistice Day Storm in 1940's
No./Side   4/2
Segment   440-490
Clark's Activity as a Lay Minister in the Area
No./Side   4/2
Segment   491-505
Thoughts on Education; Early Youth
No./Side   4/2
Segment   506-532
Is Now Retired from the Railroad But Still Busy at Church Work
No./Side   4/2
Segment   533-584
Some Human Interest Stories and Conclusion of Interview
No./Side   4/2
Segment   584
End of Interview with William S. (“Bill”) Clark
Clarence Jaynes and Cora (Lessard) Jaynes, March 29, 1974
No./Side   4/2
Segment   585-615
Introductory Remarks and Clarence Jaynes's Family Background
No./Side   4/2
Segment   616-720
Jaynes Moves to Prairie du Chien and Works at Prairie du Chien Brewery
No./Side   4/2
Segment   721-851
Leaves Brewery and Works at Old Woolen Mill; Discussion of Working Conditions at the Mill
No./Side   4/2
Segment   852-End
Cora Lessard Jaynes's Family Background
Scope and Content Note: Was born North of Prairie du Chien on farm in Mill Coulee. Grandmother of Lessard side Was half American Indian. Reminiscences of Frenchtown, work at Ahrens Dairy, and other things.
No./Side   5/1
Segment   001-034
Food Preparation by Housewife in Pre-Refrigeration Days
No./Side   5/1
Segment   035-063
Only Scattered Homes and Farms on the North Side of Prairie du Chien during the 1920's
Scope and Content Note: Also, discussion of first electricity and radio, and of early entertainment.
No./Side   5/1
Segment   063
End of Interview with Clarence Jaynes and Cora Lessard Jaynes
No./Side   5/1
Segment   071-275
Donald Munson, Curator of Villa Louis, Prairie du Chien, Jean-Pierre and Gabrielle D'houndt of France, and Mr. and Mrs. Roy Zimmerman, Rural Prairie du Chien Translating Old Documents from Villa Louis from French to English
Scope and Content Note: Most important is deed of 4th Ward property, Prairie du Chien, from Basil Giard to Joseph Rolette.
Joseph P. Lucey, April 30, 1974
No./Side   5/1
Segment   276-315
Introduction and Family Background; Relationship to Wisconsin Governor Patrick J. Lucey
No./Side   5/1
Segment   316-323
Days as Schoolboy at Mt. Sterling School
No./Side   5/1
Segment   324-349
Cyclone Damages Boma Ridge Area
No./Side   5/1
Segment   350-387
Old Settlers and Residents of Original Lucey Home Area; Comparison of Land Values Then and Today
No./Side   5/1
Segment   388-414
O'Neill Ridge Close to Joseph Lucey's Farm
Scope and Content Note: O'Neill Ridge was Irish Area; Norwegian settlers just North and West of Mt. Sterling.
No./Side   5/1
Segment   415-441
Operation of a “Horse Power” to Saw Wood and Grind Feed
No./Side   5/1
Segment   442-477
Reminiscences of Original Milling Operations in Gays Mills
Scope and Content Note: John Lucey, Patrick's grandfather, would return to Joseph's parents' farm to spend the night.
No./Side   5/1
Segment   478-547
Early Telephone Lines Put In; Problems with Operating Old Lines and Switchboards
Scope and Content Note: Joseph was a director with local telephone company.
No./Side   5/1
Segment   548-579
Serves 23 Years on Crawford County Draft Board
Note: Next interview begins with counter at 0755, which overlaps this interview.
No./Side   5/1
Segment   580-808
Reminiscences of World War I Years; Recollection of Service to Area by Doctor Thomas Farrell, Sr., Whose Office Was at Seneca
No./Side   5/1
Segment   809-869
Operating Problems with Model T Ford
No./Side   5/1
Segment   870-881
Owns First Tractor After World War II
No./Side   5/1
Segment   882-End
Works as Greg Lucey at Store in Ferryville
Scope and Content Note: Before Lynxville Dam was built in 1930's, during the time the islands logged off, sawmills stood at south edge of Ferryville.
No./Side   5/1
Segment   End
End of Interview with Joseph P. Lucey
Leita Twining Slayton, April 30, 1974
No./Side   5/1
Segment   755-815
Introduction and Family Background
No./Side   5/1
Segment   816-828
Description of Farm Area and Land Use Practices
No./Side   5/1
Segment   829-904
Ben Twining, Leita's Father, and Three Others Engage in an Orchard Project
Scope and Content Note: Ben also active in Rural Electrification Administration, conservation and similar projects.
No./Side   5/1
Segment   905-940
Memories of Early Automobiles; Twining's Auto Agency with Mitchell, Then Ford
No./Side   5/1
Segment   941-982
Leita's Mother's Family Name Is Hartford, from Kentucky Area
No./Side   5/1
Segment   983-1009
Ben Twining Is Foreman on Crew That Builds Lafarge Railroad Tunnel
Scope and Content Note: Information on Kickapoo Valley Line. Agent at Gays Mills was Charles Brandeis, whose wife was daughter of Hercules Dousman's first wife.
No./Side   5/1
Segment   1010-1032
Information on Original Mill Building at Gays Mill
No./Side   5/1
Segment   1033-1043
Old Steel Bridges on the Kickapoo River
No./Side   5/1
Segment   1044-1095
Changes in the Business Area of Gays Mills in Last 60 Years
No./Side   5/1
Segment   1096-End
Discussion of Tobacco Raising in North Crawford County Area
No./Side   5/2
Segment   001-039
More on Tobacco Raising in Gays Mills Area
No./Side   5/2
Segment   040-066
Rural Electrification Developments in Crawford County
No./Side   5/2
Segment   067-083
Leita's Career as a School Teacher
Scope and Content Note: Started in rural school on O'Neill Ridge, West of Gays Mills.
No./Side   5/2
Segment   084-093
Concluding Remarks
No./Side   5/2
Segment   093
End of Interview with Leita Twining Slayton
Charles K. Fuka, May 6, 1974
No./Side   5/2
Segment   094-110
Family Background and Early Names Given to South Prairie du Chien Area
No./Side   5/2
Segment   111-127
Old Railroad Roundhouse, and Bridge to Island West of F/S Fertilizer Plant
No./Side   5/2
Segment   128-140
Early Settlers in South Prairie du Chien Area
No./Side   5/2
Segment   141-146
Fuka's Father Gets First Job in Area Working with Horses and Race Track for Dousman Family
No./Side   5/2
Segment   147-154
More on Immediate Family Relationships
No./Side   5/2
Segment   155-181
Early Days in Vineyard Coulee Area
Scope and Content Note: Father cut wood in winter to sell in town; Charles had to help.
No./Side   5/2
Segment   182-211
Works Briefly with Ringling Brothers Circus
No./Side   5/2
Segment   212-230
Works Three Summers in Dakota Wheat Fields
No./Side   5/2
Segment   231-262
Sister Works for Mr. Barnum, Owner of 4th Ward Elevator
Scope and Content Note: Barnum experienced meteorite explosion on McGregor Bluff.
No./Side   5/2
Segment   263-284
Description of Operations of 4th Ward Grain Elevator
No./Side   5/2
Segment   285-299
Operates Farm in Area Settled by Parents after Five Years at La Crosse as a CB&Q Switchman
No./Side   5/2
Segment   300-316
Grape Vineyard Operations at Mouth of the Coulee
Scope and Content Note: Most of the produce was peddled house to house in Prairie du Chien.
No./Side   5/2
Segment   317-359
Description of Old Hop Growing Area in Lowertown Region
No./Side   5/2
Segment   360-432
Erosion from Hills Cause Ponds and Streams along the Bluffs to Fill Up, and Changes River
No./Side   5/2
Segment   433-456
Indian Mounds or Breastworks on Edge of Bluffs
No./Side   5/2
Segment   457-504
Indian Camp Grounds at Stuckey Farms
No./Side   5/2
Segment   505-537
Cox's Army Travels North along CB&Q Tracks
No./Side   5/2
Segment   538-603
Description of the Day of the Riot by Buffalo Bill Cody's Show Troupe
No./Side   5/2
Segment   604-624
Fuka Serves on Crawford County Board, 1st Ward, for 34 Years; Helps Establish Crawford County Fair
No./Side   5/2
Segment   625-633
Reminiscences of Later Years in Fuka's Career
No./Side   5/2
Segment   634-675
Old Vinegar Mill Once Located South of Present F/S Plant; Many Business Located in Lowertown Area Then
No./Side   5/2
Segment   676-707
Recollection of Old Prairie du Chien Brewery, and Harvesting Ice on Big Lake for the Brewery
No./Side   5/2
Segment   708-727
Works at Prairie du Chien Woolen Mills about Four Years Until Retirement
No./Side   5/2
Segment   728-750
Is Hurt at Woolen Mill and Treated by a Local Healer, the Father of Charles St. Jacque
No./Side   5/2
Segment   750
End of Interview Session (continued on June 3)
Charles K. Fuka, June 3, 1974 (continued from May 6)
No./Side   5/2
Segment   751-800
Fuka's Experiences Clamming on the Mississippi River
No./Side   5/2
Segment   801-821
Description of Ice House for Steamboats at York Landing, North of Iowa's Yellow River
No./Side   5/2
Segment   822-851
Discussion of Log Rafts, Pushed by River Steamers in 1700's
No./Side   5/2
Segment   852-892
Rafting on Channel at Foot of Prairie du Chien Bluffs
No./Side   5/2
Segment   893-938
Camping during Clamming Days, 1900 to 1904
No./Side   5/2
Segment   939-982
Discussion of Passenger Pigeons; Strange Story of a Homing Pigeon
No./Side   5/2
Segment   983-1010
Discussion of Mr. Rau, One of Civil War Veterans in Lowertown
No./Side   5/2
Segment   1011-1053
July 4th Celebrations during Fuka's Youth
No./Side   5/2
Segment   1054-End
Description of 1917 Armistice Celebration in Prairie du Chien
No./Side   6/1
Segment   001-019
Continuation of Description of Armistice Celebration in Prairie du Chien
No./Side   6/1
Segment   020-042
Discussion of Custom of Tolling the Church Bells; Discussion of Churches in Prairie du Chien
No./Side   6/1
Segment   043-059
Barn on Prairie City Canning Company Farm, York Street, Is Owned by Louis Dousman to House His Racing Horses
No./Side   6/1
Segment   060-063
Final Remarks
No./Side   6/1
Segment   063
End of Interview with Charles K. Fuka
Wencil C. Lechnir, June 29, 1974
No./Side   6/1
Segment   064-068
Introduction
No./Side   6/1
Segment   069-080
Lechnir's Grandfather, Joseph Sr., Buys Farm from Perry Gentile in 1871
Scope and Content Note: Also, details of early settlement of Lechnir family near Eastman.
No./Side   6/1
Segment   081-110
Gentile Builds “Fort” on Property as Protection from Raiding Indians
Scope and Content Note: Joseph Lechnir, Sr. passed this property to son Mike, who sold it to Joseph, Jr.
No./Side   6/1
Segment   111-152
Wencil Lechnir's Recollections of the Fort, or Walled Yard, in the Early 1900's
Scope and Content Note: Interior buildings were mainly of wood construction; details given.
No./Side   6/1
Segment   153-160
Wencil Lechnir Lives in Farmhouse West of Fort; Old Fort Not Occupied
No./Side   6/1
Segment   161-177
Information on St. Wenceslaus Church in Eastman
No./Side   6/1
Segment   178-190
Moves to Prairie du Chien in 1945; Works Primarily in Law Enforcement
No./Side   6/1
Segment   191-203
Lechnir's Duties as a Sheriff's Deputy in Eastman in 1930's
No./Side   6/1
Segment   204-223
Discussion of Business Places in Eastman Area
No./Side   6/1
Segment   224-228
Discussion of Hazen Family, Pioneer Settlers, and of Hazen's Corners
No./Side   6/1
Segment   229-254
Some Information from Eastman's Sesquicentennial Booklet; Additional Discussion of Details of Gentile's Fort
No./Side   6/1
Segment   254
End of Interview with Wencil C. Lechnir
Mrs. Wencil C. Lechnir, June 29, 1974
No./Side   6/1
Segment   255-285
Mrs. Lechnir's Family History
Scope and Content Note: Her father was French, named Bouchet; her mother's maiden name was Fisher.
No./Side   6/1
Segment   286-308
Reminiscences of Grandfather Fisher
No./Side   6/1
Segment   309-313
Recollections of Stories of Grandparents' Early Days
No./Side   6/1
Segment   314-342
Reminiscences of Childhood and Hazen Corners School
No./Side   6/1
Segment   343-378
Memories of Own Country School Teaching Days
No./Side   6/1
Segment   379-381
Some Personal Family History; Son Dies in France during World War II
No./Side   6/1
Segment   382-421
Special Trips to Prairie du Chien as a Girl
No./Side   6/1
Segment   422-480
Discussion of Picture Postcards of Era, July 4th Celebrations, et cetera
No./Side   6/1
Segment   480
End of Interview with Mrs. Wencil C. Lechnir
Leonard Sebastian, September 12, 1974
No./Side   6/1
Segment   481-525
Introductions and Family Background
Scope and Content Note: His aunt was wife of Leonard Cornelius.
No./Side   6/1
Segment   526-537
Sebastian Quits Farming in 1925; Starts Work at the Prairie du Chien Woolen Mill
No./Side   6/1
Segment   538-557
The Barbering Tradition in the Sebastian Family
No./Side   6/1
Segment   558-602
Stories about the Armistice in Prairie du Chien, and How It Was Celebrated in France
No./Side   6/1
Segment   603-773
Sebastian's Experiences in Military Service in France; His Veterinary Course
No./Side   6/1
Segment   774-888
Memories of Doctor H. Gauger of Prairie du Chien
No./Side   6/1
Segment   889-913
Discussion of Road-Making Down Mondell Hill
No./Side   6/1
Segment   914-End
Sebastian's Work at the Prairie du Chien Woolen Mill
Scope and Content Note: Details on mill operations, wages to workers, and other things.
No./Side   6/1
Segment   End
End of Interview with Leonard Sebastian
Charles Wachute (or Wacouta), October 11, 1974
No./Side   6/2
Segment   001-062
Family Background; Parents Emigrate from Bohemia
Scope and Content Note: Also, story about father Joseph's early days in Prairie du Chien.
No./Side   6/2
Segment   062-080
Details of Operations at Wachute Variety Store
No./Side   6/2
Segment   081-092
Information of “Vernon the Ventriloquist”
No./Side   6/2
Segment   093-133
Charles Wachute Plays Violin at Dousman House Hotel
Scope and Content Note: Also Played with Various Dance Orchestras on Circuit.
No./Side   6/2
Segment   134-143
Other Entertainment and Businesses in the Area
No./Side   6/2
Segment   144-157
Description of Era when Band Traveled by Train, Including Kickapoo Railway Route and Up into Minnesota
No./Side   6/2
Segment   158-167
Prairie du Chien Opera House, Later Operated as a Dance Hall, Now Used as a City Office Building
No./Side   6/2
Segment   168-1094
Description of Mondell House and Metro Theatre Corner Fires, and Other Fires in the City
No./Side   6/2
Segment   185-225
Personal Memories of Buffalo Bill's Troupe; the Chase after Deputy Thomas Vavra
No./Side   6/2
Segment   226-255
Discussion of Keeping Pigs, Chickens, et cetera in Back Yard; Cheska Saloon Located in South East Corner of Blackhawk and Minnesota Streets
No./Side   6/2
Segment   256-297
Other Businesses in Lowertown and Prairie du Chien during Wachute's Youth
No./Side   6/2
Segment   298-334
Wachute's Days as a Local Boarding Student at the Campion College of the Sacred Heart, His Final (8th) Year as a Day Student, and His Graduate Studies in Music at Other Schools
No./Side   6/2
Segment   335-386
Discussions of Other Subjects: Artesian Park, Band Concerts, Armistice Day, et cetera
No./Side   6/2
Segment   386
End of Interview with Charles Wachute
Frank Stuckey, February 28, 1975
No./Side   6/2
Segment   387-405
Family Background, of German Origin; Grandfather Settles in St. Louis and Moves to Wauzeka Area
Scope and Content Note: Family moved to Prairie du Chien in 1880's, when Frank's father was a child. He ran blacksmith shop at corner of Washington and Minnesota Streets.
No./Side   6/2
Segment   406-432
Family Moves to Present Farm in May 1896
Scope and Content Note: Farm bought from Billy Snell. Included Jackson Farm also. Original farm was 150 acres; now about 250 acres in immediate area around house.
No./Side   6/2
Segment   433-462
Until about 1900, Milwaukee and CB&Q Track Crossing Just West of Road Guarded by Gates and a Watchman
Scope and Content Note: Cyril Plihal, an early operator at Crawford tower.
No./Side   6/2
Segment   463-479
National Guard Stations Men at Burlington Bridge Over Wisconsin River One Summer during World War I
Scope and Content Note: The area generally flooded since Mississippi River dams built.
No./Side   6/2
Segment   480-492
Islands in Wisconsin River Used for Making Hay, Pasture
Scope and Content Note: Stuckey still owns 51 acres of island land.
No./Side   6/2
Segment   493-499
Sand Pit East of Stuckey Home Owned by Railroad, Used as Fill When Marquette, Iowa Roundhouse Relocated After Flood in 1890's
No./Side   6/2
Segment   500-512
Discussion of Ponds and Streams Formerly in Area
Scope and Content Note: Old flooding problems after rains ended with change in farm methods.
No./Side   6/2
Segment   513-531
Discussion of Changes in Crops
Scope and Content Note: Much less grain; almost no rye. Now mainly corn.
No./Side   6/2
Segment   532-540
Milwaukee Stockpiles Coal in Flats of Farmco during World War I
Scope and Content Note: Had large acreage and a spur track.
No./Side   6/2
Segment   541-575
Early Memories of the Lowertown Area
Scope and Content Note: Soap factory was west of Campion area; also an ice house and a tavern. Homes were still located where much of Campion grounds are now, near the chapel and other places.
No./Side   6/2
Segment   576-595
Attends Washington School, Then First Through Sixth Grades at Rock School and Seventh and Eighth at High School Building
Scope and Content Note: At Rock School, had three classes to a room, the lower three on one floor and the upper three on the other floor.
No./Side   6/2
Segment   596-610
Board Fence on North End of Stuckey Land Built by B.F. Faye, Who Lived in Large House on South Minnesota Street
No./Side   6/2
Segment   611-624
Old Depot Is Moved from Lowertown to South Beaumont Road
Scope and Content Note: Now owned by Loren Slaght, was once owned by ex-Mayor Keller.
No./Side   6/2
Segment   625-642
Discussion of Bridgeport in Earlier Days
Scope and Content Note: Had hotel, two taverns, two stores, and log stockyards under the present bridge. Old covered bridge owned at that time by H. Lathrop. Was toll-free after sold to State of Wisconsin.
No./Side   6/2
Segment   643-661
Clar Mezera Farm at Bridgeport Is Probable Site of Indian School
Scope and Content Note: Present house was built using blocks from the older building and nearby quarry.
No./Side   6/2
Segment   662-710
Livestock Shipped from Bridgeport Yards Two Or Three Days Per Week
Scope and Content Note: Buyers would have farmers bring in stock those days; railroad maintained a large scale for their use. Milwaukee Road had stockyards and scales in 4th Ward, south of suspension bridge. Yards close in 1940's when packing plant in Prairie du Chien and yards established.
No./Side   6/2
Segment   711-735
Sees First Airplane to Land at Prairie du Chien
Scope and Content Note: Landed in river on pontoons, across from old hotel. Prairie du Chien Airport now on former Stuckey farmland.
No./Side   6/2
Segment   736-772
Stuckey's Use First Gasoline Powered Engine in 1920
Scope and Content Note: Father drilled Villa Louis artesian well; also, wells for Campion, courthouse, and other places. Artesians were at least 440 feet; deeper wells were over 1000 feet.
No./Side   6/2
Segment   773-830
Frank Stuckey Does Custom Work with Westinghouse Upright-Boiler, Self-Propell Traction Steam Engine
Scope and Content Note: Father had owned a “Minnesota Giant”, then a “Strawburner”. Frank still owns old thresher and grain separator by Case Manufacturing Company.
No./Side   6/2
Segment   831-866
Frank Is Charter Member and Director of Grant-Crawford Co-Op for 39 Years
Scope and Content Note: Co-Op started in 1931. Frank also president of the Co-Op for 14 years. Co-Op specialized in fuel distribution.
No./Side   6/2
Segment   867-904
Marries Lillian Zweifel
Scope and Content Note: Lillian born in rural Wauzeka area; was working in Prairie du Chien Woolen Mill at the time they first met.
No./Side   6/2
Segment   905-940
Discussion of Mississippi River Clamming Period
Scope and Content Note: Many claimers located in Lowertown area of Prairie du Chien. Little clamming done on Wisconsin River.
No./Side   6/2
Segment   941-984
Stuckey Gets First Camera about 1910
Scope and Content Note: Cost $10; paid for by trapping muskrats. Obtained a Kodak from Frank Cornelius, a dealer in Prairie du Chien. Many photographs Printed on 3 1/4 x 5 1/2 cards with emulsion, to be used as postcards. Helped to harvest ice for storage in large ice house located east of old fur trade building in the 4th Ward, now the Ben Shaub Repair Shop.
No./Side   6/2
Segment   984
End of Interview with Frank Stuckey
No./Side   6/2
Segment   985-End
Cable TV Telecast Segments, Fall of 1975
Scope and Content Note: Jim Bittner acted as Master of Ceremonies. Parts of the program included Charles Wacouta on violin, plus County Board Chairman Bob Dillman, Bob Steele, and others.
Cyril Plihal, July 25, 1975
Note: No counter numbers are indicated for tape no. 7.
No./Side   7/1
Cyril A. Plihal Born on April 30, 1897 in Prairie du Chien Lowertown
No./Side   7/1
Plihal's Sister, Mary or Marme, Also in Prairie du Chien
No./Side   7/1
Plihal's Wife Is Daughter of Hubert and Agnes Valley
No./Side   7/1
Between Lowertown and Blackhawk Avenue Business District Is Mostly Farmland during Plihal's Early Years
Scope and Content Note: Went through eighth grade only at St. John's.
No./Side   7/1
Learns Telegraphy
Scope and Content Note: Started with CB&Q in 1914; worked various locations until 1917, when entered the service.
No./Side   7/1
After Military Service, Works at Crawford Tower, Where CB&Q and Milwaukee Road Tracks Cross
Scope and Content Note: Three men worked at tower, in eight-hour shifts.
No./Side   7/1
Discussion of “Mudge” Motor Cars from Illinois
Scope and Content Note: Single cylinder hand cars.
No./Side   7/1
Plihal's Training in the Signal Corps
Scope and Content Note: In France for a while. Went over on the Carpathia in 22 days. Carpathia later rescued survivors of the Titanic Disaster.
No./Side   7/1
Goes into France December 1917
Scope and Content Note: Saw little actual action except near Chateau Thierry, when commandeered to haul ammunition to front. Left Marseilles, France on Easter Sunday 1919. Discharged in May 1919; went back as regular at Crawford Tower until 1930.
No./Side   7/1
Displaced by Man with More Seniority in Union
No./Side   7/1
Is Talked into Running for City Clerk, Then an Elected Position; Elected April 1, 1930
Scope and Content Note: Other city officers at that time discussed, including mayors.
No./Side   7/1
Mayor Thompson Begins Proceedings to Acquire Villa Louis
Scope and Content Note: There was a lien against property, so the city paid the taxes and took it over. Charles Finney and S. C. Twilliger operated it under city sponsorship as a city museum.
No./Side   7/1
Dealings Begin with State Historical Society of Wisconsin during William Carroll's Term as Mayor
Scope and Content Note: Carroll had “mind of his own.” His idea to take the deal to court to keep city control of Villa Louis, but the State Historical Society won out.
No./Side   7/1
Carroll's Term Also Involves Toll Bridge Arguments
Scope and Content Note: Wanted to keep toll in force; thought city would lose revenue.
No./Side   7/1
City Issues Check for 1 Million Dollars to Steel Company Which Owns It (?)
Scope and Content Note: Steel company Was Pittsburgh-Des Moines Steel Company. Check signed by Cyril's secretary; Cyril in Elkader. F.J. Antoine handled Prairie du Chien end of the deal.
No./Side   7/1
Is Clerk Until 1964, When He Retires
No./Side   7/1
Ted Clanton Elected Mayor about 1942; Office Moved Downstairs in Same Building
Scope and Content Note: Stayed at that location until 1954. Then moved to present city hall; the old fire house built in 1864. Had a meeting and dance hall upstairs called the “Grand” ballroom.
No./Side   7/1
Not Many Business Locations Remaining as Plihal Grows Up
No./Side   7/1
Depot Moved to 4th Ward in 1897; First Depot at Foot of Campion Boat Docks on West Side of Tracks
Scope and Content Note: Old depot became Loren Slagh home on South Beaumond Road.
No./Side   7/1
Bank from Lowertown Located at South 1st and Campion Boulevard
Scope and Content Note: The latter street formerly Milwaukee Avenue.
No./Side   7/1
Vinegar Distillery Located at West End of Milwaukee Avenue and South Main Street
No./Side   7/1
Grocery Store about 1906 on East Side of Beaumont; Was Henry Kast Pribyl's
Scope and Content Note: Discussion of location and owners over time.
No./Side   7/1
Fire Station, Now a Home, at Corner of 1401 South 2nd Street
Scope and Content Note: Was built by Lenahan, who rented to city until 1930's. Company was Aetna Company (?). Was a fireman at time brewery burned.
No./Side   7/1
Most of the Homes on South Beaumont Street Built Before Plihal's Memory; Few Changes Since Then
Scope and Content Note: Area is still residential.
No./Side   7/1
Cy's Father Is Tailor; Does Much Work at Home for Students at Sacred Heart College
No./Side   7/1
La Crosse National Guard Stationed at Wisconsin River Railroad Bridge during World War I
No./Side   7/1
Discussion of Mississippi River Ferry
No./Side   7/1
Train Wreck Occurs Just South of Wisconsin Bridge While Plihal at Crawford Tower
Scope and Content Note: Happened about 3 A.M. Engineer from second engine trapped in wreckage and had to be cut loose; lost both legs. Was still a single track across Wisconsin River. Between midnight and 8 A.M., CB&Q had about 15 to 18 cars in a train; Milwaukee Road had 6 to 8. Large string of freight cars then considered to be 75 to 80.
No./Side   7/1
End of Interview with Cyril A. Plihal
Grace (Mrs. John) Biehl, September 29, 1975
No./Side   7/1
Grace Biehl a Former Crawford County School Teacher, Born Near Steuben
No./Side   7/1
Is Daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Alfred J. White
Scope and Content Note: Mother from Rising Sun; Father from Eastman, Crawford County.
No./Side   7/1
Family Moves to Prairie du Chien, or Frenchtown, after Grace Attends One Year at Seneca High School and One Year at St. Mary's Academy
Scope and Content Note: Graduated from Prairie du Chien Public High School.
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Grace's First Teacher, Mrs. Seymour Ward, Still Lives Near Boydtown on Highway 60
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Pine Creek School Located Between Eastman and Steuben on Present Highway E
Scope and Content Note: Averaged 18 to 20 students; more boys sometimes in winter.
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Teachers' Training Consists of One Year and Six Weeks Summer School at La Crosse Teachers College
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First Job in 1923-1924 at 7 Mile School South of Eastman
Scope and Content Note: Board and room obtained at William Yonke home. Went to own home on weekends. Had to carry water to school from farm several blocks away. Arrived at School 7:30 A.M. to start fires. Got gasoline by mistake one morning; no fire, but big boom.
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Starts with 24 Pupils; Has about 30 in Winter
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Teaches Only One Year Before Getting Married
Scope and Content Note: Returned to teaching during World War II, at Fox Farm School near home farm, East of Seneca. Much better teaching conditions at this school, including full basement and coal furnace. Special programs at Christmas, Thanksgiving, and other special occasions. A few box socials still held in 1940's. Also had tours and an end of the year picnic. Phonics losing out in the 1930's.
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Grace Biehl Retires from Teaching in 1959
Scope and Content Note: Had few discipline problems during her teaching career. Discussion of new math and metric system.
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Discussion on Being a Crawford County Farm Wife in the 1920's and 1930's
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Biehls Are Charter Members of Rural Electrification Association Since 1939
Scope and Content Note: Was greatest asset to farm family during their lifetimes.
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Highway 27 and Some Side Road Graveled by Work Progress Administration Work in 1930's
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Obtained First Tractor in 1939
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Discussion of Business Changes in Seneca Over the Years
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Have Lived in Prairie du Chien Since 1948
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End of Interview with Grace Biehl
Lawrence Swingle (born February 7, 1895), September 1979
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Begins with History of His Company--Prairie Tool Company
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As Sole Owner of Company, 1927
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As Incorporated with Nephew William Herried, 1957
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Lawrence Office Location
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Silo Company-Niles Higgins, 1920
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Information on Marriage to Florence Lester
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Information about Ownership of a Church Just South of Residence
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Eulogy of E.I. Kidd Given by Wisconsin Senator Robert La Follette in 1902 in the Church
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Information about Mr. Kidd, Wisconsin Bank Examiner
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Discussion of “Lawler House” Where Mr. Kidd Lived
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Information on Basketball Games Played at Prairie du Chien's “Sacred Heart” College
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Discussion of Father Marquette Monument
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1923 Plans of Prairie du Chien's American Legion to Set Up Big Display and Other Promotions
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Recollections on the Carnivals Which Played in Downtown Prairie du Chien when Lawrence Was a Young Man
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Lawrence as a Deliveryman for Swingle's Dairy
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Recollection of His Military Service in World War I