Gaylord Nelson Papers, 1954-2006 (bulk 1963-1980)

Contents List
Container Title
Box/Folder   3/9
No.   1255A/212-213
Howards, Annette,1994 January 4, Madison, Wisconsin
Biography/History: Annette (Schubert) Howards was born on December 30, 1923 to Jewish parents in New York City, where she was raised. She moved with her family to Laurelton, Long Island, where she was graduated from Theodore Roosevelt High School in 1941. After graduation, she took a job as an accountant. She left her accounting job to get a civil service job with the army as a typist. She worked at that job for a year and a half until she was twenty years old. In 1944, she joined the marines and was sent to Camp LeJeune, North Carolina, for basic training in May of 1944. Ms. Howards's basic training lasted six weeks, at the end of which she was sent to Camp Elliot in California. She commuted between Camp Elliot and North Island, where she worked in the tool room. Later, she moved to North Island when it became accessible to the women marines. She was transferred to Santa Anna, El Torro, in California where she served until her discharge in April of 1946. Shortly after being discharged from the marines, Ms. Howards married Bernie Howards on April 28, 1946, in New York. The couple moved to Bernie's hometown of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Ms. Howards was an accountant and a housekeeper while her husband was employed in a shoe store.
Scope and Content Note: Ms. Howards begins by discussing her reactions to the attack on Pearl Harbor and relating the first changes this news brought to her life. She describes the prejudice she encountered while applying for defense jobs and finding a civil service job with the army as a typist. She discusses her work there before becoming eligible to join the marines at age twenty. She talks about the procedures involved in joining the marines and the reactions of her parents towards her decision. Ms. Howards describes her basic training and military life at Camp LeJeune in North Carolina, highlighting her impressions of life as a Jewish woman in the marines. She discusses being transferred to Camp Elliot and working in the tool room at North Island. She discusses the relations between the men and the women and her feelings about replacing men who were being sent overseas. She talks about her transfer to Santa Anna and the social life there, including the dances and dating. She describes how she met her future husband, Bernie Howards, while stationed at Santa Anna. Ms. Howards describes the military reunions the couple have attended and about her life after being discharged from the marines. She discusses the different drill instructors she had while in service, the regulations of military life, and the military terminology to be learned. She discusses the discrimination she witnessed while stationed in North Carolina and her experiences with gays and lesbians in the military. She describes how the marines dealt with pregnancy and marriage at the base. She goes on to discuss the patriotism everybody felt at the time and how the war changed her life by making her become more independent. She compares the military now with how it was when she was in service, and gives her views on women in the military today. She describes her reaction towards the death of President Roosevelt and the V-J Day celebration in New York. She describes moving to Milwaukee with her husband and their life after the war. She finishes by discussing the expectations she had for her life after the war and how being Jewish influenced her feelings about the war.