Gaylord Nelson Papers, 1954-2006 (bulk 1963-1980)

 
Contents List
Container Title
Mss 987
Part 1 (Mss 987): Original Collection, 1871-1999
Physical Description: 5.0 c.f. (9 archives boxes and 4 flat boxes) 
Scope and Content Note

Both personal and professional papers are present in this collection which covers the period 1871 to 1999. The papers are arranged into three series: Personal Papers, Speeches, and Professional Papers.

The PERSONAL PAPERS include family journals and scrapbooks as well as scrapbooks kept by Fairchild concerning his judicial career. The family journals describe vacations at the family cottage in Conesus, New York, between 1879 and 1934. These journals describe daily activities and experiences, the weather conditions, and the interaction of family members. Prominent in the journals is J.M. Edwards, Thomas Fairchild's maternal grandfather and president of Merchants and Farmers National Bank who was a prominent business, civic, and religious figure in Dansville, New York. The family scrapbooks (1871-1930) of news clippings and letters were compiled by J.M. Edwards and document both current events and significant events of various family members. One volume is devoted entirely to the Faulkner trial, documenting the failure of the First Financial Bank, a “Black Friday” for Dansville, New York.

The scrapbooks compiled by Fairchild highlight his reelection to the Supreme Court, his appointment to the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals in 1966, and his retirement in 1981. Most of this material consists of news clippings but the volume regarding his retirement includes news clippings, ephemera, photographs, and letters and cards. Included here is a letter from Fairchild to President Ronald Reagan informing him of his retirement and the President's response.

An oral history interview (1999) conducted by the Circuit Executive Collins Fitzpatrick is also included here. In this volume Fairchild discusses his life and some of the important cases on which he sat. It is also available in the Wisconsin Historical Society Library.

The SPEECHES series (1948-1988) comprise the most continuous and complete part of these papers. They are arranged alphabetically by title, event, or subject and often include research and other supplemental materials such as pamphlets, booklets, newspaper clippings, articles, notes, drafts, letters, index cards, etc. Also included is a report (1989) by Fairchild describing his travels in the Soviet Union and Finland in 1988 as a member of a delegation of 18 American judges. Additionally, there are notes on index cards (undated) which include some Supreme Court humor, anecdotes, and thoughts.

The PROFESSIONAL FILES principally document his work as a Chairman of the Constitutional Revision Commission in Madison (1960-1965) and his work sitting for the appeal case of the Chicago Seven conspiracy trial (1968-1974). The papers relating to the Constitutional Revision Commission include legislative reference bureau bulletins, papers and reports, news clippings, correspondence among commission members and other interested parties, a few letters of opinion from concerned citizens, and the report to the governor submitted on September 24, 1965. An earlier draft of that report and related revisions and approvals of the commission are also present.

The documentation regarding the appeal of the Chicago Seven conspiracy case (1968-1974) compose an important part of these papers and consist of official correspondence among the active members of the court, judicial documents, notes, indexes, outlines, papers, and drafts pertaining to the trial. Topics such as constitutionality, demeanor of the trial judge and prosecutors, “overt acts” of the defendants, and sufficiency of evidence are evaluated.

Series: Personal Papers
Box   1
Folder   1
Oral History Interview, 1999
Journals (Vacation)
Box   1
Folder   2
, 1879-1900
Box   1
Folder   3
, 1908-1913
Box   1
Folder   4
, 1925-1930
Box   2
Volume   1
, 1916-1925
Box   2
Volume   2
, 1930-1934
Scrapbooks of newspaper clippings and letters (J.M. Edwards)
Box   2
Volume   3
, 1871-1914
Box   2
Volume   4
, 1887-1916
Box   3
Volume   5
, 1915-1921
Box   3
Volume   6
, 1922-1930
Scrapbooks (Thomas E. Fairchild)
News clippings regarding career
Box   4
Volume   7
, 1965
Box   4
Volume   8
, 1965-1966
Box   5
Volume   9
Retirement, 1975-1981
Series: Speeches
Box   6
Folder   1
Appointment of Counsel in Criminal Cases, Supreme Court, undated
Box   6
Folder   2
Army and Navy Union, 1958
Box   6
Folder   3
Attorney General's Conference, 1965
Box   6
Folder   4
Badger Girls' State, 1961-1964
Box   6
Folder   5
Bill of Rights, undated
Box   6
Folder   6
The Booth Cases (Madison Literary Club), 1952-1964
Box   6
Folder   7
Business and Professional People for the Public Interest, 1978
Box   6
Folder   8
Brotherhood, 1957-1965
Box   6
Folder   9
Campaign for Senator, 1950
Box   6
Folder   10
Charitable Immunity, undated
Box   6
Folder   11
Christian Men and Civic Responsibility, 1966
Box   6
Folder   12
Circuit Judges' Conference, 1979
Box   6
Folder   13
Civil Liberties and the Poor, 1966
Box   6
Folder   14
Clerks of Court, undated
Box   6
Folder   15
Collegiality (San Diego Seminar), 1983
Box   6
Folder   16
Conference on Judicial Ethics, 1964
Box   6
Folder   17
Conflicts of Jurisdiction, 1959-1961
Box   6
Folder   18
Congressional Investigations and Personal Liberty, 1951-1961
Box   6
Folder   19
Constitution Day, 1951
Box   6
Folder   20
Constitutional Law, undated
Box   6
Folder   21
Constitutional Revision, 1964-1965
Box   6
Folder   22
County Clerks' Meeting, 1965
Box   6
Folder   23
County Clerks (U.S.), 1964
Box   6
Folder   24
Court Reorganization to Date, 1963
Box   6
Folder   25
Court Systems, 1969
Box   6
Folder   26
Criminal Appeals, 1965
Dedication Ceremonies
Box   6
Folder   27
Shorewood Fire/Police Station, 1964-1965
Box   6
Folder   28
Village of Shorewood Library, 1965
Box   6
Folder   29
Dedication of New Courthouse, Beloit, Wisconsin, 1964
Box   6
Folder   30
Dedication of Courthouse (Columbia County), 1962
Box   6
Folder   31
Defense of Insanity, 1967
Box   6
Folder   32
Douglas, William O., Memorial Service, 1980
Box   6
Folder   33
Doyle, James E., Introduction (Madison Literary Club), 1971
Box   6
Folder   34
Education, Your Gateway to Opportunity, 1965
Box   6
Folder   35
Expansion of the Fourteenth Amendment, 1965, 1979-1984
Box   7
Folder   1
Federal Probation, Volunteer Counselors, 1973
Box   7
Folder   2
Flag Day, undated
Box   7
Folder   3
Foreign Policy Speeches, 1950
Box   7
Folder   4
Foundations of Freedom, 1965, 1982-1985
Box   7
Folder   5
Governor's Conference of the United Nations, 5th annual, 1964
Box   7
Folder   6
Governor's Prayer Breakfast, 1962-1964
Graduation Exercises
Box   7
Folder   7
, 1966-1968
Box   7
Folder   8
Chicago-Kent Law School, 1976-1978
Box   7
Folder   9
Great Lakes Naval Center Recruit Review, 1978
Box   7
Folder   10
Green Bay B'nai B'rith Brotherhood Award, 1966
Box   7
Folder   11
Hagena, William J., Dedication of Fountain and Championship Debate, 1958-1960
Box   7
Folder   12
Highway Commissioners, undated
Box   7
Folder   13
Highway Conference (summer), 1960
Box   7
Folder   14
Harold Hallows, Chief Justice, 1970
Box   7
Folder   15
How Not to Succeed in Politics, 1973-1989
Box   7
Folder   16
How We Protect an Accused Defendant's Rights, 1961
Box   7
Folder   17
Human Rights and Individual Liberties, 1976
Box   7
Folder   18
Illinois Judges Association Speech, 1978
Box   7
Folder   19
Importance of Citizen Participation in Government, 1959
Box   7
Folder   20
Independence Day (La Crosse, Wisconsin), undated
Box   7
Folder   21
Indians, 1962-1965
Box   7
Folder   22
Installation of Circuit Judge James A. Martineau, 1967
Box   7
Folder   23
Installation of Honorable Max Raskin, 1963-1964
Box   7
Folder   24
Installation of Christ Seraphim as District Judge, 1960
Box   7
Folder   25
Installation of Honorable Ernst John Watts, 1964
Box   8
Folder   1
Introduction of Mr. Clark M. Eichelberger, 1963
Box   8
Folder   2
Introduction of Mrs. Donna Lindsay Salk, Central High, 1962
Box   8
Folder   3
Introduction, Justice Byron White, 1967
Investiture Ceremonies
Box   8
Folder   4
Judges Corbett and Harvey, 1968
Box   8
Folder   5
Honorable Horace W. Wilkie, 1965
Box   8
Folder   6
Honorable James E. Doyle, 1965
Box   8
Folder   7
“I Refuse to Answer,” 1961
Box   8
Folder   8
John Marshall Law School Commencement Exercise, 1978
Box   8
Folder   9
Judge Looks at Arbitration, 1926-1976
Box   8
Folder   10
Judicial Activism, 1978
Box   8
Folder   11
Judicial Conference Speeches, 1976-1981
Box   8
Folder   12
Judicial Image, 1976-1983
Box   8
Folder   13
Judicial Selection, 1965
Box   8
Folder   14
Law, the Choice of Free People, 1964
Box   8
Folder   15
Law Clerks' Luncheon Speeches, 1985
Law Day
Box   8
Folder   16
, 1980
Box   8
Folder   17
David Wexler, 1979
Box   8
Folder   18
Luncheon, Truax Field, 1964
Box   8
Folder   19
Law Enforcement Conference, 1965
Box   8
Folder   20
Law's Concern with Individual Rights, 1965
Box   8
Folder   21
Lawyers for Fairchild Club, 1950
Box   8
Folder   22
League of Women Voters of Beloit, 1966
Box   8
Folder   23
Legislative Investigation and the Constitution, 1961
Box   8
Folder   24
Let's Choose the High Road, 1959
Box   8
Folder   25
Liberty and Loyalty in a Free Society, 1965
Box   9
Folder   1
Medical-Legal Symposium, 1967
Box   9
Folder   2
Memorials, circa 1948-1984
Box   9
Folder   3
Memorial Convocation, Milton College, 1963
Box   9
Folder   4
Memorial Day, 1939 1965, and undated
Box   9
Folder   5
Memorial, Deceased Lawyers, undated
Box   9
Folder   6
Memorial, Edward T. Fairchild, 1965-1967
Box   9
Folder   7
Men and Other Passengers in Space Ship Earth, 1975
Box   9
Folder   8
Miller, Mark, Speech, 1992
Box   9
Folder   9
Milwaukee Jewish Council anniversary, 1959, 1976
Box   9
Folder   10
Municipal Attorneys' Meeting, undated
Box   9
Folder   11
No More War, 1962
Box   9
Folder   12
Peace Corps Oath, 1965
Box   9
Folder   13
Peace Through Law, 1958-1961
Box   9
Folder   14
Political Philosophy and Religion, undated
Box   9
Folder   15
Polaris District Appreciation Dinner, YWCA, Racine, 1966
Box   9
Folder   16
Post Conviction Rights and Remedies in Wisconsin, 1963-1965
Box   9
Folder   17
Prescription for Democracy, undated
Box   9
Folder   18
Pre-Trial Publicity, 1965
Box   9
Folder   19
Pythian Meeting, undated
Box   9
Folder   20
Prejudice-Milwaukee Urban League, 1949, 1962
Box   9
Folder   21
Proposal for a Single Trial Court, 1955
Box   9
Folder   22
Reality of Independent Decisions, 1967
Box   9
Folder   23
Recall of Elective Officers, undated
Box   9
Folder   24
Recent Developments in the area of Torts, 1962
Box   9
Folder   25
Recognition Speech, undated
Box   9
Folder   26
Report on the State of the Judiciary of the Seventh Circuit, 1975
Box   9
Folder   27
Respect for Law, 1965
Box   9
Folder   28
Responsibility, 1965
Box   9
Folder   29
Retail Clerks Convention, 1963
Retirement Speeches
Box   9
Folder   30
, 1963
Box   9
Folder   31
Chief Justice Timothy Brown, undated
Box   9
Folder   32
Right of Privacy, 1967
Box   9
Folder   33
Rule of Law Versus Rule of Men, undated
Box   9
Folder   34
Rule Making Power of the Supreme Court, 1962
Box   10
Folder   1
Samuel Gompers Centennial Celebration, 1950
Box   10
Folder   2
San Diego, California Seminar (FJC), 1983
Box   10
Folder   3
Sermons, 1951
Box   10
Folder   4
Speech Material, 1950-1976
Box   10
Folder   5
State Board of County and Juvenile Court Judges, 1967
Box   10
Folder   6
State Capitol Dedication, 1965
Box   10
Folder   7
St. Bartholomew Speech, 1950
Box   10
Folder   8
Symposium on Political Affairs, 1965
Box   10
Folder   9
State Supreme Court, 1966
Box   10
Folder   10
Sunbursting: Prospective Over-ruling, 1966-1968
Box   10
Folder   11
Tehan, Robert E., Sr., Memorial Services Eulogy, 1975
Box   10
Folder   12
Testimonials, 1957, 1988
Box   10
Folder   13
Testimonial Luncheon, 1967
Box   10
Folder   14
Union Counselor Graduation Dinner, 1965
Box   10
Folder   15
United Nations Comes of Age, 1966
Box   10
Folder   16
United Nations Speech Material, 1962-1965
Box   10
Folder   17
Use of Prior Convictions to Impeach Defendant's Credibility, 1966
Box   10
Folder   18
USW-CIO Meetings, Milwaukee, 1950
Box   10
Folder   19
Veterans Day, Schofield, 1965
Box   10
Folder   20
Welcome Address, Marquette University Graduation, 1966
Box   10
Folder   21
Wiretapping and Electronic Eavesdropping, 1967
Box   10
Folder   22
Wisconsin Automotive Wholesalers Association Speech, 1961
Box   10
Folder   23
Wisconsin Law Alumni Association, 1981
Box   10
Folder   24
Wisconsin Real Estate Institute, undated
Box   10
Folder   25
Wisconsin Student Bar Association Luncheon, 1964-1966
Box   10
Folder   26
Work of the Wisconsin Supreme Court, 1965-1966
Box   10
Folder   27
World Refugee Year, 1960
Box   10
Folder   28
World Today, What Can the Individual Do About It, undated
Box   10
Folder   29
Working at Being a Citizen, 1965
Box   10
Folder   30
Youth Recognition Dinner, 1965
Box   10
Folder   31
Report, Program, and Index Cards, 1979, 1989, undated
Series: Professional Papers
Constitutional Revision Commission, 1960-1965
Box   11
Folder   1
Final Report to the Governor, September 24, 1965
Box   11
Folder   2
“Report of the Governor's Commission on Constitutional Revision,” 1965
Box   11
Folder   3
Correspondence, 1963-1965
Box   11
Folder   4
Newspaper clippings, 1963-1965
Box   11
Folder   5
Papers and Reports, 1961-1965
Box   11
Folder   6
Legislative Reference Bureau Bulletins, 1965
Chicago Conspiracy Trial, 1968-1974
Box   12
Folder   1
Motion of Illinois Division, American Civil Liberties Union for Leave to File Brief Amicus Curiae, 1971
Box   12
Folder   2
“Reply Memorandum of Appellants,” 1972 (printed packet)
Box   12
Folder   3
Official Correspondence of Court of Appeals, 1970-1973
Box   12
Folder   4
Official Correspondence with Attached Documents, 1971-1972
Box   12
Folder   5
Papers to be kept together until the appeal, 1971
Box   12
Folder   6
Case No. 73-2107, 1974
Box   12
Folder   7
Indexes/Outlines/Check Lists, undated
Box   12
Folder   8
Possible Outline of Opinion and Pertaining Drafts, undated
Box   12
Folder   9
Comments/Revisions/Incomplete Drafts
Box   12
Folder   10
Handwritten Notes, 1968-1970, 1972, 1974, most undated
Box   12
Folder   11
Judicial Documents, 1969-1973
Box   13
Folder   1
Judicial Documents, 1969-1973 (continued)
Drafts/Papers Evaluating Original Trial
Box   13
Folder   2
Jan Harring, 1972, undated
Box   13
Folder   3
Steve Selinger on Sufficiency of Evidence, undated
Box   13
Folder   4
Steve Cooper on Demeanor of Judge Hoffman, undated
Box   13
Folder   5
David Marks, undated
Box   13
Folder   6
Vivien Clair - Voir Dire
Box   13
Folder   7
Joan Humphrey, 1972
Box   13
Folder   8
Ken Lopatka, undated
Box   13
Folder   9
“Overt Acts” of the defendants, 1972, undated
Box   13
Folder   10
Demeanor of the Trial Judge and Prosecutors
Box   13
Folder   11
Reactions to the Outcome of the Appeal Trial, 1972