Daniels Family Papers, 1842-1984

Container Title
Mss 665
Part 1 (Mss 665, Micro 1080, Audio 1115A, Disc 171A, PH 3722, PH 3723, PH 3723 (3), PH 3724 (3)): Warren P. Knowles Papers, 1910-1964
Physical Description: 7.6 cubic feet (4 records center cartons and 11 archives boxes), 19 reels of microfilm (35 mm), 1 disc recording, 3 tape recordings, and 723 photographs 
Scope and Content Note

This manuscript portion of the Knowles material consists of papers concerning Knowles' career in the Senate and his tenure as lieutenant governor as well as his private life. Included are correspondence (mainly 1940-1956) with family, friends, Republican political leaders, and constituents; notes; reports; speeches; press releases; campaign records from his 1940, 1944, 1954 and 1962 campaigns and from the 1950 and 1952 gubernatorial campaigns of Walter Kohler Jr.; memorabilia; and scrapbooks of photographs and biographical clippings. Also included are files concerning various civic and financial involvements such as the Bong Memorial Foundation, the Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Company, and the University of Wisconsin Alumni association; legal records from his New Richland law practice and estate papers pertaining to his father, Judge Warren P. Knowles Sr.; and constituent correspondence of his brother Robert Knowles. Among the prominent correspondents are John Byrnes, Thomas Coleman, Glenn Davis, Frank Graass, Walter Kohler Jr., Philip Kuehn, Melvin Laird, Jack Olson, Oscar Rennebohm, Alexander Wiley, John Wyngaard, and Robert Zimmerman.

Taken as a whole, the Knowles manuscript papers are an outstanding collection for study of Wisconsin politics during the 1940s and 1950s because they offer much more extensive documentation than may be found in the collections of other Wisconsin legislators and political figures of the period. In addition, because such political collections are frequently bureaucratic and depersonalized in character, the Knowles collection is even more extraordinary because it offers researchers a large volume of personal material which allow many insights about an individual who ultimately rose to political prominence in the state.

Nevertheless, there are some gaps in the coverage. The more valuable and revealing documentation stops in 1955, no doubt because this portion of the collection was donated to the Historical Society in 1956. As a consequence, Knowles' three terms as lieutenant governor are represented only by files of official constituent correspondence and reference material. Furthermore, there is no documentatiotation stops in 1955, no doubt because this portion of the collection was donated to the Historical Society in 1956. As a consequence, Knowles' three terms as lieutenant governor are represented only by files of official constituent correspondence and reference material. Furthermore, there is no documentation on either the 1959-1960 and 1963-1964 periods when Knowles was out of office. Particularly disappointing is the absence of any material on the 1964 gubernatorial campaign or the period prior to that campaign. There are also no materials in the collection on Knowles' career after he retired from public life in 1970.

The collection consists primarily of correspondence, together with lesser quantities of memoranda, notes, reports, speeches, campaign files, memorabilia, biographical clippings, and legal files. Documenting Knowles' private life is a large volume of correspondence with family and friends, legal and personal financial materials, and campaign records.

The early Knowles Papers consist of files created and maintained by his secretary in his New Richmond law office. It seems likely that even the 1943 constituent correspondence file was handled in this manner. (There are no similar files, however, for the 1945, 1947, or 1949 legislative sessions.) After Knowles became chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, he acquired the services of a secretary in Madison. It is this fact which accounts for the existence in the collection of separate Senate constituent correspondence files (designated “Madison files”) for 1951 and 1953.

Documentation on Knowles' public life, which primarily documents his career as lieutenant governor, consists of constituent correspondence for 1943, 1951, 1953, 1957, and 1961. The small size and lesser historical interest of this correspondence no doubt reflects the limited responsibilities of the office of lieutenant governor.

The collection also includes some miscellaneous legal case files of Governor Knowles' father, Judge Knowles, and 1957 constituent correspondence of Knowles' brother Robert who succeeded him in the Senate.

Much of the earlier material in the collection originally consisted of deteriorating, high-acid paper. This portion of the collection has been microfilmed and with the exception of his photograph albums and D-Day notebooks is only available in that form. The collection is arranged by documentation type, with correspondence being the most extensive.

CORRESPONDENCE is arranged by year, with various subject subdivisions thereunder. It covers a wide variety of topics ranging from his World War II V-Mail to Dorothy Knowles and many exchanges with friends concerning hunting and fishing trips to extended discussions of Wisconsin politics with other legislators and Republican Party leaders. In general, however, Knowles' political comments are more useful for a study of general political events rather than for an examination of the development of specific legislation. There are also segregated subject files in the correspondence on his various civic and financial involvements such as the Bong Memorial Foundation, the University of Wisconsin Alumni Association, and the Northwestern Mutual Insurance Company. Also included here are photograph albums from Carleton College, a 1937 trip to Mexico, and his tour of duty on the USS Nevada.

Campaign records in the correspondence document Knowles' 1940 and 1944 Senate campaigns, his 1954 lieutenant governor's race, his abortive 1962 gubernatorial campaign, and the 1950 and 1952 gubernatorial campaigns of Walter Kohler Jr., in which he played a key leadership role. Such files include not only correspondence, but also campaign literature, statistics, planning material, and reports.

The Knowles correspondence has not been indexed, but researchers on Wisconsin politics will find letters to and from virtually every major Wisconsin Republican for the period 1940-1956. Among them are John Byrnes, Thomas Coleman, Glenn Davis, Frank Graass, Walter Kohler Jr., Philip Kuehn, Melvin Laird, Jack Olson, Oscar Rennebohm, Alexander Wiley, John Wyngaard, and Robert Zimmerman.

PRESS RELEASES consist of notices issued as senator and as lieutenant governor, as well as items pertaining to various electoral campaign. SPEECHES includes drafts and final copies of formal remarks made from 1945 to 1964, together with two recorded speeches and sounding recordings of several shorter items. It is unlikely that this file represents a complete record of his pre-gubernatorial speeches and remarks.

MEMORABILIA AND BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION consists of microfilmed biographical newspaper clippings and general career and campaign memorabilia. This section does not include buttons or other Knowles political artifacts which are housed with the Museum collections. Non-gubernatorial scrapbooks in the collection are available in the Visual and Sound Archives.

The collection also includes a segment of LEGAL FILES which includes records of some miscellaneous cases of Judge Knowles and a chronological legal correspondence file of Warren P. Knowles III. A large portion of both of these files pertains to the Weyburn Security Company and to the management of its complicated land holdings as part of Judge Knowles' estate.

Micro 1080
Series: Correspondence
Reel   1
Frame   1
1926-1930, Carleton College album
PH 3722
Original album
Micro 1080
Reel   1
Frame   62
1933
Reel   1
Frame   73
1937 Mexican trip album
PH 3722
Original album
Micro 1080
Reel   1
Frame   133
1938-1939
1940
Reel   1
Frame   160
General correspondence
Knowles for Senate Campaign
Reel   1
Frame   305
Correspondence
Reel   1
Frame   715
General campaign material
Reel   1
Frame   764
Legislative scrapbook, 1940-1941
Reel   1
Frame   781
1941
Reel   1-2
1942
1943
Reel   2
Frame   236
General correspondence
Constituent correspondence
Reel   2
Frame   424
A-G
Reel   3-4
H-Z
1944
Knowles for Senate
Reel   4
Frame   223
Correspondence
Reel   4
Frame   476
General campaign material
Reel   4
Frame   520
Clippings
V Mail to Dorothy Knowles
Reel   4
Frame   548
Microfilm version
Mss 665
Box   1
Folder   1
Paper version
Invasion notebooks
Box   1
Folder   1A
Paper version
Micro 1080
Reel   4
Frame   582
Microfilm version
USS Nevada album, 1943-1945
PH 3724 (3)
Original album pages
Physical Description: 168 photographs 
Micro 1080
Reel   4
Frame   770
Microfilm version
1945
General correspondence (New Richmond file)
Reel   4
Frame   854
January-June
Reel   5
Frame   1
July-December
Reel   5
Frame   340
1946
1947
General correspondence
Reel   5
Frame   874
January-June
Reel   6
Frame   1
July-December
Bong Memorial Foundation, 1946-1947
Reel   6
Frame   399
Correspondence
Reel   6
Frame   844
General material
1948
Reel   7
Frame   1
General correspondence
Reel   7
Frame   327
1949 (Incomplete)
1950
Reel   7
Frame   383
General correspondence
Kohler for Governor campaign
Correspondence
Reel   7
Frame   827
May-August 4
Reel   8
Frame   1
August 5-November
Reel   8
Frame   174
General material
Reel   8
Frame   222
Clippings
1951
Reel   8
Frame   254
Personal correspondence
Senate correspondence (New Richmond file)
Reel   8
Frame   598
January-August
Reel   9
Frame   1
September-December
Mss 665
Constituent correspondence (Madison file)
Box   1
Folder   2-8
A-R
Box   2
Folder   1-2
S-Z
Box   2
Folder   3-4
Legislative distributions
Micro 1080
Reel   9
Frame   331
Northwestern Mutual Insurance Company, 1949-1951
1952
Reel   9
Frame   594
Personal correspondence
Reel   10
Frame   1
Senate correspondence
Reel   11
Frame   1
Kohler for Governor campaign
Reel   11
Frame   258
Personal securities file, 1950-1952
1953
Reel   11
Frame   461
Personal correspondence
Mss 665
Constituent correspondence (Madison file)
Box   2
Folder   5-6
A-G
Box   3
H-Z
Legislative subject files
Box   4
Folder   1
Conservation, Reigel appointment, 1953
Box   4
Folder   2
Geiger, Joseph, 1953
Box   4
Folder   3
Geving, Allan, 1953
Box   4
Folder   4
Interstate cooperation, 1953
Box   4
Folder   5
Judicial Council, 1952-1953
Box   4
Folder   6
Legislative Council, 1953
Box   4
Folder   7
Miscellany
Box   4
Folder   8
Right to Privacy, 1953
Box   4
Folder   9
Radio and television, 1953
Box   4
Folder   10
Reapportionment, 1953
Box   4
Folder   11
Retirement Systems, Jt. Survey Committee, 1953
Box   4
Folder   12
State Building Commission, 1953
Box   4
Folder   13
Taxes, 1953
Box   4
Folder   14
Toll roads, 1945-1953
Micro 1080
Reel   12
Frame   1
Senate correspondence (New Richmond file)
Reel   12
Frame   564
Miscellaneous correspondence
Reel   12
Frame   751
U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals appointment, 1953
Reel   13
Frame   1
University of Wisconsin Alumni Association
Reel   13
Frame   480
Questionnaires
1954
Reel   13
Frame   496
Personal correspondence
Reel   14
Frame   1
Senate
Knowles for Lieutenant Governor Campaign
Correspondence
Reel   14
Frame   575
May 1-August 7
Reel   15
Frame   1
August 8-November
Reel   15
Frame   650
Legislative support project
Reel   15
Frame   773A
General campaign material
Reel   15
Frame   841
Returns and statistics
Reel   16
Frame   1
Clipping scrapbooks
Reel   16
Frame   130
Stillwater Barge Canal, 1947-1954
1955
Reel   16
Frame   247
Personal file
Political file (New Richmond file)
Reel   16
Frame   723
January-July
Reel   17
Frame   1
August-December
Mss 665
Lt. Governor's correspondence file (Madison file)
Box   4
Folder   15
Calendar
Box   4
Folder   16
A
Box   4
Folder   17
Allis Chalmers
Box   4
Folder   18
B
Box   4
Folder   19
Bong dedication
Box   4
Folder   20
C
Box   4
Folder   21
Column for Wyngaard
Box   5
Folder   1
Credit insurance
Box   5
Folder   2
Class reunion
Box   5
Folder   3
D
Box   5
Folder   4
Dairy caravan
Box   5
Folder   5
Diploma privileges
Box   5
Folder   6
Doar and Knowles, 1955-1957
Box   5
Folder   7-8
E-F
Box   5
Folder   9
Faegre and Benson
Box   5
Folder   10
Filibuster
Box   5
Folder   11
G
Box   5
Folder   12
Grantsburg Post Office
Box   5
Folder   13
Green Bay reformatory
Box   5
Folder   14
H
Box   5
Folder   15
Integration (Merger) of University of Wisconsin
Box   5
Folder   16-17
J-K
Box   5
Folder   18
Knowles, Robert
Box   5
Folder   19-20
L-M
Box   5
Folder   21
Miscellaneous drafts
Box   5
Folder   22
Morisette, Victor
Box   5
Folder   23-30
N-W
Box   5
Folder   31
Ward, Yvette
Box   5
Folder   32
Williams, Roger
Box   5
Folder   33
Y-Z
1957, Lt. Governor's correspondence file
Box   5
Folder   34-41
A-I
Box   6
Folder   1
Industrial development
Box   6
Folder   2-10
J-S
Box   6
Folder   11
Senate elections
Box   6
Folder   12
T
Box   7
Folder   1
Taxes
Box   7
Folder   2
U
Box   7
Folder   3
Urban and farm population
Box   7
Folder   4-5
W, Y-Z
1961-1962
Lieutenant Governor's correspondence file
Box   8
Folder   1
Calendar
Box   8
Folder   2-5
D-G
Box   8
Folder   6
Gates, Henry
Box   8
Folder   7-10
H-K
Box   8
Folder   11
Knowles-Personal
Box   8
Folder   12-14
L-M
Box   8
Folder   15
Miscellaneous and crank mail
Box   8
Folder   16-19
N-R
Box   9
S-Z
Lieutenant Governor's reference file
Box   10
Folder   1
Agriculture
Box   10
Folder   2
Bong Air Force Base
Box   10
Folder   3
Communism
Box   10
Folder   4
Conservation
Box   10
Folder   5
Education
Box   10
Folder   6
Highways
Box   10
Folder   7
Legislative distributions
Box   10
Folder   8
Miscellany
Box   10
Folder   9
Taxes
Box   10
Folder   10
Unemployment
Box   10
Folder   11
Your Legislator Reports
Box   10
Folder   12
Welfare
Knowles for Governor Campaign (1962)
Box   11
Folder   1
Curran, Charles (chairman)
Box   11
Folder   2
Pflugradt, Allen (treas.)
Box   11
Folder   3
Williams, Robert (public relations)
Box   11
Folder   4
Miscellaneous material
Box   11
Folder   5
Policy statements
District files
First District
Box   11
Folder   6
Green County
Box   11
Folder   7
Kenosha County
Box   11
Folder   8
Rock County
Box   11
Folder   9
Walworth County
Box   11
Folder   10
Racine County
Second District
Box   11
Folder   11
Columbia County
Box   11
Folder   12
Dane County
Box   11
Folder   13
Dodge County
Box   11
Folder   14
Jefferson County
Box   11
Folder   15
Waukesha County
Box   11
Folder   16
Third District
Box   11
Folder   17
La Crosse County
Box   11
Folder   18-19
Milwaukee
Sixth District
Box   11
Folder   20
Calumet County
Box   11
Folder   21
Fond du Lac County
Box   11
Folder   22
Ozaukee County
Box   11
Folder   23
Sheboygan County
Box   11
Folder   24
Washington County
Box   11
Folder   25
Winnebago County
Box   11
Folder   26
Seventh District
Box   11
Folder   27
Marathon County
Box   11
Folder   28
Waushara County
Box   11
Folder   29
Wood County
Box   11
Folder   30
Eighth District
Box   11
Folder   31
Brown County
Box   11
Folder   32
Door County
Box   11
Folder   33
Outagamie County
Box   11
Folder   34
Ninth District
Box   11
Folder   35
Eau Claire County
Box   12
Folder   1
Tenth District
Box   12
Folder   2
1956-1963 - Miscellaneous correspondence
1964
Box   12
Folder   3
Campaign plans
Box   12
Folder   4
General campaign material
PH 3723, PH 3723 (3)
Photo scrapbooks, circa 1954-1964
Physical Description: 243 photographs 
Mss 665
Series: Press Releases, 1940-1962
Box   13
Folder   1-3
General, 1940-1962
Series: Speeches, 1945-1964, undated
Box   13
Folder   4-7
Miscellaneous speeches
Disc 171A
Campaign spots produced for Knowles' unsuccessful U.S. senatorial campaign, 1957
1115A/3
Six campaign spots produced by Hoffman and York for Knowles campaign, 1958
1115A/1
Brief radio speech by Knowles asking for re-election as lieutenant governor, 1960?
1115A/1 (continued)
Speech on the need for tax revision particularly the institution of a sales tax, 1961 March 15
1115A/2
Brief remarks congratulating a new station on its first broadcast, undated
Mss 665
Series: Memorabilia and Biographical Information
Box   13
Folder   8
General career memorabilia
Box   13
Folder   9
Campaign memorabilia
Micro 1080
Clipping scrapbooks
Reel   19
Frame   1
1940-1945; 1950-1955
Reel   19
Frame   187
1956-1962
Reel   19
Frame   437
1962
Reel   19
Frame   561
1963-1964
Mss 665
Box   13
Folder   10
Miscellany
Box   15
Gavel
Series: Legal Files
Box   14
Folder   1
Warren P. Knowles Sr., Civil War roster, undated
Judge Warren P. Knowles
Box   14
Folder   2
Miscellaneous biographical material
Box   14
Folder   3
Notes, 1928-1931
Box   14
Folder   4
Cochrane-Tuttle, 1919-1933
Box   14
Folder   5
Currier, William H., 1915-1920
Box   14
Folder   6
Schultz-Shearer, 1915-1926
Box   14
Folder   7
Smith House, 1910-1926
Box   14
Folder   8
Spethman Mortgage, 1922
Box   14
Folder   9
Starkweather Estate, 1929-1935
Weyburn Security
Box   14
Folder   10
General file, 1924-1932
Box   14
Folder   11
Agreements
Box   14
Folder   12
Correspondence, 1937-1938
Box   14
Folder   13
Mortgage payment book
Box   14
Folder   14-15
Loose material
Micro 1080
Warren P. Knowles III
Reel   17
Frame   178
Will and testimonials of Judge Knowles
Chronological legal correspondence
Reel   17
Frame   203
1930-1950
Reel   18
Frame   1
1951-1954
Reel   18
Frame   757
S.J. Auringer cases, 1949-1950
Reel   18
Frame   811
Williams, Inc. 1947-1950
Mss 665
Series: Robert Knowles Papers, 1957
Box   14
Folder   17
Speech (undated) and Capitol Comment
Box   14
Folder   18-19
Constituent correspondence