UW-Milwaukee Department of Theatre Records, 1911-2015

Container Title
Series: 9/25/10-4: Species and Subjects
Scope and Content Note

AL apparently set up the species and subject files in the early 1920s in connection with his proposed book, "Southwestern Game Fields" (ms. 1927), later titled "Deer Management in the Southwest" (ms. 1929). See Southwestern book manuscripts in 9/25/10-6, Box 10.

Correspondence in the files indicates that after Mr. Leopold left the Southwest for Madison in 1924, he continued to send clippings, notes, and other items "for the files" to his co-authors in New Mexico, J. Stokely Ligon and R. Fred Pettit. It is not clear whether he ultimately brought those files to Madison (perhaps after his deer-hunting trip to New Mexico in November 1929, by which time work on the joint manuscript seems to have ceased), or whether he retained copies in back-up files of his own. At any rate, materials in the species and subject files in the UW-Madison Archives seem to have been written or collected almost entirely by AL.

The earliest material (to about 1929) relates largely to the "Southwestern" book and to a few of Mr. Leopold's early articles on game management. Some material in these files (1928-1930) pertains to general or summary aspects of the Report on a Game Survey of the North Central States (1931), although most material for individual state surveys is in the state files. A good deal of correspondence and other material, especially 1930-1931, concerns various sections of Leopold's textbook, Game Management (1933). After 1933, content of most of the folders is of a more miscellaneous nature and diminishes in quantity. Exceptions are certain species and subjects, such as upland game birds, whitetail deer, rabbits, cycles, food patches, etc., on which AL's research interests centered during the 1930s. In such folders, there is considerable correspondence with students and colleagues, as well as data and occasional working papers for articles. (See also the research area and project files, 9/25/10-5, and research manuscripts working papers, 9/25/10-6, Boxes 007 and 012.)

The species and subject files originally contained about equal quantities of correspondence and miscellaneous material. At the time the files were deposited by the University of Wisconsin Department of Wildlife Ecology, however, most of the published items (except for occasional duplicates) were removed, along with materials filed after 1948. (A few folders accessioned earlier are included in this series, and may include some published items.) Published materials removed from the files were mostly clippings and articles from state game bulletins and popular outdoor magazines, such as Outdoor Life . Certain folders containing solely published items were not accessioned, and contents of a few folders have been consolidated, but the series is arranged substantially as it was originally.

The correspondence in this series indicates the breadth and character of AL's contacts with sportsmen, wildlife researchers and administrators, government officials, businessmen, and various individuals throughout the country in other professional and private roles. It also indicates the extent to which certain of his research efforts consisted of synthesizing heterogeneous data and observations and experiences of others. In addition to correspondence, the files contain extracts from letters filed elsewhere; AL's notes on his own field observations (including many made while on forest inspection trips in the Southwest) and on observations reported to him by others; extracts from published sources; AL's "digests" of books and articles; a few clippings from mimeographed serials, such as United States Forest Service daily bulletins; occasional cross-references to material in other files; and manuscripts, charts, maps, checklists, and other working papers by AL.

Species folders are arranged by type of species: Big Game (Boxes 001-002), Upland Game Birds (Boxes 002-003), Songbirds (Box 003), Waterfowl (Box 004), Predators and Furbearers (Box 004), and Rodents, Fish, Exotics (Box 005). Subject folders follow in alphabetical order (Boxes 006-008).

Material within each folder is arranged chronologically, although in many cases the "original" AL material (correspondence, notes, manuscripts) is filed first and all miscellaneous (and often undated material) is filed at the end of each folder.

box 001
Species and Subjects: Big Game
box 001
folder 001
Big Game: Antelope
Note: 10 letters, misc., mss., 1915-1930f
box 001
folder 002
Big Game: Bears -- Black
Note: 2 letters, misc., 1921-1944
box 001
folder 003
Big Game: Bears -- Grizzly & Large
Note

Includes correspondence re AL's article, "The Grizzly--A Problem in Land Planning," Outdoor America (April 1942).

10 letters, notes, mss., 1921-1942

box 001
folder 004
Big Game: Buffalo
Note: 10 letters, misc., mss., 1918-1936
box 001
folder 005
Big Game: Caribou
Note

Concerns especially woodland caribou in the Red Lake District, Minnesota.

20 letters, misc., 1930-1943

box 001
folder 006
Big Game: Deer -- Blacktail
Note: 2 letters, misc., mss., 1921-1929f
box 001
folder 007
Big Game: Deer -- Mule
Note: 15 letters, misc., mss., 1922-1936f
box 001
folder 008
Big Game: Deer -- Whitetail
Note: 35 letters, misc., mss., 1919-1948
box 001
folder 009
Big Game: Deer -- Data on Census, Kill, Increase, Decrease, Antler Classes, etc.
Note: 90 letters, misc., mss., 1916-1940f (most 1923-1929)
box 001
folder 010
Big Game: Elk
Note: 5 letters, misc., mss., 1915-1946 (most 1921-1931)
box 001
folder 011
Big Game: Forest Service Reports of Game
Note: 20 letters, misc., mss., 1915-1936
box 002
Species & Subjects: Big Game; Upland Game Birds
box 002
folder 001
Big Game: Moose
Note: 5 letters, misc., mss., 1925-1943
box 002
folder 002
Big Game: Mountain Sheep
Note: 12 letters, misc., mss., 1916-1938
box 002
folder 003
Big Game: Misc. Mammals
Note

Musk ox, javelina, mountain goat.

3 letters, misc., 1922-1934

box 002
folder 004a
Upland Game Birds: Bobwhite
Note

Materials concerning game surveys and studies undertaken by AL, Paul Errington, Starker Leopold, Arthur Hawkins, and various UW researchers supervised by AL. These folders (004a and 004b) comprise some 360 letters, plus miscellaneous documents and manuscripts.

1915-1933

box 002
folder 004b
Upland Game Birds: Bobwhite
Note

In June 2007, folder 004 was divided for better preservation of the physical contents.

1934-1948

box 002
folder 005
Upland Game Birds: Quail Shortage of 1930
Note

Contents are mostly replies to AL's request for data, probably used for his paper, "The Quail Shortage of 1930" (no drafts).

30 letters, misc., 1930-1931

box 002
folder 006
Upland Game Birds: Quail Sex Ratio Tally
Note

This folder contains replies to AL's annual requests for data about quail sex ratio from game survey cooperators in the north central states, 1929-37, and tabulations. The study was apparently by AL in connection with Paul Errington's quail studies in Wisconsin..

100 letters, misc., 1929-1938

box 002
folder 007
Upland Game Birds: Quail -- California Valley
Note: 5 letters, misc., 1925-1936
box 002
folder 008
Upland Game Birds: Quail -- Gambel, Scaled, Mearns
Note

A few items, including reports (1922-24), pertain to the Quail Committee of the Albuquerque Game Protective Association, of which AL was chairman.

10 letters, misc., mss., 1920-1942

box 002
folder 009
Upland Game Birds: Doves & Pigeons
Note: 3 letters, misc., mss., 1920-1945
box 002
folder 010
Upland Game Birds: Red Grouse
Note: 13pp PY notes, misc., ca. 1930-1931
box 002
folder 011
Upland Game Birds: Ruffed Grouse
Note: 35 letters, misc., mss., ca. 1928-1947
box 002
folder 012
Upland Game Birds: Other Grouse -- Ptarmigan, Spruce Hen, Sage Hen, Blue Grouse, etc.
Note: 20 letters, misc., 1921-1944
box 003
Species & Subjects: Upland Game Birds; Songbirds
box 003
folder 001

Note: 20 letters, misc., mss., 1928-1942
box 003
folder 002
Upland Game Birds: Prairie Chicken (Pinnated & Sharp-Tailed Grouse)
Note: 45 letters, misc., mss., 1928-1946
box 003
folder 003
Upland Game Birds: Ringneck Pheasant
Note: 75 letters, misc., mss., 1928-1948
box 003
folder 004
Upland Game Birds: Pheasant Repellent
Note: 15 letters, 1945-1946
box 003
folder 005
Upland Game Birds: Turkey
Note: 30 letters, misc., mss., 1916-1942
box 003
folder 006
Upland Game Birds: Miscellaneous Birds
Note

Included are lists of birds seen, 1912-13, at Tres Piedras, New Mexico, and Burlington, Iowa; and other items on miscellaneous species.

8pp notes, 1912-1913; 6 letters, misc., 1919-1947

box 003
folder 007
Songbirds: Cardinal Song Record
Note

Contains "pin-up" tally sheets for days on which cardinals sing, filled in for AL by various cooperators in Wisconsin, and related correspondence.

letters, forms, 1946-1948

box 004
Species & Subjects: Waterfowl; Predators & Furbearers
box 004
folder 001
Waterfowl in General
Note

Correspondence with officials of the United States Biological Survey and others concerning waterfowl policy and administration. Also included are materials pertaining to miscellaneous species and research.

35 letters, misc., mss., 1921-1948

box 004
folder 002
Waterfowl: River Ducks, Diving Ducks
Note: 10 letters, misc., mss., 1920-1948
box 004
folder 003
Waterfowl: Canada Geese, Other Geese
Note: 15 letters, misc., 1922-1948
box 004
folder 004
Waterfowl: Jacksnipe, Woodcock, & Shorebirds
Note

Among other materials are some pertaining to AL's paper, "The decline of the Jacksnipe in southern Wisconsin," Wilson Bulletin (1930).

25 letters, misc., mss., 1927-1944

box 004
folder 005
Waterfowl: Sandhill Crane
Note: 30 letters, misc., mss., 1929-1947
box 004
folder 006
Waterfowl: Swans
Note: 5 letters, 1934-1943
box 004
folder 007
Predators & Furbearers: Beaver
Note: 2 letters, misc., 1921-1947
box 004
folder 008
Predators & Furbearers: Bobcat, Lynx
Note: 5 letters, misc., 1922-1948
box 004
folder 009
Predators & Furbearers: Crows, Magpies, Ravens
Note: 15 letters, misc., mss., 1918-1942
box 004
folder 010
Predators & Furbearers: Eagle
Note: 10 letters, misc., 1921-1947
box 004
folder 011
Predators & Furbearers: Red & Gray Fox
Note: 10 letters, misc., 1929-1947
box 004
folder 012
Predators & Furbearers: Hawks & Owls
Note: 8 letters, misc., 1928-1948
box 004
folder 013
Predators & Furbearers: Housecats
Note: 15 letters, misc., 1928-1930f
box 004
folder 014
Predators & Furbearers: Mountain Lion, Cougar, Jaguar
Note: 20 letters, misc., 1917-1947
box 004
folder 015
Predators & Furbearers: Porcupine
Note: 2 letters, misc., 1923-1945
box 004
folder 016
Predators & Furbearers: Wolves & Coyotes
Note: 15 letters, misc., mss., 1919-1947
box 004
folder 017
Miscellaneous Predators & Furbearers
Note: 30 letters, misc., mss., 1923-1947
box 005
Species & Subjects: Rodents; Fish; Exotics
box 005
folder 001
Rodents: Rabbit -- Cottontail & Swamp
Note: 15 letters, misc., 1930-1947
box 005
folder 002
Rodents: Cottontail Scarcity Study, 1936-1939
Note: Folders 002 and 003 contain field observation forms filled out by cooperators in Wisconsin and related correspondence pertaining to a study of rabbit abundance in which AL was apparently engaged as early as 1926.
box 005
folder 003
Rodents: Cottontail Scarcity Study, 1939-1941
box 005
folder 004
Rodents: Rabbit -- Jack
Note: misc., 1928-1946
box 005
folder 005
Rodents: Rabbit -- Snowshoe
Note: 20 letters, misc., 1927-1947
box 005
folder 006
Rodents: Squirrels
Note: 25 letters, misc., 1922-1947
box 005
folder 007
Rodents -- General
Note: 5 letters, misc., mss., 1939-1947
box 005
folder 008
Fish: Trout
Note: 12 letters, misc., 1916-1934
box 005
folder 009
Fish: Carp
Note: 2 letters, misc., mss., 1928-1939
box 005
folder 010
Fish: Game Fishes -- Miscellaneous
Note: misc., 1923-1942
box 005
folder 011
Exotics: European Hare and Rabbit
Note: 6 misc., ca. 1931
box 005
folder 012
Exotics: Red Deer, Roe Deer
Note: 12 misc., 1934-1936
box 005
folder 013
Exotics: Black Game
Note: 10 misc., 1930-1937
box 005
folder 014
Exotics: Capercailzie (Capercaillie)
Note: 7 misc., 1932-1938
box 005
folder 015
Exotics: Other Exotic Game
Note: 10 letters & misc., 1929-1942
box 006
Species & Subjects: Subjects A-E
box 006
folder 001
Accidents
Note: 40 letters, misc., 1928-1948
box 006
folder 002
Breeding & Nesting Habits
Note: 5 letters, charts, misc., 1935-1944
box 006
folder 003
Census
Note: 10 misc., 1933-1940
box 006
folder 004
Cycles, 1928-1932
Note: 60 letters, misc., mss., charts
box 006
folder 005
Cycles, 1933-1948
Note: 40 letters, misc., mss.
box 006
folder 006
(Cycles) WPA Newspaper Search
Note

This is AL's file of correspondence with Leonard Wing and others concerning a WPA-financed newspaper search for game notes for a wildlife cycle study. See official WPA file below.

40 letters, misc., 1938-1939

box 006
folder 007
Leopold -- Wildlife Cycles (WPA Files)
Note

Contains official correspondence, project proposals, work progress, summary reports, and miscellaneous items pertaining to the WPA-financed Wildlife Population Study, University Social Research, supervised by AL.

1937-1940

box 006
folder 008
Cycles -- Cartwright & Bach Correspondence
Note

Includes correspondence initiated by B.W. Cartwright of Ducks Unlimited in response to AL's 1943 pheasant paper, discussing cyclic theory, particularly in relation to predation and population turnover. Roy N. Bach was working on the same problem independently.

15 letters, 1944

box 006
folder 009
Diseases -- General
Note: 10 letters, charts, misc., 1925-1938
box 006
folder 010
Economic Value of Game
Note: 10 letters, misc., mss., 1929-1943
box 006
folder 011
European Methods of Management
Note: 15 misc., 1928-1935
box 007
Species & Subjects: Subjects F-O
box 007
folder 001
Flock Habits
Note: 3 letters, 1935
box 007
folder 002
Food Habits
Note: 5 letters, misc., 1933-1944
box 007
folder 003
Food Selection & Palatability
Note

Correspondence with Stoddard, McAtee, and Errington concerns AL's proposal for research on wildlife food selection.

5 letters, mss., 1936

box 007
folder 004
Food Yields
Note: 3 letters, misc., mss., 1936-1940
box 007
folder 005
Forestry
Note: 2 letters, misc., 1940-1946
box 007
folder 006
Game Bird Population Mechanisms
Note

Contents concern research on criteria of breeding by I. Buss, C. Kabat, and Dr. R.K. Meyer.

10 letters, misc., 1942-1944

box 007
folder 007
Game and Fire
Note

Most of the correspondence dates from 1922-23 and concerns AL's article, "Wild Followers of the Forest," American Forests (September 1923).

50 letters, misc., mss., 1922-1944

box 007
folder 008
Game Food and Cover
Note

Contents deal mostly with foods of Southwestern deer.

35 letters, misc., mss., 1922-1941

box 007
folder 009
Game Food Patches
Note: 35 letters, misc., mss., 1933-1938
box 007
folder 010
History of Conservation in Europe & Asia
Note

Included are materials relating to AL's article, "The forestry of the prophets" (1920), and his 1935 trip to Germany.

5 letters, misc., mss., 1920-1940

box 007
folder 011
Medieval Wildlife Management History
Note

AL was interested in the possibility of joint research with A.G. Solalinde.

15 items, 1930-1934

box 007
folder 012
History of American Game Management
Note: 3 letters, misc., 1937-1940
box 007
folder 013
History of Game -- Wisconsin
Note

Materials pertain to organization for research by the Wisconsin Conservation Commission (AL was apparently a member of the Research Bureau, ca. 1932). Working drafts and a corrected copy of the published version of AL's "Wisconsin Wildlife Chronology" (1940) are also included.

10 letters, misc., mss., 1929-1944

box 007
folder 014
Legislation
Note: 5 bills, 1939-1949
box 007
folder 015
Longevity
Note: misc., 1931-1943
box 007
folder 016
Mechanical Devices
Note: 8 letters, sketches, mss., 1931-1938
box 008
Species & Subjects: Subjects P-Z
box 008
folder 001
Palatability Tests
Note

Materials concern a cooperative study (apparently supervised by AL) by A.S. Hawkins of the Illinois Natural History Survey and William Feeney of the University of Wisconsin Arboretum.

15 letters, reports, 1939-1940

box 008
folder 002
Physiology
Note: 2 items, 1944-1947
box 008
folder 003
Planting, Nursery Stock, etc.
Note: 27 letters, misc., 1934-1940
box 008
folder 004
Poison, Repellents
Note: 15 letters, misc., 1940-1947
box 008
folder 005
Predator Control, Predation
Note: 10 letters, misc., 1929-1941
box 008
folder 006
Psychology
Note

Correspondence with Stoddard, McAtee, and J.C. Phillips concerns instinct in birds and an article by K. Lorenz.

6 letters, notes, 1937

box 008
folder 007
Range Tallies
Note: 15 tally sheets and summaries, 1931-1939
box 008
folder 008
Raptor Techniques
Note: 1 letter, 1937
box 008
folder 009
Rare Species
Note: 10 letters, maps, misc., 1940-1942
box 008
folder 010
Record Game Heads of North America
Note

Includes correspondence with Alfred Ely, Chairman of Records of North American Big Game, about measurement of big game heads in Wisconsin by William Elder.

15 letters, forms, misc., 1936-1938

box 008
folder 011
Research -- General
Note: maps, charts, misc., 1936-1938
box 008
folder 012
Rodent Management
Note

Contains records and correspondence about AL's travels through the West in the summer of 1939 as a consultant to the Soil Conservation Service, focusing especially on rodent control. Correspondence with Jean M. Linsdale, Ira Gabrielson, Leo Couch, Albert Day, A.E. Borell, [F.E. Garlough], et al., concerns AL's efforts to promote rodent management (environmental control) as an alternative to poisoning.

25 letters, mss., 1939-1940

box 008
folder 013
Salt, Mineral, & Grit Requirements
Note: misc., 1932-1943
box 008
folder 014
Sex & Age Criteria and Ratios
Note: 10 letters, misc., 1933-1944
box 008
folder 015
Snowbreaks: Vegetation on Rights-of-Way
Note: 20 letters, mss., 1931-1934
box 008
folder 016
Songbird Management
Note: misc., 1915-1934
box 008
folder 017
Streambank Improvement for Wildlife Management
Note

Contains a report prepared by Otis Bersing of the Wisconsin Conservation Department, along with AL's criticisms.

1944

box 008
folder 018
Tularemia
Note: 10 letters, misc., 1928-1939
box 008
folder 019
Water Requirements
Note: 25 letters, misc., mss., 1928-1943
box 008
folder 020
Weather Records
Note: 3 items, 1929-1941
box 008
folder 021
Weights of Game
Note: 3 letters, misc., mss., 1920-1941
box 008
folder 022
Wilderness Areas
Note

This is AL's wilderness file, containing correspondence, memos, maps, manuscripts, clippings from the United States Forest Service Bulletin (mimeo), and other miscellaneous items pertaining to establishment of the Gila Wilderness, general wilderness area policy, and the wilderness idea.

20 letters, 2 memos, 2 maps, 6 manuscripts (by AL), 18 clippings, & misc., 1922-1940

box 008
folder 023
Wildflower Management
Note: Original AL material that had been sent to J.T. Curtis was replaced in the Leopold Papers in August 2007.