Aldo Leopold papers

Container Title
Series: 9/25/10-11: Forest Service Records
Scope and Content Note

During the years of Mr. Leopold's employment with the US Forest Service, 1909-1928, most of his correspondence, memoranda, and reports were official government documents, and were retained in Forest Service files. Many of these files were apparently destroyed or lost over the years. Most of the remaining records are scattered through scores of boxes or folders in the National Archives, various federal record centers, and USFS offices, and are virtually never identified in indexes as pertaining to Aldo Leopold. For this reason, the UW-Madison Archives has undertaken to secure Xerox or microfilm copies of such records as could be found.

There is one box of material in this series (Box 001) from Mr. Leopold's own files, containing the Carson Pine Cone newsletter and handbooks that he prepared for District 3.

Xeroxed and microfilmed records comprise the remainder of the series. There are Xeroxed reports and miscellaneous items dating from AL's years on the Apache and Carson National Forests and in the district headquarters, found in various repositories, principally the Federal Record Center, Denver (Box 002); copies of the inspection reports filed by Leopold when he was District 3 Chief of Operations (Box 003); a Xerox copy of AL's atlas-size Grand Canyon Working Plan (Folio 001); and two microfilms--one of his official federal personnel record, the other of selected documents from US Forest Service records in the National Archives. The location of the original documents is indicated on the copies.

Other Forest Service materials from AL's files but not in this series are his official diaries, included with other diaries and journals in 9/25/10-7, Box 001; a few manuscripts filed with his writings, especially in the "Forestry and Land Use" folder, 9/25/10-6, Box 016; some correspondence in the species and subject files, 9/25/10-4; and correspondence from these years in the family correspondence files, 9/25/10-8, Boxes 007-009 (these folders also contain occasional manuscripts and memoranda that AL sent along with his letters). See also Forest Service photographs in Iconography files, Series 3/1; particularly Box 86, folders 2 and 5, and Box 87, album 3.

box 001
Forest Service Records: Carson Pine Cone ; Handbooks; Miscellaneous
box 001
folder 001
Carson Pine Cone , June 1911-July 1912
Note: The Carson Pine Cone was a monthly mimeographed bulletin intended for Forest Service use only and designed to unite and inform the members of the Carson National Forest staff. AL joined the Carson staff as Deputy Forest Supervisor (later, Supervisor) in June 1911, and was instrumental in founding and editing this paper, which contained editorials, poems, news items, personal notes, etc. A number of items were signed by AL, including poems and several letters to the staff that he wrote while on extended leave. AL's set is not complete, but it has been augmented by Xerox copies of issues available at the Carson National Forest headquarters in Taos, NM, donated by Mr. Don Seaman, Forest Supervisor. AL's set was deposited by Mrs. Leopold.
box 001
folder 002
Carson Pine Cone , July 1912-March 1914
Note: Further issues of the Carson Pine Cone . Also included is Roderick Nash's original (1961) list of issues extant in the papers.
box 001
folder 003
Carson Pine Cone , Cover Tracings and Prints
Note: Copies of a number of sketches by AL for covers of issues of the Carson Pine Cone . They were deposited by Mrs. Leopold, who apparently retained some of the original drawings.
box 001
folder 004
Game and Fish Handbook, 1915
Note: Bound volume containing a 109p mimeographed handbook, with AL's penciled notations for revision, reports on game and fish 1913-1917, and various notes by AL. Although unsigned, the handbook was prepared by AL for USFS District 3 in 1915; and some of the reports may also have been prepared by him. The handbook apparently received fairly wide distribution within the District and beyond. Another copy has been located, in the National Agricultural Library, and an additional copy surfaced in the Forest Service records kept by the Sharlot Hall Museum in Prescott, Arizona. The UW-Madison Archives' copy is presently on indefinite loan to the UW Department of Wildlife Ecology, where it is on display in the departmental library display case. Records indicate that AL also prepared a term permit handbook for the District around 1916-1917, but there was no copy in his files and no trace of it has been found elsewhere.
box 001
folder 005
Watershed Handbook, 1923
Note: This is a bound mimeographed handbook, 28p + 4 figures. It was apparently prepared by AL, although unsigned, and was issued in December 1923 as the first section of a proposed "Lands Handbook" for the Southwestern District (D3), USFS. There is no indication that the complete "Lands Handbook" was ever issued, but in the National Agricultural Library in Washington, D.C., are copies of the Watershed Handbook (1923) and revisions of 1933 and 1934, to which AL apparently contributed at least an Appendix VII, "Watershed Bibliographies." Donated by A. Starker Leopold.
box 002
Forest Service Records: Miscellaneous Documents, Xerox Copies
box 002
folder 001
Apache National Forest, 1909-1911
Note: Includes planting reports by AL, November 1909 and November 1910; report on a timber sale and related documents, April 1910; an Apache newsletter of May 1910 signed by AL; and a report on a requested elimination, March 1911. AL was Forest Assistant. All materials are from FRC, Denver.
box 002
folder 002
Apache Ranger Meeting, 8-10 September 1910
Note: 42-page report on a meeting in which AL participated. The report was xeroxed from a mimeographed copy in the office of J. Morton Smith, I & E, USFS-R3, Albuquerque.
box 002
folder 003
Carson National Forest, 1911-1913
Note: Contains material on the Carson National Forest, where AL was Forest Supervisor, 1911-13. Included are correspondence and memoranda on proposed boundary changes.
box 002
folder 004
Uses -- Recreation
Note

AL was in charge of recreational uses and term permits for District 3 from 1915-17. Included are a report on Lake Mary public use area and a map for the Oak Creek area in the Coconino National Forest. [From FRC, Denver.] See also Grand Canyon Working Plan (Folio 1). AL apparently made a number of other studies and reports, and prepared a term permit handbook for the District, but these have not been found.

1916f

box 002
folder 005
Carhart Memo
Note

4-page "Memorandum for Mr. Leopold, District 3," supplementing a conversation between Arthur H. Carhart and AL, 6 December 1919, on wilderness. It was Xeroxed from the files of the Conservation Library Center, Denver Public Library, November 1968.

10 December 1919

box 002
folder 006
Report on D-1 Trip
Note

19-page report by AL on a trip he made June 15-July 23, 1926, to look for chances for Forest Products Laboratory cooperation in National Forest management work in D-1. Xeroxed from copy at Conservation Library Center, Denver Public Library, November 1968.

June 15-July 23, 1926

box 003
Forest Service Records: Inspection Reports, 1919-1923
Note

From August 1919 to June 1924, AL served as Chief of Operations (Assistant District Forester in Charge of Operations) for District 3 of the US Forest Service. His primary responsibility in this position was to conduct inspection tours of the individual forests within the district and to prepare inspection reports for the district forester. During his tenure in this position, AL prepared thirteen reports; copies of all thirteen reports are in this box.

The reports offer a unique and valuable view not only into the development of Forest Service administration, but into the evolution of AL's understanding of conservation. These were crucial years in AL's changing ideas and activities involving game management, soil erosion and range management, recreation and wilderness protection, forest administration, and conservation philosophy. The inspection reports allow us to trace many of these new directions back to his field experiences in the Southwest.

Reports are arranged chronologically in the box and are labeled by the area surveyed. In addition to the reports themselves, the folders contain related correspondence, filed with the reports, between AL, the District Forester, Forest Supervisors, and Washington officials. The later reports include a substantial amount of dark and difficult to read pages; these are facsimiles of the original inspection tally sheets which AL developed, used during inspection, and included in his reports. Many pages also include margin notes by various readers, particularly the District Forester. (Later margin notes are those of Curt Meine, AL's biographer.)

The overall quality of the copies varies. Two of the reports (Datil 1919 and Manzano 1920) were copied from originals at the Federal Records Center in Denver by Dr. Susan Flader. The others are Xerox copies of Xerox copies; the originals of the aforementioned reports and the other eleven turned up, after having been presumed lost, in the files of the Tonto National Forest at forest headquarters in Phoenix, Arizona. They were located there by Forest Archaeologist Martin MacAllister, and copies were placed in the UW-Madison Archives in December 1988. An additional folder contains miscellaneous inspection-related memos and correspondence.

box 003
folder 001
Inspection: Carson National Forest, 1919
Note: 7p, correspondence
box 003
folder 002
Inspection: Datil National Forest, 1919
Note: 5 p, correspondence
box 003
folder 003
Inspection: Tajique District, Manzano National Forest, 1920
Note: 12p, correspondence
box 003
folder 004
Inspection: Prescott National Forest, 1920
Note: 17p memoranda, correspondence
box 003
folder 005
Inspection: Jemez Division, Santa Fe National Forest, 1920
Note: 11p memoranda
box 003
folder 006
Inspection Report: Sitgreaves National Forest, 1921
Note: 19p, correspondence, misc.
box 003
folder 007
Inspection Report: Apache National Forest, 1921
Note: 39p, correspondence
box 003
folder 008
Inspection Report: Lincoln National Forest, 1921
Note: 36p, correspondence, misc.
box 003
folder 009
Inspection Report: Gila National Forest, 1922
Note

While AL was inspecting the Gila National Forest (21 May to 27 June, 1922), a series of intense fires broke out. The inspection report includes AL's "Notes on Gila Fires." It was also on this trip that AL, with Forest Supervisor Fred Winn, formalized plans for setting aside the Gila Wilderness Area. The report includes a map of the proposed roadless area, an extensive plan and policy discussion under Section I (Lands), and a copy of AL's "Report on Proposed Wilderness Area" of 2 Oct. 1922.

30p, correspondence, maps, misc.

box 003
folder 010
Inspection Report: Prescott National Forest, 1922
Note: 56p, correspondence
box 003
folder 011
Inspection: Manzano National Forest, 1923
Note: 33p, correspondence
box 003
folder 012
Inspection: Santa Fe National Forest, 1923
Note: 45p, correspondence
box 003
folder 013
Inspection: Tonto National Forest, 1923
Note: 51p, correspondence, map
box 003
folder 014
Inspection Reports, 1919-1923, misc.
Note: 3 memos
folio 1 (F01)
Grand Canyon Working Plan (Xerox)
Note

Bound copy of a report, "Grand Canyon Working Plan: Uses, Information, Recreational Development," by Don P. Johnson, Forest Supervisor and AL, Forest Examiner, December 1916. Dr. A. Starker Leopold deposited the Xerox copy in the UW-Madison Archives on 17 Oct. 1967, shortly after it was discovered at the Grand Canyon (where the original remains). It is atlas-size, 18" x 21", typed in 2 columns and organized in numbered paragraphs.

The report deals with zoning for various classes of service at the Canyon and general principles pertaining to relations between government and private interests. The appendix is specific, dealing with particular concessions, operators, trails, administrative problems, etc., and recommends immediate steps toward implementing the zones in the plan. Handwritten notations by FCWP (Frank Pooler) and TEW (T. Earl Wylder) indicate what actions were taken.

Xerox maps and exhibits are bound with the report: included are "Supplemental plan for development of the Village of Grand Canyon" by Frank A. Waugh, Collaborator, 1918; "A plan for the Development of the Village of Grand Canyon, Arizona," by Frank A. Waugh, Collaborator, 1918 (23 p.); and "Plans and sketches: proposed developments, rim and Indian Gardens, by Santa Fe Land and Improvement Co.," (maps and drawings, 8 p.).

reel 1 (MF1)
Forest Service Records: Official Federal Personnel Record [microfilm]
Note: Microfilm record of material in the Aldo Leopold Official Federal Personnel folder, apparently located at the Federal Records Center, St. Louis. Permission to microfilm was granted by Mr. Donald G. Coleman, US Forest Products Laboratory, January 1962. The record on this roll consists of two chronological series, the first being AL's official employment papers (appointments and resignations), and the second being his official FS correspondence, 1919-29. The latter also includes some letters of condolence to Mrs. Leopold, 1948 and later.
reel 2 (MF2)
Forest Service Records: Selected Documents (National Archives) [microfilm]
Note: All records on this film are from Record Group 95, Records of the Forest Service, National Archives, and were selected in August 1968 by Susan Flader. Included are whatever relevant documents could be turned up in a random examination of Forest Service records. A total of 305 pages were filmed. Included are records from the divisions of operations, range management, information and education, and wildlife management, as well as three different research compilation files. Specific records pertain to Carson National Forest game management and protection, fire protection, and grazing. There is material about a 1915 article by AL and Charles H. Jennings, "Applied science in forest fire fighting," as well as AL's articles, "Restocking the National Forests with elk," 1917; "Wanted--National forest game refuges," 1919; "The wilderness fallacy," 1917; and "Forestry and game conservation," 1917.