Aldo Leopold papers

Container Title
Series: 9/25/10-2: Organizations, Committees
Scope and Content Note

This series includes correspondence and other documents (c. 1929-48) pertaining to professional societies, committees, conservation organizations, government agencies, research stations, conferences, consultant positions, magazines, and journals. Mr. Leopold was actively involved in some official capacity with virtually all of these; for most, he prepared reports, memoranda, or articles. The papers contain many instances of Mr. Leopold's conservation philosophy in practice.

Equivalent materials from the years prior to 1928 were probably not as voluminous, and some may have been lost. Others may be found, however, with the professional correspondence that Mr. Leopold kept at his home (9/25/10-8 001 001), and also scattered throughout the species and subject files.

Papers are generally arranged in reverse chronological order; but within this general framework it is clear that AL clipped together some batches of correspondence thematically.

box 001
Organizations, Committees: A
box 001
folder 001
American Forestry Association, 1928-1947
Note

Most correspondence up to 1934 is with Ovid Butler of the American Forestry Association, concerning issues and articles for publication.

25 letters

box 001
folder 002
American Game Association, Game Policy Committee, 1930-1932
Note

AL chaired this committee and wrote most of its reports, including the "Game Policy" adopted by the American Game Conference, 2 December 1930. A rough draft of the 1929 report dated 15 July 1929 is the only material present for 1929, when the initial policy report was drafted. The American Game Association ceased to exist in 1936, when it was absorbed by the new American Wildlife Institute (AWI).

120 letters, reports, and articles

box 001
folder 003
American Game Conference, 1933
Note

The 19th American Game Conference authorized a committee, chaired by Arthur L. Clark, to consider an "American Standard of Perfection for Game Birds." In January 1933 AL accepted a position on an advisory council to this committee. Included is a resolution to establish a Modern Game Breeding Law Committee, with AL as chairman.

5 letters and statements

box 001
folder 004
American Jacksnipe Society, November 1931
Note

Includes a copy of AL's "The Proposed American Jacksnipe Society" and comments by nine men. (See also Burr G. Lichty, "The American Jacksnipe Society," American Field, CXX:48, 2 December 1933, l.)

10 letters

box 001
folder 005
American Ornithologists' Union, 1929-1947
Note

Most of the correspondence concerns reports of the Committee on Bird Protection, which AL co-authored with Victor Cahalane, William L. Finley, and Clarence Cottam, 1938-1942. AL was elected an associate of the Union in 1929 and a member in 1935.

ca. 35 letters

box 001
folder 006
American Society of Mammalogists, 1930-1941
Note

Contains annual meeting programs, 1930-1932; 3 letters regarding legislation, 1931; and a memo to AL as member of an editorial committee and reply, 1941.

8 items

box 001
folder 007
American Society of Mammalogists, Mammals committee (Committee on Conservation of Land Mammals) 1941-1942
Note: Material relates to wolf policy in the lake states, including studies by William Feeney, and a reference by Elliott Barker to the remnant population of grizzly bears in New Mexico.
box 001
folder 008
American Wildlife Institute
Note

Correspondence concerns wildlife conference suggestions, articles for American Wildlife , and a job with the Institute. Also included is a 1946 Wildlife Management Institute report.

10 letters, 1935-1939

box 001
folder 009
AWI, Technical Committee1935(6?)-1939
Note

Contains correspondence regarding the background of Pittmann-Robertson (P-R) funds (October 1936); the relative roles of the United States Biological Surveyand universities; and projects, project reports (e.g., wildlife crops), and research proposals (e.g., cycles, jacksnipe, deer, farm conservation). AL was chairman of the AWI Technical Committee, which also included Herb Stoddard, Gardiner Bump, George C. Embody, Carl L. Hubbs, and possibly others. The function of the committee was to pass on grants of research funds made by the Institute and to review the research work of the recipients, ten in number by 1940, including units working at the Delta Duck Station and in Michigan, Missouri, Idaho, etc.

75 letters, misc.

box 001
folder 010
AWI, Technical Committee, 1940
Note

Includes correspondence on Maine salmon research and on the inadequacy of the committee as presently structured.

25 letters

box 001
folder 011
AWI, Technical Committee, 1941
Note

Includes general correspondence and material relating to AL's visit to research units in Utah and Oregon, a pole-trapping incident (including American Ornithologists' Union materials), and an Ohio pheasant manuscript on which AL commented.

40 letters

box 001
folder 012
AWI, Technical Committee, 1942-1946
Note

Half of the correspondence (1941-1942) concerns an introduction by AL to F. H. Kortright's "Ducks, Geese, and Swans of North America" and publication of the manuscript, ultimately undertaken by AWI. The remainder relates generally to wartime curtailment of technical committee work.

40 letters

box 001
folder 013
Arctic Institute of North America
Note

AL was invited to become an associate of the Arctic Institute of North America in 1948, but declined because he opposed the objective of development of the Arctic.

7 letters, 2 pamphlets, 1946-1948

box 002
Organizations, Committees: B-E
box 002
folder 001
Boone and Crockett Club
Note

About 25 letters (c. 1922-1930) with George Bird Grinnell, Robert Ferguson, Kermit Roosevelt, et al., concern big game policy in National Forests and Parks, including the Kaibab. The remainder date from 1945-1948. AL was elected associate member of the club in 1923.

35 letters, 1922-1948

box 002
folder 002
Bright Land Farm Waterfowl Experiment Station
Note

This station at Barrington, Illinois, was organized on 15 November 1940, with AL and Miles D. Pirnie as advisors. Lyle Sowls and William Elder were also involved.

6 letters, organizational report, 1940-1941

box 002
folder 003
Brule Project
Note

Materials concern a Brule River survey that involved AL in his role as Conservation Commissioner. Norman Fassett, Arthur Hasler, et al. were also involved.

4 items, 1944-1945

box 002
folder 004
Chautauqua Conservation Week
Note

Jay Darling had been in charge of this program, scheduled for July 14-19, 1941, but due to illness he asked AL to take over in November 1940. H. H. Bennett, C. E. Rachford, Paul Sears, Ira Gabrielson, and H. W. Thompson had been selected as participants when the program was finally cancelled in March 1941.

25 letters, 1940-1941

box 002
folder 005
Conservation Foundation
Note

Materials from 1947 include several prospectuses and approximately 20 letters concerning establishment of the Conservation Foundation, especially with George Brewer and Fairfield Osborn of the New York Zoological Society, the sponsoring organization. Correspondence for 1948 deals with meetings of the advisory council, which included AL, Charles Elton, G. Evelyn Hutchinson, William Vogt, Alexander Wetmore, and others.

30 letters, misc., 1947-1948

box 002
folder 006
Cooper Ornithological Club
Note: Contains copy of the 1912 Constitution and a 1929 mimeo letter concerning investigation of problems of bird conservation in California.
box 002
folder 007
Deer Irruption Study (& Richard Costley)
Note

Contains correspondence with Richard Costley, Ira Gabrielson, H. L. Shantz, William Feeney, et al., and 3 drafts of AL's "Deer Irruption Study" with correspondence regarding prospects for government support. Richard Costley, a student of V. E. Shelford with an abortive fellowship at the University of Wisconsin, was encouraged by AL to do a study of deer, probably in undisturbed Northern Mexico. In January 1943, Richard Costley was made chairman of a subcommittee (Ecological Society of America, Committee for the Study of Plant and Animal Communities) to handle the problem of over-utilization of natural areas by deer, etc.

20 letters, misc., 1941-1943

box 002
folder 008
Ducks Unlimited
Note

Contains correspondence for 1939-1940 that concerns organization, policy, and leadership of the Canadian restoration program and the US lobby. Correspondence with Tom Main, M. W. Smith, B. W. Cartwright, C. A. Gross, Albert Hochbaum, et al. during 1946-1947 concerns Ducks Unlimited policy, AL's hopes for a reorientation, and the withdrawal of his membership in July 1947.

20 letters, 1939-1940; 90 letters, 1946-1950

box 002
folder 009
Ecological Society of America (ESA)
Note

Reprints and mimeos, 1932-1939, concern the Committee for the Study of Plant and Animal Communities and the Committee on the Preservation of Plant and Animal Communities, of which AL may have ceased to be a member about 1933. Five letters in 1936 concern the possibility of Ecology serving as the official organ for the recently organized Society of Wildlife Managers. AL was appointed in 1944 to the Preservation Committee for Wisconsin, with T. M. Sperry and C. B. Terrell. Seventeen letters concern AL's election In 1946 as vice-president of the Society.

40 items, 1936-1950

box 002
folder 010
ESA, 1947
Note

Correspondence concerns business of the Ecological Society of America (ESA), especially appointments to committees. AL was elected president for 1947. Several letters concern AL's posthumous address as past president of the Society, for which Mr. Hickey suggested using "The Land Ethic."

80 letters, 1947-1948

box 002
folder 011
ESA, Life Histories Committee -- file for President
Note

Correspondence concerns establishment of the committee. (This material is partially duplicated in the ESA 1947 folder.)

15 letters, 1947

box 002
folder 012
ESA, Symposium, December 1947
Note

Contains correspondence with participants in a round table discussion of animal population mechanisms, chaired by AL. Also included are AL's introduction (pencil, mimeo, and typed revision) and manuscripts of McCabe and Buss, Hawkins and Bellrose, Beer, and Errington.

25 letters, misc., 1947

box 002
folder 013
Ecologists' Union
Note

This organization, founded in 1946, may have split from ESA.

3 letters, 3 mimeos, 1946-1947

box 003
Organizations, Committees: Delta [Duck Station -- Manitoba]
Note

Box 003 continues Leopold's "organization and committee" files. AL's relationship to Albert Hochbaum's waterfowl research at the Delta Duck Station, Delta, Manitoba, was organizationally complex. Delta was one of the research units financed by the American Wildlife Institute, under supervision of its Technical Committee, chaired by AL (see AWI folders, Box 001). Among other duties, AL apparently handled Delta financial arrangements for the Institute. Hochbaum was AL's student at the time he began his research at Delta in 1938, and later received his master's degree from the University of Wisconsin for a thesis based on early Delta findings. Miles D. Pirnie of Michigan, however, was to supervise Hochbaum's research work at Delta while AL was to serve as a policy adviser.

Along with Pirnie and William Rowan, AL was appointed to a Delta Board of Advisors, created in 1940 by the Cooperators (James Ford Bell and AWI), and it was apparently in this capacity that he undertook to edit Hochbaum's "Bulletin No. l," published as "Canvasback on a Prairie Marsh" in 1944. After 1942, AL apparently had no official connection with the station; correspondence thereafter is with Hochbaum as a professional and friend.

box 003
folder 001
Delta, 1938
Note: 80 letters, December 1937-1938
box 003
folder 002
Delta, 1939
Note: 110 letters
box 003
folder 003
Delta, 1940
Note: 185 letters
box 003
folder 004
Delta, 1941
Note

Correspondence concerns the origins of AWI support of research work at Delta, with AL in his role as chairman of the Institute's Technical Committee; Delta finances; administrative matters pertaining to Hochbaum as University of Wisconsin student; policy discussions with Pirnie, Rowan, et al.; and preparation of Delta reports, especially "Bulletin No. l."

100 letters

box 003
folder 005
Delta, 1942-Feb. 1943
Note

Letters relate to running Delta on a reduced wartime budget, and Hochbaum's possible resignation.

80 letters, 1942-February 1943

box 003
folder 006
Delta, April 1943-1948
Note

Correspondence between AL and Hochbaum concerns new ideas on traditions of waterfowl, activities of Ducks Unlimited, etc.

50 letters, 1943-1948

box 003
folder 007
Leopold-Hochbaum Correspondence
Note

Contains handwritten letters from AL, copies of which were not in AL's own files (Folder 006). Hochbaum deposited this folder in the UW-Madison Archives on 4 March 1968. In July 2007, Dr. Susan Flader deposited several letters between AL and Hochbaum, dated 6 May 1942.

35 letters, 1939-1948

box 003
folder 008
Delta, Technical
Note

Contains carbon copies (concerning technical research matters) sent to AL for his files.

5 letters, 1941-1942

box 003
folder 009
Delta Bulletin No. 1
Note

Most of this correspondence dates from October 1941-November 1942 and concerns AL's editing of Hochbaum's manuscript. A few letters concern the book in proofs (October-November 1943) and published (March-November 1944).

65 letters, 1941-1944

box 003
folder 010
Delta Bulletin No. 1, Drawings
box 004
Organizations, Committees: F-L
box 004
folder 001
Farm Foundation
Note

Alexander Legge established the Foundation in 1933 to promote "the general welfare of the rural population of the United States ... in such ways as the Board of Trustees may from time to time determine." AL was asked to make a study for the trustees. Included here are AL's "Proposed Survey for the Farm Foundation" and "The Farm Foundation and Land Conservation." AL's study was made in April-May 1935. See "Report to the Farm Foundation on the Role of Conservation in Farm Life" in Leopold folder, Dean's Personnel File, 9/1/1-9, Box 002.

2 manuscripts 1934(?)

box 004
folder 002
Florida Deer-Tick Controversy
Note

AL acted as the Audubon Society's representative in an investigation by Roy Komarek (preliminary study by Herbert Stoddard, E. V. Komarek, and Roy Komarek) of the biological facts in the controversy between federal departments over extermination of deer on the Seminole Reservation in the interest of cattle fever tick control. In addition to AL's correspondence on the issue, this folder contains carbon copies of correspondence and memoranda between John Baker, Herbert Stoddard, the Komareks, and various government officials. Also included are about 11 exhibits, consisting of correspondence and statements.

60 letters and misc., 11 exhibits, 1940-1941

box 004
folder 003
Florida Deer-Tick Controversy
Note

A copy of the first draft of Roy Komarek's "An Investigation of the South Florida Deer Cattle Fever Tick Situation" (50 pp) is included.

80 items, 1942-1944

box 004
folder 004
Forests
Note

According to the letterhead, this was "a nation-wide organization dedicated to the production of wood for war and peace without devastating forests or the land on which they grow." AL recommended personnel, but apparently he held no official position.

2 letters and map, 1943

box 004
folder 005
Foundation for the Study of Cycles
Note

AL was nominated (in 1943?) as an associate of the Foundation for the Study of Cycles, which apparently was an outgrowth of the Matamek Conference. One of the letters is from Ellsworth Huntington.

3 letters, 1943; mimeo, 1949

box 004
folder 006
Friends of the Land
Note

Contains several prospectuses and correspondence with Russell Lord, editor of The Land . AL was asked to serve on the Board of Directors for Friends of the Land, organized in March 1940. He also suggested Carl Sauer. AL was elected one of 8 vice-presidents for a 4-year term, and in 1943 was elected an honorary member.

30 letters, February 1940-1941; a few items, 1948

box 004
folder 007
Getaways
Note

This was a local Madison group to which AL was elected a member in 1930, and of which he was the head, or "Cookee," in 1946-1947. For a nearly complete set of the elegantly fashioned log of the Getaways, including a few talks by AL, see the H. L. Russell papers, UW-Madison Archives, 9/1/1/22-3, Boxes 001-002.

Papers here are copies deposited by Roark and Meine.

10 letters and membership lists, 1944-1948

box 004
folder 008
Getaways -- Selected Entries from the Log Book
Note

1926-1949

Includes Xerox copies of various entries concerning AL, from the Log of the Getaways. These copies were compiled by Bill Roark, son of AL's friend and fellow Getaway member Ray Roark, in January 1988, and deposited in the Leopold archives in November 1988.

box 004
folder 009
William T. Hornaday Memorial Foundation
Note

Correspondence with John Ripley Forbes in 1938 describes AL's acceptance of a position on the sponsoring committee for the William T. Hornaday Memorial Fund. The foundation was established in 1943. Included here are Hornaday Fund data, three publications, and six letters, 1946-47, when AL asked to be taken off the committee (no action indicated).

15 items, 1938-1947

box 004
folder 010
Huron Mountain Club
Note

The club had 15,000 acres of hemlock-hardwood forest west of Marquette, Michigan. Dr. William P. Harris Jr. asked AL to make recommendations concerning land management for the club's forests, wildlife, and aesthetic values, and potential research projects. AL made a preliminary report in June 1938 after a short visit, and another trip (and report?) in August 1938. He continued as advisor to the club and to Richard H. Manville, who was investigator in wildlife research at the club, from 1939-1942(?). See printed pamphlet, "Report on Huron Mountain Club" (1938?), in 9/25/10-6.

80 letters and reports, 1937-1940

box 004
folder 011
Inter-American Conference on Conservation of Renewable Natural Resources (Denver, Colorado, 7-20 September 1948)
Note

Had he lived, AL might have attended the Inter-American Conference on Conservation of Renewable Natural Resources (Denver, Colorado, 7-20 September 1948). William Vogt, as secretary-general for the conference, had invited AL to act as discussion leader of the education section, but AL died before the conference was held. (Mr. Hickey apparently attended.) Correspondence and several prospectuses are included.

18 letters, misc., 1946-1948

box 004
folder 012
Interstate Prairie Grouse Project
Note

AL proposed the Interstate Prairie Grouse Project in December 1946, while at the same time, Walter A. Gresh of the US Fish and Wildlife Service was planning a prairie grouse conference. Contents of this folder do not indicate subsequent developments.

10 letters, 1946-1947

box 004
folder 013
Isle Royale
Note

Contains AL's correspondence with Victor Cahalane, Sigurd Olsen, Olaus Murie, Charles E. Shevlin, et al., about a Park Service study concerning excess moose and beaver on Isle Royale and the possibility of introducing wolves there. Eye trouble prevented Leopold from making the trip.

25 letters, 1946-1947

box 004
folder 014
Izaak Walton League of America (IWLA) -- National, 1931
Note

AL served for a time as chairman of the Izaak Walton League of America's Committee on National Projects in Conservation. Included are an undated committee report; miscellaneous materials related to a report on IWLA which AL prepared for the Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute (SAAMI) in 1931 (see copy in 9/25/10-6, Box 016); and correspondence for the years during which AL was conservation consultant to the Izaak Walton League of America (IWLA), ca. 1938-1948.

40 letters, 1937-1948

box 004
folder 015
IWLA -- Wisconsin
Note

Contains additional IWLA materials. A batch of letters from 1925-1930 relates largely to the Conservation Bill (1927) that established the Wisconsin Conservation Department. AL (along with William Aberg) belonged to the IWLA Legislative Committee that played a major role in the drafting and passage of the bill. AL was also a state IWLA director, 1932-(?). Correspondence between 1932-1934 concerns troubles of the Wisconsin chapter, which may have become defunct for a time. AL was vice-president for the Mendota District from 1940-48, when correspondence covers conservation issues.

misc., 1925-1930; 10 letters, 1932-1934; 30 letters 1940-1948

box 004
folder 016
Kumlien Club
Note

Letters, membership lists, and manuscripts of the Kumlien Club (a local ornithological club organized by many friends and students of AL) are included. Leopold was on the club's project committee (1937), membership committee, and program committee(?). See also Kumlien Club minutes in Robert McCabe Files, 9/25/11.

15 items, 1937-1945

box 004
folder 017
Lake Mendota Association
Note

AL was on the Technical Council (Wildlife Committee) of this group, organized in 1946.

2 letters, misc., 1946

box 005
Organizations, Committees: M-N
box 005
folder 001
Madison and Wisconsin Foundation, Tree Committee
Note

Contains material related to the Madison and Wisconsin Foundation's Tree Committee. This committee was appointed in 1939 to recommend a program for Madison street trees. The folder contains one report, which indicates AL was a committee member.

1939

box 005
folder 002
Matamek Conference on Biological Cycles, June 1931
Note

Contains correspondence, clippings, and notes regarding the Matamek Conference on Biological Cycles, June 1931. A bound set of AL's pencil notes on speeches given at the conference is also included. This conference, among the most significant AL ever attended, was financed by Copley Amory and attended by Charles Elton, Ellsworth Huntington, Alfred O. Gross, et al.

30 items, 1931-1934

box 005
folder 003
Midwest Wildlife Conference
Note

Programs and some correspondence relating to Midwest Wildlife Conferences from the years 1936, 1937, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1946, and 1948.

1936-1948

box 005
folder 004
More Game Birds in America Foundation
Note

Contains correspondence with Joseph P. Knapp of the More Game Birds In America Foundation concerning AL's criticism of the organization's prospectus.

4 letters, September 1930

box 005
folder 005
National Association of Audubon Societies
Note

Contains correspondence from 1935-1940, mostly with Executive Director Baker and dealing mainly with issues and policy. AL may have been on the board of this organization (see AL to John Baker, 6 October 1941, regarding dropping from director spot in Audubon Society, in Florida deer-tick folder, Box 004 002 above).

60 letters, 1935-1940

box 005
folder 006
National Association of Audubon Societies
Note

Contains correspondence from 1941-1948, mostly with Baker and Richard H. Pough, and carbons sent to AL for his information.

45 letters, 1941-1948

box 005
folder 007
National Audubon, War-Meat Discussion
Note

Correspondence with Baker, December 1942-February 1943, is followed by correspondence with David Thompson and the National Research Council, February-April 1943, concerning meat hunting during wartime.

December 1942-April 1943

box 005
folder 008
National Association of Conservation Education and Publicity
Note

In 1948 AL served as judge for an award to be given by the National Association of Conservation Education and Publicity. He wanted to nominate Roberts Mann.

8 letters, 1948

box 005
folder 009
National Council of State Garden Clubs
Note

AL was asked to serve on the National Advisory Committee of the National Council of State Garden Clubs.

7 letters, 1947-1948

box 005
folder 010
National Deer Committee (Walter Taylor, Chairman)
Note

Contains materials concerning the National Deer Committee, chaired by Walter Taylor. This committee of three--AL, Taylor, and Thomas Schroeder--was organized in 1944 at the 9th North American Wildlife Conference; a prepared statement was signed by 17 scientists across the nation. Correspondence from 1947 concerns a "Committee on Deer Monograph," composed of Einarson, Gabrielson, and AL, with Taylor as chairman and editor. It is not clear whether this was an extension of the 1944 committee or a committee of an organization (e.g., WMI or WLS, Box 009). AL was to contribute a chapter on Wisconsin, but it was not in the book as published (Taylor, ed., The Deer of North America , 1956).

12 letters and statements, 1944; 12 letters, 1947

box 005
folder 011
National Land Use Planning Committee, Technical Advisory Committee No. V, "Forests, parks, recreation and wildlife areas"
Note

This group was chaired successively by E. A. Sherman(?), Fred Morrell, and L. F. Kneipp. AL was an out-of-town member, along with Zon, Dana, Storer, Grange, Stoddard, Dixon, et al.

10 letters and 10 drafts or mimeo reports, February[?] 1932-June1933

box 005
folder 012
National Park Service (NPS)
Note

Contains two batches of letters concerning the National Park Service. Correspondence from the early period (1934-1936) involves positions offered to AL and conservation issues. During the later period (1944-1948), correspondence deals with issues such as wolves of Mt. McKinley, the Tioga Road in Yosemite, and the wolves of Isle Royale.

20 letters, 1934-1936; 20 letters, 1944-1948

box 005
folder 013
NPS, Yellowstone Elk Survey
Note

AL was asked by NPS in 1943 and again in 1944 to undertake an overall review of the bison and elk situation in Yellowstone, but he declined both times--too busy. His appointment as collaborator, NPS, 7 October 1943 is enclosed.

25 letters, 1942-1944

box 005
folder 014
National Wildlife Federation (Conservation Education Program? Publication Committee?)
Note

Correspondence with Rudolf Bennitt of the National Wildlife Federation concerns the establishment of an advisory committee. Also in this folder is 1941 correspondence with Mary Melrose, Supervisor of Elementary Science, Cleveland Board of Education, regarding texts for school conservation education, for which AL was on an advisory committee. It is not clear whether the 1939 and 1941 materials are related.

4 letters, March 1939; 6 letters, 1941

box 005
folder 015
North American Wildlife Conference
Note

Contains correspondence, papers, and clippings regarding the 12th (1947) and 13th (1948) North American Wildlife Conferences. Included is a corrected carbon of the summary AL gave at the 12th conference. At the 13th, Robert McCabe presented AL's "Why and How Research." Mimeos are in the file.

10 letters, misc., ms., 1946-1948

box 006
Organizations, Committees: NRC Committees
Note: Box 006 continues organizational and committee records, specifically those of the National Research Council. AL was a member and chairman of at least two committees of the council: the Committee on Wild Life, 1931-1936, and the Committee on Aircraft vs. Wilderness, 1945-1947. (He was also apparently a member of a forestry committee in the late 1920s, but no records have been found.) Materials in this box consist of two folders from AL's own files, one on each committee, and a number of folders with correspondence and reports Xeroxed in September 1968 from committee folders in the files of the NRC Division of Biology and Agriculture, located in the archives of the National Academy of Sciences. The latter appear to be files of the chairman of the Division, Ivey F. Lewis et al. (1931-1936), and Robert F. Griggs (1945-1947).
box 006
folder 001
National Research Council, Wild Life Committee
Note

This folder is AL's file, with a notation in his hand, "culled 12/38." Included are minutes of an organizational meeting in which AL participated; AL's "Proposed Game Survey," 1931; "Function of the Wildlife Committee" by AL, 1932; his undated "Proposal for a Conservation Inventory of Threatened Species;" a committee report drafted by AL "On the proposed wildlife research program of the USBS," 1935; AL's report for 1935; and other items. Most of these reports were not in the committee files in the NAS Archives (see paragraph above), but have since been supplied.

9 reports, 1931-1936

box 006
folder 002
Committee on Wild Life: General
Note

Contains mostly correspondence, with a few memoranda and reports, concerning general affairs of the committee from its inception following the suggestion of AL and L. J. Cole in a letter of 6 June 1930, to its termination following AL's March 1936 request to be relieved of the chairmanship (in order to avoid conflict with his chairmanship of the AWI Technical Committee). Members of the committee as organized December 1931 were John C. Merriam (chairman), Charles C. Adams, H. E. Anthony, Harold C. Bryant, E. A. Goldman, AL, and V. E. Shelford. Included here are meeting minutes; discussion of the functions of the committee; correspondence concerning AL's appointment as chairman in June 1934; discussion concerning coordination with other organizations and agencies; and discussions about the preservation of rare and endangered species.

123 pp, 1930-1936 (NAS Archives)

box 006
folder 003
Committee on Wild Life: Subcommittee on Training Men for Administrative and Educational Work in Wildlife Problems
Note

AL and P. S. Lovejoy were members of this subcommittee, which was chaired by A. G. Ruthven. Correspondence concerns subcommittee reports and discussion of same among members of the Committee on Wild Life.

22 pp, 1933-1935 (NAS Archives)

box 006
folder 004
Committee on Wild Life: Biological Survey Research Units
Note

The Committee on Wild Life had been asked by J. N. Darling, Chief of the USBS, to provide advice on a proposed game research program of the USBS. Correspondence in this folder concerns a draft report prepared by AL.

46 pp, April-August1935 (NAS Archives)

box 006
folder 005
National Research Council, Aircraft Committee
Note

This folder is AL's own file; it contains committee correspondence, memos, and reports for the period after he relinquished the chairmanship to Olaus Murie until the committee made its final report (copy enclosed) and was disbanded. The committee had been organized in May 1945 in response to a request from Chief Forester Lyle F. Watts of the United States Forest Service for advice concerning the proper control of the use of airplanes over wilderness areas. Committee members were AL (chairman), Shirley W. Allen, John H. Baker, Frederick Law Olmstead, and Kenneth A. Reid, with Olaus Murie and W. J. P. Aberg added later. When AL stepped down as chairman (due to the press of graduate students at the University of Wisconsin), he apparently sent his entire file to Mr. Murie.

20 items, March 1946-April 1947

box 006
folder 006
Committee on Aircraft vs. Wilderness
Note

Materials here were also photocopied from the NAS Archives. Included is Robert Griggs' correspondence concerning nomination of members for the committee, in addition to general committee correspondence. Apparently included in the material AL sent to Murie, but not present in this folder, were preliminary reports from individual members of the committee and AL's rough manuscript draft of a report.

118 pp (NAS Archives) 1945-1947

box 007
Organizations, Committees: O-R
box 007
folder 001
Oberlaender Trust
Note

Contains correspondence concerning AL's trip to Germany in August-November 1935, financed by the Oberlaender Trust, and subsequent articles and follow-up. Adalbert Ebner correspondence is also included.

30 letters, 1935-1942

box 007
folder 002
Oberlaender Trust -- German Trip
Note

Included are further items relating to the 1935 German trip: L. Kneipp's daily itinerary, with entries from 2 August-3 November; miscellaneous notes on German forestry from Kneipp's notebook; correspondence between members of the group (all copied from Kneipp Papers at the Arizona Historical Society); and an excerpt from transcript of interview with C. L. Forsling (from Forest Products Laboratory Library).

4 letters, 4 misc.

box 007
folder 003
Outdoor Life
Note

AL was on the advisory board of Outdoor Life . Included here is correspondence with Harry McGuire, editor, et al., concerning the bag limit issue, 1930. AL served on the awards committee and also received the Outdoor Life Conservation Medal for 1930.

20 letters, 1929-1932

box 007
folder 004
Pelee Island
Note

AL was on the Board of Supervisors of the Ontario Pheasant Demonstration, located on Pelee Island in Lake Erie. The demonstration was a cooperative venture of the University of Wisconsin (through Allen Stokes of UW, in cooperation with the Wisconsin Conservation Department), the Ontario Department of Lands and Forests, and the Wildlife Management Institute. Correspondence with Stokes, Gutermuth of WMI, et al., and pheasant data are included.

50 letters, 1947-1948

box 007
folder 005
Porcupine Wilderness Area
Note

Correspondence, heaviest in 1941-1942, is between AL, Philip Miles, and H. C. Bradley, concerns an informal association to preserve the Porcupine Mountains Area. The folder also contains reprints, maps, etc.

50 letters, misc., 1941-1945

box 007
folder 006
President's Committee on Wild Life Restoration
Note

In early 1934 AL served on the President's Committee on Wild Life Restoration with Jay N. Darling and Thomas H. Beck (chairman). Correspondence concerns the committee report, and was Xeroxed from originals on file in offices of the US Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, D.C., on 31 May 1966. Also in the folder is AL's typescript copy of the report, dated 8 February 1934. The Archives collection does not contain the printed version of the report.

5 letters, report, January-February 1934

box 007
folder 007
Quetico-Superior
Note

Folders 007 and 007a contain correspondence related to the Quetico-Superior area. These letters, many of them several single-spaced pages in length, include a number of carbons, some going back to 1934, sent to AL by H. H. Chapman to keep him informed. The folders also contain correspondence with Ernest Oberholtzer (President, Quetico-Superior Council, of which AL was representative or advisory member), Jay Price, Ovid Butler, Robert F. Griggs (NRC), W. S. Cooper, Chester S. Wilson (Minnesota Commissioner of Conservation), Kenneth Reid (IWLA), Frederick Winston, Otto Doering, Olaus Murie, et al. AL's connection is not obvious -- probably personal interest -- but the Q-S Council, Wisconsin Conservation Commission, Ecological Society of America, National Research Council, and other organizations may have contributed to his involvement.

1934-1944

box 007
folder 007a
Quetico-Superior
Note

In June 2007 the Quetico-Superior file was split into folders 007 and 007a for better preservation of the physical contents.

1945-1948

box 007
folder 008
Remington Game Club
Note

Included is the verbatim transcript (53 pp) of a meeting of the club held at Babcock, Wisconsin, on 31 Jan. 1942. It includes a speech by Wallace Grange on the Sandhill game farm and the deer problem, and in the discussion a statement by Clarence Searles in defense of his position regarding a deer-tight fence. AL was a friend of both men.

transcript, 1942

box 007
folder 009
Resettlement Administration
Note

Contains letters, memos, and reports on projects in Wisconsin on which AL was asked to consult, including introduction of snowshoe hares, timber on flowages, and the Greendale Project Area.

10 items, 1936-1937

box 007
folder 010
Rockford Deer Area -- Paul B. Riis
Note: Paul B. Riis was superintendent for Howard D. Colman, who owned forest land near Rockford and retained AL as consultant. AL made 2 reports, 1936 and 1937, but most of the later correspondence is with Riis, who was doing browse studies. In the early 1950s, these materials were lent to Lyle R. Pietsch who wrote a deer report, in part dealing with the work of Riis.
box 008
Organizations, Committees: S-U
box 008
folder 001
Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute, Research Fellowships
Note

AL was a member of SAAMI's Committee on Restoration and Protection of Game and was employed by the Institute from 1928-1932 to conduct game surveys and to supervise several game research fellowships financed by SAAMI. Game survey and fellowship correspondence may be found in the state files, species and subject files, and writings (9/25/10-6, Box 003). This folder contains a "Prospectus for a Demonstration in Natural Quail Farming" (7 pp mimeo, perhaps by AL, ca. 1928) which indicates that the SAAMI fellowships, an outgrowth of the game survey, were to be modeled on the Georgia Quail Investigations. Also included are four memoranda of agreement between SAAMI, the USBS, and the Universities of Wisconsin, Michigan, Minnesota, and Arizona; and an "Outline of Proposed International Migratory Bird Study," 1931, which may also have been prepared by AL.

6 items, 1928-1931

box 008
folder 002
Sigma Xi
Note

Correspondence concerns AL's nominations of Stoddard, Errington, Hickey, Buss, McCabe, and Hochbaum for membership.

10 letters, 1929-1930, 1943-1944

box 008
folder 003
Society of American Foresters
Note

In 1934 the Society of American Foresters established a Committee on Forest Game Policy, with AL serving as chairman until December 1937. About 80 letters, 1934-1937, are correspondence with committee members: Ralph T. King (University of Minnesota), P. S. Lovejoy (Michigan Conservation Dept), C. E. Rachford (Assistant Forester, United States Forest Service), Walter P. Taylor (USBS, Texas Cooperative Wildlife Service) and H. H. Chapman (ex-officio as President of the Society). There is 1 letter, c. 1945, indicating AL was associate editor for wildlife management for the Journal of Forestry. AL was elected fellow of the society in 1945. There are 8 letters concerning other fellows, 1947. AL was a member of the Committee on Forestry Award, 1944-1947, for which there are 17 letters; G. A. Pearson was chairman. There are also 7 miscellaneous letters, 1945-47, and 5 letters, 1948, concerning posthumous publication of AL's "Why and How Research."

120 letters, 1934-1948

box 008
folder 004
Soil Conservation Society of America
Note

AL joined the Soil Conservation Society of America in August 1947, and asked to receive the Journal of Soil and Water Conservation which began publication in July 1946. The national secretary, Melville H. Cohee, was an associate of AL's on the Coon Valley project (see Folder 013 below).

3 letters, 1947-1948

box 008
folder 005
United Nations Scientific Conference on the Conservation and Utilization of Resources
Note

On 27 February 1948 AL was invited by J. A. Krug, Secretary of the Interior, to be on an advisory committee on American participation in the United Nations Scientific Conference on the Conservation and Utilization of Resources. AL's death came before he was able to take part in the conference.

5 letters and mimeos, 1948

box 008
folder 006
US Biological Survey
Note

Contains correspondence, especially concerning SAAMI game fellowships, with Paul Redington (Chief of the USBS, 1928-1933), W. B. Bell, W. L. McAtee, and Ira Gabrielson (Chief, 1935-?). Stoddard supervised the fellowships for the United States Biological Survey until 1930, after which W.B. Grange took over. AL was a US deputy game warden (USBS) until 1936 (see Official Federal Personnel Record, 9/25/10-11, MF1), but there is no record of any activity. This folder also contains letters and comments concerning several manuscripts: "Conservation Economics" (AL, 1934), "The Forester's Role in Game Management" (1930), McAtee's alternate report on wildlife restoration (1934), and "The Biological Survey in Relation to Game Management" (1934).

85 letters, ms., 1928-1936

box 008
folder 007
US Forest Service (USFS)
Note

Correspondence concerns the Pisgah (North Carolina) public shooting ground, AL's memo on the Copeland Resolution and "Plan for Revenue-Producing Conservation on Mixed Lands in Wisconsin," and a "position" for AL. A 1947 letter to Senator McCarthy opposes removal of the Wildlife Management Division of the United States Forest Service. See also the United States Forest Service Records series (9/25/10-11).

10 letters, 1932; 1 letter, 1947

box 008
folder 008
USFS -- Milwaukee Office
Note

Contains correspondence with R. E. Trippensee (Technical Supervisor, Fish and Game), Albert Van S. Pulling (Technician), Earl S. Pierce (Assistant Regional Forester), et al., mostly concerning policy and game activities in Wisconsin, especially deer management and soil erosion control. Several USFS mimeos concerning game are also included.

35 letters, misc., 1934-1935

box 008
folder 009
USFS -- Erosion Control Work, Region 3
Note

AL was asked to inspect conservation camps in the Southwest, May-July 1933, with respect to soil erosion. Contents include a map of camps and erosion areas; AL's digests of several relevant publications; records of percolation studies on sample plots; ca. 10 bulletins, memos, or releases of USFS, several with sections by AL; and AL's "Erosion Theory for the Southwest" (December 1935).

25 items, 1933

box 008
folder 010
USFS, Erosion Control [Service?], Wisconsin
Note

Contains blueprints of farm plans, including one by AL; AL's "Memo on Vegetation for Erosion Control -- Wisconsin Energy Conservation Work (ECW) Camps"; M. E. Deters' "Report of Inspection on ECW Flood Control Camps, 9/24/1933"; and 2 letters.

blueprints, reports, 2 letters, 1933

box 008
folder 011
US Senate Committee on Conservation of Wildlife
Note

In May 1930, the United States Senate established a Committee on Conservation of Wild Life, which included Senators Frederick C. Walcott, Harry B. Hawes, Key Pittman, Charles L. McNary, and Peter Norbeck. Senator Hawes wrote the first general report on 21 Jan 1931, apparently incorporating suggestions made by AL (in a statement for Senator Hawes dated 19 December 1930; see Writings, 9/25/10-6, Box 016).

25 letters, misc., 1930-1934; 1 letter, 1935; 2 letters, 1940

box 008
folder 012
US Soil Erosion Service (US-SES)
Note

Ten letters (1934) concern AL's statement of opposition to Harold Icke's abandonment of game management on SES projects. The remaining correspondence, with H. H. Bennitt, W. C. Lowdermilk, and Charles C. Collier, all of the SES, concerns policy and the role of the University of Wisconsin in research.

25 letters, 1934-1935

box 008
folder 013
US-SES, Coon Valley
Note

Contains several notes from AL's visits to Coon Valley, 1933-1934, and copies of game censuses by Starker Leopold, 1934-1935. It is extremely unfortunate that there is not more material on Coon Valley in AL's files, since documentation of the nationally significant developments there seems generally to have been destroyed. There is, however, a small quantity of material on Coon Valley in General Files, O. R. Zeasman, 9/22/10, Box 001.

1933-1935

box 008
folder 014
US Soil Conservation Service
Note

Correspondence for 1936 involves proposals for a wildlife project at the Wisconsin Erosion Experiment Station and discussion of Van Dersal's "Handbook of Native Woody Plants," in which AL would have liked more attention given to ecology. The foregoing may have been related to AL's appointment as Collaborator, SCS, on 6 September 1939. Correspondence and mimeo in 1940 concern wildlife and soil conservation in Wisconsin.

20 letters, 1936-1940

box 008
folder 015
UW Committees
Note

Contains requests to serve on various university committees, but no record of action: 1941, Committee on Limnology; 1943, Committee to select Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation visiting lecturers; 1944, Lecture and Forum Committee of the University Club; 1947, Conservation Major advisory committee; 1947, University Committee on Lake and Stream Investigations; 1948, Arboretum Committee.

1941-1948

box 008
folder 016
University Committee on Recreation Curriculum (President's Committee on Major in Community Leadership in Recreation)
Note

AL was a member of an advisory group to this body in 1945. The folder contains mostly mimeos concerning proposed curriculum.

1945

box 008
folder 017
UW College of Agriculture Post-War Planning Committee -- Subcommittee on National and State Policies Affecting Wisconsin Agriculture
Note

This group was a subset of the College of Agriculture's Post-War Planning Committee, chaired by R. K. Froker. Included are several drafts of a report on public policies for Wisconsin, including rewrites of the conservation section by AL in several drafts, and other related papers and correspondence.

1944-1945

box 009
Organizations, Committees: V-W
box 009
folder 001
The Wilderness Society (WS), 1934-1940
Note

In 1934, Robert Marshall, Harvey Broome, Benton MacKaye, and Jerome Frank asked AL and five others to serve as an organizing committee; AL accepted. On 27 March 1935 he was asked to be the first president, but declined, feeling that the president ought to live in Washington, D.C. He was on the Council from the start until his death.

Correspondence, mostly with Marshall and Robert Sterling Yard, is heaviest during 1934-36 and concerns Society policy and issues, including the Green Mountain Parkway, Okeefenokee Swamp, Porcupine Mountains, Gila Wilderness, and Escalante Wilderness. Materials in the folder run through June 1940--up to the death of Bob Marshall and the Marshall Commemorative Issue of The Living Wilderness.

125 letters, 1934-1940

box 009
folder 002
WS, 1940-1945
Note

Correspondence with Robert Sterling Yard on Glacier Peak, Quetico-Superior, and definitions of wilderness areas.

75 letters, 1940-1945

box 009
folder 003
WS, July 1945-1947
Note

AL was elected vice president of the Wilderness Society in July 1945. Correspondents include Howard Zahniser (executive secretary), MacKaye (president), Olaus Murie (director), Harvey Broome, and Ernest Griffith.

90 letters, July 1945-1947

box 009
folder 004
(WS), Robert Marshall Wilderness Fund
Note

Robert Marshall's will established the fund in 1939 to provide continuing support for Wilderness Society activities. AL was selected as trustee to take Yard's place in 1945. Official correspondence, memos to trustees, auditors' reports, and financial reports are included.

1945-1948

box 009
folder 005
Wildlife Management Institute
Note

Correspondence, mostly with C.R. Gutermuth (vice president), concerns AL's summarization of the 12th North American Wildlife Conference (see Box 005, folder 005), fellowships, and positions for students, etc.

20 letters, 1947-1948

box 009
folder 006
The Wildlife Society (WLS)
Note

Correspondence and papers concerning the organization of the society (established 1936) indicate that AL was a councillor, chairman of the names and purposes committee, and member of the committee on qualifications for affiliation. Permanent organization was completed in Feb. 1937. AL was on the Advisory Committee.

Correspondence with Ralph King, Stoddard, McAtee, Bennitt, et al., concerns the Journal of Wildlife Management , members, etc.

60 items, 1936-1940; 35 items, 1940-1948

box 009
folder 006a
The Wildlife Society 1938-earlier
Note

Includes pre-1938 correspondence of the Wildlife Society.

During the 2007 digitization process, folder 006 was split in due to its sheer bulk.

box 009
folder 007
WLS, Awards Committee
Note

The committee was established in 1940, with Ward McAtee, editor of the Journal of Wildlife Management , as chairman (later Storer, et al.). AL was a member. Correspondence, mostly with McAtee, concerns policy and criticism of various publications being considered for awards. Fred Hamerstrom took over during 1940-47 due to AL's bad eyes.

40 letters, 1940-1947

box 009
folder 008
WLS, Committee on Foreign Relations
Note

AL was chairman and Charles Elton, et al., were members of this committee (established 1946). Correspondence deals with policy on foreign memberships and cooperation. AL's "Report of the Committee on Foreign Relations" is included.

25 letters, 1946-1947

box 009
folder 009
WLS, Committee on Professional Standards
Note

This committee was established in 1938 with Rudolf Bennitt as chairman. AL, who had been on the original Qualifications for Membership Committee, would have been chairman but for his bad eyes. He may have been in charge, however, of a subcommittee to draft a statement.

Included are discussions on "What is a wild life manager?" and the evolution of AL's manuscript, "Academic and Professional Training in Wildlife Work," with comments on various drafts by Stoddard. Correspondents include Taylor, Bennitt, Elton, et al.

70 items, 1938-1939; 15 items, 1940-1943

box 010
Organizations, Committees: W-Z
box 010
folder 001
Wilson Ornithological Club
Note

Correspondence concerns a proposed symposium on wildlife management to be chaired by AL at the annual meeting, 1940. (Did it occur?) In 1948, AL was appointed to a conservation committee chaired by Hochbaum and a committee chaired by Emlen for the meeting of the WOC in Madison. Much of the correspondence is with Olin S. Pettingell, Jr., who was secretary in 1940 and president in 1948.

30 letters, 1928-1948

box 010
folder 002
Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters -- Natural Resources Committee
Note

This committee was established in 1942 with AL as chairman and Norman Fassett and E.F. Bean as members. Included is correspondence on the deer issue; manuscripts of "Deer Irruptions;" and a few items relating to Subcommittees on Distribution of Wisconsin Trees (Fassett, chairman) and Ecology of the Wolf in Wisconsin (Feeney as chairman, Clarence Searles, Ernest Swift).

35 letters, 1942-1944

box 010
folder 003
Wisconsin Conservation League
Note

The League was organized in 1940. AL was member at large on the Executive Committee and a member of the Public Relations and Education Committees (1941). He resigned as member at large in 1942, disapproving of President Radke's aggressive and political policy in the Catlin-Heil affair. Two letters in 1947 concern AL's suggestion for a committee to map the future of the League.

23 letters, 1940-1942; 2 letters, 1947

box 010
folder 004
Wisconsin (Geological and) Natural History Survey
Note

AL was a member of the Faculty Division of Biological Sciences committee on the organization and function of a revived Natural History Survey. Correspondence, reports, and AL's proposals for publications are included.

6 items, 1946-1947

box 010
folder 005
Wisconsin Society for Ornithology
Note

Correspondence with Walter Scott concerns honorary membership for AL in 1942 and the Passenger Pigeon Monument in 1947.

2 letters, 1942; 3 [letters], 1947

box 010
folder 006
Wisconsin Conservation (Commission) Department
Note

AL was employed by the WCD during parts of 1932-33 to survey game management and public hunting areas. There are about 30 reports and letters, including a "Report on game management demonstration."

In 1933 AL was appointed to the newly established Game Committee (with Grimmer as chairman, and MacKenzie) and also to the Fisheries Committee. The folder contains correspondence with General Ralph Immell (WCD Director), MacKenzie, Grimmer, et al. Also included are materials concerning UW-WCD cooperation on game management, including trapping and banding permits and a proposal for wildlife research under the Federal Aid to Wildlife Restoration Act.

30 items, 1932-1933; 80 items, 1933-1943

box 010
folder 007
(Wisconsin) Conservation Commission -- Minutes and Agenda
Note: (empty)
box 010
folder 008
Wisconsin Conservation Commission -- Correspondence
Note

AL was appointed Conservation Commissioner as of 21 June 1943. Correspondence is with department officials, other commissioners, and citizens around the state, mostly concerning deer. There is some correspondence with WCD from AL in his role as professor regarding UW-WCD cooperation in game management.

135 letters, 1943-1948

box 010
folder 009
WCC Minutes
Note

Contains Xerox copies from bound volumes of WCC minutes in the Wisconsin State Archives, WSHS. Portions selected include speeches or comments by AL (quoted, paraphrased, or simply reported) on Commission matters with which he was particularly concerned, including deer management, waterfowl regulations, etc. Minutes of certain meetings during 1943-44 were too light to be xeroxed.

1943-1948

box 010
folder 010
WCC Budget
Note: Bound volume, 1 July 1947 - 30 June 1948
box 010
folder 011
(WCD) Citizen's Deer Committee
Note

This committee was appointed by the commission in Fall 1942. AL was selected as chairman. A June 1943 report, largely written by AL, and a May 1944 report not signed by AL, are included. (A note on the folder says, "Rest of material sent Jacobson when he was made new chairman," perhaps when AL was appointed to the commission.)

8 letters and statements, 1942-1944

box 010
folder 012
(WCD) Wisconsin Committee on Natural Areas
Note

AL wrote a Conservation Commission resolution of 13 Feb. 1945 creating this committee. He was chosen to represent the WCD (as temporary chairman?), Fassett the UW, and Albert Fuller the Milwaukee Public Museum. Discussions concern Cedarburg Bog, Faville Grove, and Parfrey's Glen.

20 letters, 1945-1946

box 010
folder 013
WCD Natural Areas Committee
Note

Donated by Emily Earley in 1985.

10 letters, 1939, 1946, 1948