Rosemaling in the Upper Midwest Collection, 1987-1995


Summary Information

Collection Summary

Title: Rosemaling in the Upper Midwest Collection
Dates: 1987-1995

Creator:
  • Wisconsin Folk Museum
Unique Identifier: CSUMC0004-CG

Contents: Wisconsin Historical Society Museum Division: 622 graphic images, 63 artifacts; Wisconsin Historical Society Archives: 48 folders; Mills Music Library Wisconsin Music Archives: 1 audiocassette; Janet C. Gilmore: ca. 1 c.f. exhibit photographs, text, artifact lists, and photographic documentation of exhibit installation

Publisher:
Center for the Study of Upper Midwestern Cultures
432 East Campus Mall, Room 332
Madison, Wisconsin 53706
608-262-8180
Web site: http://csumc.wisc.edu

Archival Locations:
Wisconsin Historical Society (Map)
UW-Madison Libraries, Mills Music (Map)

Summary:
The Rosemaling in the Upper Midwest collection documents the Norwegian-American folk painting tradition of rosemaling in Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, and the greater Upper Midwest region. Phil Martin and Jean Johnson of the Wisconsin Folk Museum interviewed rosemalers, while Martin and Lewis Koch photographed them and their work. Martin and Johnson borrowed, commissioned, and purchased artifacts, and produced several versions of a rosemaling exhibit, representing the work of more than 50 rosemalers. The first exhibit was installed in 1988 at the Folk Museum, and the last one ran into 1995. The book and exhibit catalog, Rosemaling in the Upper Midwest: A Story of Region and Revival, also resulted from this research.

Language: Manuscripts and sound recordings are in English.

URL to cite for this finding aid: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/wiarchives.uw-csumc-csumc0004cg
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Collection Concordance by Format
48 folders WHS Library-Archives Division
4 folders Janet C. Gilmore
1 audiocassette WMA Mills Music Library
242 35 mm color slides WHS Museum Division
143 4x5 color transparencies WHS Museum Division
102 2.25-inch color transparencies WHS Museum Division
117 35 mm black-and-white negatives WHS Museum Division
9 2.25-inch black-and-white negatives WHS Museum Division
4 4x5 black-and-white internegatives WHS Museum Division
5 35 mm black-and-white contact sheets WHS Museum Division
25+ 35 mm color slides Janet C. Gilmore
14 35 mm color negatives Janet C. Gilmore
28 3x5 color photographs Janet C. Gilmore
5 5x7 mounted exhibit photographs Janet C. Gilmore
2 8x10 mounted exhibit photographs Janet C. Gilmore
63 artifacts WHS Museum Division

Biography/History
Staff/Fieldworkers

Philip Martin, Executive Director of the Wisconsin Folk Museum during this project, was the project director and chief fieldworker. Jean Johnson, assistant director, administrative coordinator, and chief exhibits curator of the Folk Museum, assisted throughout the project, and participated in some of the fieldwork. Photographer Lewis Koch, who had previously worked with Martin on several rural and ethnic documentary projects, joined Martin in producing the ethnographic field photography, while professional photographer Jim Wildeman shot the studio photography used in the exhibit catalog, Rosemaling in the Upper Midwest. Koch and Johnson assisted Martin in designing Rosemaling in the Upper Midwest, while Johnson and folklorists Janet C. Gilmore and James P. Leary provided editorial advice.


Project History

Soon after Phil Martin and Jean Johnson opened the Wisconsin Folk Museum in 1986 in Mount Horeb, Wisconsin, they began a documentary project on the traditional Norwegian-American folk art of rosemaling. They focused on Wisconsin and the surrounding Upper Midwest region, which are at the center of a resurgence in this form of floral decorative painting. Martin and Johnson interviewed and photographed rosemalers and their work; borrowed, commissioned, and purchased artifacts; and produced several versions of a rosemaling exhibit, “Roses in the Upper Midwest,” from 1988 through 1992. The most ornate version of the exhibit remained on display into 1995.

Funding from the Dane County Cultural Affairs Commission supported the establishment of an exhibit at the Wisconsin Folk Museum in 1989. The exhibit focused on the role of Per Lysne of Stoughton, in Dane County, Wisconsin, and Vesterheim, the Norwegian-American Museum in Decorah, Iowa, in the art form's revival. It featured the work of the Dane County area's locally-inspired “community” rosemalers as well as 20 of the then 31 Vesterheim Gold Medalist rosemalers from the Upper Midwest.

A grant from the National Endowment for the Arts (Folk Arts) resulted in the publication of Phil Martin's Rosemaling in the Upper Midwest: A Story of Region and Revival in 1989, which fleshed out the exhibit's format. Additional funding was received from the Sons of Norway Regional District 5, the Wisconsin Arts Board, the Evjue Foundation, and the Dane County Cultural Affairs Commission. The book received the 1989 Outstanding Achievement Award from the Wisconsin Library Association for “literary merit as well as the quality of writing, editing, printing, and publishing.”


Scope and Content Note

The Wisconsin Historical Society Museum Division holds the artifacts, and most photographs, negatives, and slides associated with this project. These photographs, negatives, and slides are arranged according to the Wisconsin Folk Museum cataloguing scheme, and include both field and studio photography. Slide sheets 84-100 contain the 35 mm color slides related to the Rosemaling in the Upper Midwest book project. Sixteen slides are fieldwork images while the rest are studio shots. Most of the 4x5 color transparencies are studio photographs that appeared in the book, and show the work of Gladys Fossum, Verna Spaanem, and Gold Medalists Violet Christophersen, Ethel Kvalheim, Irene Lamont, Susan Louthain, and Vi Thode. Copy slides of 4x5 color transparencies, which are studio shots used in the book, are also present. Three 4x5 black-and-white internegatives show rosemaled furniture and a large plate by Per Lysne. Images of Nordic Fest, a rosemaled Stoughton Laundromat, rosemaled skis and furniture can be found within the 35 mm black-and-white negatives. Contact sheets of those images are present as well. Nine black-and-white negatives exist and 13 slide sleeves hold several color transparencies, including 18 images related to the book production.

The WHS Museum Division also holds the artifact collection, which includes the work of more than 35 rosemalers ranging from Ethel Kvalheim to Oljanna Cunneen. The rosemaled items include chairs, panels, plates, bowls, trunks, tines, and other small objects.

Mills Music Library's Wisconsin Music Archives has one taped interview of Marion Nelson, Director of Vesterheim, interviewed by Phil Martin on January 26, 1989 at the Vesterheim, in Decorah, Iowa. The tape is part of the Archives' Wisconsin Folk Museum Collection, Box 6, no. 257.

Artist files on roughly 50 rosemalers can be found in the Wisconsin Historical Society Library-Archives Division in the “Wisconsin Folk Museum Records” (Call Number M98-044) collection. These files variously contain correspondence--often regarding acquisition of artifacts--as well as news clippings, ephemeral publications, some biographical materials, and sometimes original field notes.

Exhibit materials for “Roses in the Upper Midwest” in Janet C. Gilmore's possession include five mounted black-and-white photographs, one of the Stoughton Laundromat, one of Ethel Kvalheim, another of Thelma and Elma Olsen, one of Vesterheim's main exhibits hall, and a classic portrait of Per Lysne (all of which appear in the book). Four folders hold original and final versions of exhibit text, and an artifact list for the final exhibit. Additional color slides, prints, and negatives, show the final exhibit's installation before tear-down in 1995.

Related Materials

John Michael Kohler Arts Center. From Hardanger to Harleys: A Survey of Wisconsin Folk Art. Ed. Robert T. Teske, with James P. Leary and Janet C. Gilmore. Sheboygan, Wisconsin: John Michael Kohler Arts Center. June 1987.

Gilmore, Janet C. “Rosemaling.” In Encyclopedia of American Folk Art. Ed. Gerard C. Wertkin. New York: Routledge. 2003.

------. “Art to Enjoy, Art to Use: Oljanna Venden Cunneen (1923-1988)” Wisconsin Folk Museum exhibit documentation, 1995.

Govenar, Alan. Masters of the Traditional Arts: A Biographical Dictionary. Dallas:Documentary Arts, Inc. 2002. [Ethel Kvalheim]

------. Masters of Traditional Arts: DVD-Rom. Dallas: Documentary Arts, Inc. 2002.

Nelson, Marion. Norwegian Folk Art: The Migration of a Tradition. New York: Abbeville Press Publishers. 1995. [Judith Nelson Miner bowl]

Siporin, Steve. American Folk Masters: The National Heritage Fellows. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. 1992. Pp. 54-58, 66, 232-33 [Ethel Kvalheim]

Productions

Martin, Philip N. Rosemaling in the Upper Midwest: A Story of Region and Revival. Mount Horeb, Wisconsin: Wisconsin Folk Museum. 1989.

“Roses of the Upper Midwest” exhibit. Wisconsin Folk Museum. 1989-1995.

Key Subjects
Groups (Ethnic, National, Cultural, Religious, etc.)

  • Norwegian Americans
  • Norwegians

Languages

  • English language
  • Norwegian language

Locations

  • Middle West
  • Illinois
  • Iowa
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • North Dakota
  • South Dakota
  • Wisconsin
  • Dane County (Wis.)
  • Eau Claire County (Wis.)
  • Grant County (Wis.)
  • Iowa County (Wis.)
  • Langlade County (Wis.)
  • Mahaska County (Iowa)
  • Marinette County (Wis.)
  • Monroe County (Wis.)
  • Oneida County (Wis.)
  • Racine County (Wis.)
  • Ramsey County (Minn.)
  • Rock County (Wis.)
  • Saint Croix County (Wis.)
  • Walworth County (Wis.)
  • Waukesha County (Wis.)
  • Vilas County (Wis.)
  • Antigo (Wis.)
  • Aurora (Ill.)
  • Cashton (Wis.)
  • De Soto (Wis.)
  • Dodgeville (Wis.)
  • Dubuque (Iowa)
  • Eau Claire (Wis.)
  • Elkhorn (Wis.)
  • Fargo (N.D.)
  • Janesville (Wis.)
  • Lodi (Wis.)
  • Madison (Wis.)
  • Marinette (Wis.)
  • Marquette (Mich.)
  • Minneapolis (Minn.)
  • Milan (Minn.)
  • Milwaukee (Wis.)
  • Monticello (Minn.)
  • Morris (Minn.)
  • Mount Horeb (Wis.)
  • Muskego (Wis.)
  • New Berlin (Wis.)
  • Newton (Wis.)
  • Oregon (Wis.)
  • Platteville (Wis.)
  • Rhinelander (Wis.)
  • Richfield (Minn.)
  • River Falls (Wis.)
  • Saint Germain (Wis.)
  • Saint Paul (Minn.)
  • Shawano (Wis.)
  • Sioux Falls (S.D.)
  • Sparta (Wis.)
  • Stoughton (Wis.)
  • Waukesha (Wis.)
  • West Des Moines (Iowa)
  • Whitefish Bay (Wis.)

Subjects

  • Decorative Arts
  • Folk painting
  • Rosemaling
  • American Rogaland style
  • Rogaland style
  • Telemark style

Traditional Artists

  • Albrecht, Gary
  • Backus, Elizabeth Peterson
  • Brooks, Laurie
  • Christensen, Clarice
  • Christophersen, Violet D.
  • Cunneen, Oljanna Venden
  • DeReus, Sally Haugen
  • Edseth, Olga
  • Einerson, Jennie
  • Erickson, Eleanor
  • Erickson, S. Edmund
  • Evenstad, Shirley
  • Fossum, Gladys H.
  • Fritsch, Rhoda
  • Garthwait, Marian
  • Giese, Jean Simonson
  • Gorski, Karen Sanderson
  • Grindland, Enid
  • Gullickson, Valdemar F.
  • Gunderson, John
  • Hammer, Marlys
  • Hoefer, Phyllis
  • Jenson, Karen E.
  • Kelly, Erline
  • Kovala, Kathy
  • Kvalheim, Ethel
  • Lamont, Irene
  • Louthain, Susan
  • Lysne, Louise S.
  • Lysne, Per
  • Mahlberg, Judith Simundson
  • Mahlum, Gyda
  • Miner, Judith Nelson
  • Morgan, Nancy
  • Muldbakken, Sunhild
  • Nelson, Marion J.
  • Olsen, Elma
  • Olsen, Thelma
  • Peach, Trudy
  • Peterson, Dorothy
  • Pittelkow, Addie
  • Prichard, Bernetta
  • Riemer, Eileen
  • Rimestad, Alma
  • Schee, Dagny
  • Schmidt, Nancy
  • Spaanem, Verna
  • Stilin, Sheila
  • Thode, Vi
  • Thoresen, Trygve E., Jr.
  • Thoresen, Marion
  • Virch, Pat
  • Wilke, Maxine
  • Winner, Marcelaine
  • Wolfgram, Ruth
  • Wolter, Barb

Traditional Artists-Group

  • Norse Rosemalers Association
Provenance

The materials were accessioned and catalogued for the Wisconsin Folk Museum collections during 1991-1992 by Ruth Forrester (formerly Fahnestock) under the supervision of Phil Martin, Director. They were transferred from the Wisconsin Folk Museum upon its closure in 1996 to the Wisconsin Historical Society and Mills Music Library. Some exhibit materials and related records remain in files maintained by folklorist Janet C. Gilmore.

Access

Contact records custodians for access information.

Wisconsin Historical Society
Museum Division
816 State St.
Madison, Wisconsin 53706
Email: paul.bourcier@wisconsinhistory.org
Phone: (608) 264-6573
Web site: http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/Content.aspx?dsNav=N:1133
Wisconsin Historical Society
Library-Archives Division
Reference Services, Archives
816 State St.
Madison, Wisconsin 53706
Email: askarchives@wisconsinhistory.org
Phone: (608) 264-6460
Web site: http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/libraryarchives/
Wisconsin Music Archives at Mills Music Library
University of Wisconsin-Madison
B162 Memorial Library
728 State St.
Madison, Wisconsin 53706-1494
Email: askmusic@library.wisc.edu
Phone: (608) 263-1884
Web site: http://music.library.wisc.edu
Janet C. Gilmore, Folklorist
209 S 4th St.
Mount Horeb, Wisconsin 53572
Phone: (608) 437-4816
Email: jgilmore@facstaff.wisc.edu
Use

Consult institutional repositories for specific information on use restrictions. Review of the materials held by Janet C. Gilmore for non-profit personal, educational, and research purposes may be arranged.

Preferred Citation

Please consult repositories for guidelines. We suggest the following citation form when using direct quotes from a person documented: [Name of person documented]. [Date]. [Tape/video/other]-recorded interview by [Fieldworker name]. [Place interviewed]. [Name of collection/project]. [Repository, city, state]. When using a specific image: [Identify subject matter/people in caption]. Photo/image by [Photographer/fieldworker name]. [Date]. Courtesy of [repository]. To quote fieldworker, follow bibliographical style.

Collection Inventory and Description
Series: I: MANUSCRIPT MATERIALS.
Wisconsin Historical Society Library-Archives Division. Wisconsin Folk Museum Records, M98-044. Artist Files.
Box   1
Artists A-J
Albrecht, Gary
Scope and Content Note: Interview notes
Backus, Elizabeth Peterson
Brooks, Laurie
Christensen, Clarice
Christophersen, Violet
Scope and Content Note: Obituary
De Reus, Sallie
Scope and Content Note: Short biography
Edseth, Olga
Scope and Content Note: Interview notes
Einerson, Jennie
Erickson, Eleanor and S. Edmund
Scope and Content Note: Biography
Evenstad, Shirley
Fossum, Gladys H.
Scope and Content Note: Interview notes
Fritsch, Rhoda
Garthwait, Marian
Scope and Content Note: Biography
Giese, Jean Simonson
Gorski, Karen Sanderson
Grindland, Enid
Gullickson, Valdemar
Gunderson, John
Hammer, Marlys
Jenson, Karen E.
Scope and Content Note: Interview materials
Box   2
Artists K-W
Kelly, Erline
Kovala, Kathy
Scope and Content Note: Interview notes
Kvalheim, Ethel
Scope and Content Note: Biography
Lamont, Irene
Louthain, Susan
Scope and Content Note: Autobiography
Lysne, Louise
Scope and Content Note: Interview notes
Lysne, Per
Scope and Content Note: Interview with relative
Mahlberg, Judith Simundson
Mahlum, Gyda
Miner, Judith Nelson
Morgan, Nancy
Muldbakken, Sunhild
Norse Rosemalers Association
Olsen, Thelma and Elma
Scope and Content Note: Interview notes; obituary for Elma
Peach, Trudy
Peterson, Dorothy
Pittelkow, Addie
Prichard, Bernetta
Riemer, Eileen
Rimestad, Alma
Schmidt, Nancy
Spaanem, Verna
Stilin, Sheila
Thode, Vi
Scope and Content Note: Interview notes
Thoresen, Trygve E., Jr. and Marion
Scope and Content Note: Interview notes
Virch, Pat
Scope and Content Note: Biography
Winner, Marcelaine
Wolfgram, Ruth
Scope and Content Note: Autobiography
Series: II: MANUSCRIPT MATERIALS.
Janet C. Gilmore. Wisconsin Folk Museum Salvage Collection.
Folder   1
Rosemaling Exhibit Text (includes inventory), 1990?/1991-1994
Folder   2
Exhibit Text - Rosemal - originals, 1991
Folder   3
Rosemaling, General Exhibit Text, 1989
Folder   4
Rosemaling General, 1989
Series: III: SOUND RECORDINGS.
Mills Music Library Wisconsin Music Archives. Wisconsin Folk Museum Records.
Box   6
Dr. Marion Nelson, 1989 January 26
Physical Description: Cassette #257 
Series: IV: GRAPHIC MATERIALS.
Wisconsin Historical Society Museum Division. Wisconsin Folk Museum Records.
Fieldwork images used in Rosemaling in the Upper Midwest
Physical Description: 35 mm color slides (slide sheets 84-100) 
S.92.16.13: Bergum Farm, Mount Horeb (p65) by Phil Martin
S.92.16.23: Gary Albrecht demo (p12) by Lewis Koch
S.92.16.39: Per Lysne, "Sweet Dreams" (p27) by Phil Martin
S.92.16.107: Rosemaling around Mount Horeb (p63) by Phil Martin
S.92.16.109: Ibid. (p69) by Phil Martin
S.92.16.140: Rafters (p27) by Phil Martin
S.92.16.147: Bed headboard, medallion (p26) by Phil Martin
S.92.16.158: Bed set, green (p26) by Phil Martin
S.92.16.179: Table, detail (p20) by Phil Martin
S.92.16.182: Chair, ladderback (p27) by Phil Martin
S.92.16.185: Nest Tables (p27) by Phil Martin
S.92.16.192: Two chairs and table, outdoors (p26) by Phil Martin
S.92.16.202: Sol ule (p81) by Lewis Koch
S.92.16.206: Tell Counter (p71) by Lewis Koch
S.92.16.208: Cupboard, close-up (p71) by Lewis Koch
S.92.16.220: Bank exterior (p71) by Lewis Koch
S92.17.5 - S92.17.53: Copy slides of 4x5 color transparencies, studio photography for Rosemaling in the Upper Midwest
4x5 black and white internegatives
N(I)92.1.11.11: Per Lysne rosemaling large plate (p22)
N(I)92.1.11.13: Thelma and Elma Olsen rosemaled furniture
N(I)92.1.11.14: Rosemaled bedroom furniture (p30)
4x5 color transparencies
S.4.92.1.1 - S.4.92.1.44: Studio photography in Rosemaling in the Upper Midwest
S.4.92.1.71 - S.4.92.1.75: Ethel Kvalheim's work
S.4.92.1.81: Ibid.
S.4.92.1.86: Ibid.
S.4.92.1.87- S.4.92.1.92: Rosemaled wall panel from a church
S.4.92.1.93: Rosemaled bowl by Irene Lamont
S.4.92.1.110 - S.4.92.1.196: Work of Vi Thode, Ethel Kvalheim, Verna Spaanem, Violet Christopherson, Gladys Fossum, and Susan Louthain
S.4.92.1.254: Rosemaled trunk by Dorothy Peterson (p94)
Black-and-white contact sheets 35 mm b&w negs
CS92.1.2: corresponds with N(BW)92.1.7
CS92.1.7: corresponds with N(BW)92.1.3a and b
CS92.1.9: corresponds with N(BW)92.1.6a and b
CS92.1.10: corresponds with N(BW)92.1.5a and b
CS92.1.12: corresponds with N(BW)92.1.11
35 mm black-and-white negatives
N(BW)92.1.3a&b: 35 images, Nordic Fest, etc. by Phil Martin
N(BW)92.1.5a&b: 35 images Stoughton Laundromat by Phil Martin
N(BW)92.1.6a&b: 35 images Stoughton Laundromat by Phil Martin
N(BW)92.1.7: 12 images Rosemaled skis, furniture; no photographer listed
2.25-inch black and white negatives
N(BW)92.1.11: 9 images
2.25-inch color transparencies (13 sleeves). Images used in Rosemaling in the Upper Midwest
S(M) 92.1.3.3: Round rosemaled box with lid (p76)
S(M) 92.1.3.5: Rosemaled plate by Vi Thode, 1975
S(M) 92.1.3.8: Rosemaled Bicentennial platter
S(M) 92.1.4.4: Rosemaled truck signed AP 75
S(M) 92.1.4.5: Rosemaled bentwood box with lid and handle
S(M) 92.1.4.9: Rosemaled trunk 1968 on front panel of lid
S(M) 92.1.5.1: Rosemaled dustpan (p75)
S(M) 92.1.6.1: Rosemaled Christmas tree ornament, Nancy Morgan
S(M) 92.1.7.3: Rosemaled trunk (p15)
S(M) 92.1.9.3: Rosemaled plate by Trudy Peach
S(M) 92.1.9.6: Rosemaled plate by Jean Giese, 1982
S(M) 92.1.9.8: Rosemaled plate with painted frame
S(M) 92.1.9.9: Ibid.
S(M) 92.1.10.5: Rosemaled plate
S(M) 92.1.10.9: Ibid.
S(M) 92.1.11.5: Rosemaled plate by "Olsen '78"
S(M) 92.1.11.9: Rosemaled plate by G. Albrecht
S(M) 92.1.13.1: Rosemaled panel with painted frame
Series: V: GRAPHIC MATERIALS.
Janet C. Gilmore. Wisconsin Folk Museum Salvage Collection.
Black-and-white mounted photographs
5x6 Thelma and Elma Olsen, by Wally Schulz (courtesy of Thelma Olsen)
5x7 Stoughton Laundromat, by Phil Martin
5x7 Ethel Kvalheim, by Lewis Koch
5x7 of painting demo (P(M)92.1.11)
5x7 of painting demo close-up (P(M)92.1.10)
8x10 of Vesterheim (courtesy of Vesterheim)
8x10 of Per Lysne (courtesy Harriet Romnes)
Series: VI: ARTIFACTS.
Wisconsin Historical Society Museum Division. Wisconsin Folk Museum Collection.
1996.118.131: chair, balloon back by Verna Spaanem
1996.118.132: armchair by Verna Spaanem
1996.118.133: kubbelstol (chair) by Karen E. Jenson
1996.118.134: corner cupboard by Ruth Wolfgram
1996.118.135: door "door prize" by Norse Rosemalers Association
1996.118.136: panel (Masonite) by Marcelaine Winner
1996.118.137: panel (Masonite) by Marcelaine Winner
1996.118.138: panel by Dorothy Peterson
1996.118.139: panel by Jean Giese
1996.118.140: panel, Per Lysne-style by Karen Sanderson Gorski
1996.118.141: Velkommen sign by Nancy Morgan
1996.118.142: cutting board by Nancy Morgan
1996.118.143: breadboard by Oljanna Cunneen
1996.118.144: trivet by Gyda Mahlum
1996.118.145.1: knife holder by Vi Thode
1996.118.145.2: knife by Vi Thode
1996.118.146: plate by Sheila Stilin
1996.118.147: plate by Shirley Evenstad
1996.118.148: plate by V.F. Gullickson
1996.118.149: plate by Maxine Wilke
1996.118.150: plate by Laurie Brooks
1996.118.151: plate by Margaret of Margaret Studios, Inc.
1996.118.152: plate by Vi Thode
1996.118.153: plate by Vi Thode
1996.118.154: plate by Louise S. Lysne
1996.118.155: plate by Nancy Schmidt
1996.118.156: plate by Violet D. Christophersen
1996.118.157: plate by Phyllis Hoefer
1996.118.158: plate by Phyllis Hoefer
1996.118.159: plate by Phyllis Hoefer
1996.118.160: plate by Clarice Christensen
1996.118.161: plate by Elizabeth Backus
1996.118.162: plate by Ole Ueland
1996.118.163: lazy susan by Alma Rimestad
1996.118.164: bowl by Irene Lamont
1996.118.165: bowl by Susan Louthain
1996.118.165A: lid for bowl by Susan Louthain
1996.118.166: bowl by Ethel Kvalheim
1996.118.167: bowl by Ethel Kvalheim
1996.118.168: bowl by Irene Lamont
1996.118.169: bowl by Violet D. Christophersen
1996.118.170: bowl by Dorothy Peterson
1996.118.171: bowl by Backus Studios
1996.118.172: bowl by Judith Nelson Miner
1996.118.173: basket by Sallie Haugen DeReus
1996.118.174: trunk by Gary Albrecht
1996.118.175: trunk by Vi Thode
1996.118.176: trunk by Dorothy Peterson
1996.118.177: family trunk by Pat Virch
1996.118.178: tine by Dagny Schee
1996.118.179: tine by Sunhild Muldbakken
1996.118.180A-B: tine by Thelma and Elma Olsen
1996.118.181: ceramic jar by Olga Edseth
1996.118.182A-B: bowling pin by Karen Sanderson Gorski
1996.118.183: bowling pin
1996.118.184: milk can
1996.118.188: duck decoy by Vi Thode
1996.118.189: Bible box by Addie Pittelkow
1996.118.190: Toothpick/match holder by Nelson
1996.118.191: tankard by Vi Thode
1996.118.192: frying pan by Jennie Einerson
1996.118.193: iron
1996.118.194: iron