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Wisconsin State Cranberry Growers Association / Wisconsin State Cranberry Growers' Association. Forty-fifth annual meeting, Wisconsin Rapids, Wis., December 2, 1931. Forty-fifth summer convention, Wisconsin Rapids, Wis., August 18, 1931

Makepeace, Russell
Address,   pp. 41-42 PDF (554.8 KB)

Page 41

RuIssaL  MAKEIACE, Travelling Adjuster,
American Cranberry Exchange
In the first place, I have no explanation to make for these Early
Blacks. It may be we should have shipped them in cardboard instead
of white pine.
Since I have been here I have talked to several growers in regard
to raising cranberries in Wisconsin-how much it costs you, and the
frost protection measures you have to take, etc. We have frost pro-
tection, but we do not have to use it as much as you do.
Dr. Franklin at East Wareham has been trying to find out what
caused a lot of our bogs to wither and die. The soil became loose and
the vines seemed to have no roots. He went into the soil to find out
what was the matter and found some very interesting worms, very
much like your common grub worm that you find in your garden and
dig for fishing. In some places we would find but a few of them and
in other places, they would completely wipe out bogs. He made many
experiments as to how to get rid of them and finally gave us a solu-
tion of the problem, which is a cyanide solution of about 6 oz. of cya-
nide to 100 gallons of water applied at the rate of 1 gallon per
square foot. On a 100-acre bog it is quite a job. His next conclu-
sion was that those particular grub worms do not show up on cran-
berry bogs under twenty-five years of age. The only explanation of
that fact that I can give you is that those grub worms feed on the
small fibrous roots of the plants, and in a young bog the roots are
not sufficiently developed in the soil for the worm to live. After the
soil becomes filled with these little fibrous roots, the grubs do live in
great numbers. I have walked over a piece of bog sprayed from five
to six weeks previously and by a little digging have found a great
many worms that had been killed by this cyanide poison. This ought
to be done sometime in June, or possibly the first of July, mainly be-
cause the ground will not receive one gallon to the square foot and
in the fall it is dried out and much harder and we do not get the re-
sults that we do in the spring when there is more moisture in the soil.
Another interesting thing is that it is a four year development. The
young worm hatches out, lives four seasons, and then turns into a
bettle which crawls around for a while. Birds get a few, but not
many. Then it goes back and lays eggs, and comes back another
That is one of the things we have there that you do not have here.
It is known in Massachusetts that if not this year, within five years
we will have to spray every piece of bog we have at least once a year.
I sprayed for fire worm four times on one bog this year, and even at
that lost a lot of berries, besides the damage of dragging the hose
over the bog. This is just another one of the pests we must control.
As far as false blossom is concerned, I don't think you can point
out a piece of Howe vines in Massachusetts to-day that does not show
some false blossom. .It is everywhere. We have used quite a few

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