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Wisconsin State Cranberry Growers Association / Wisconsin State Cranberry Growers' Association. Fourteenth annual meeting, Grand Rapids, Wis., January 8th, 1901

The blossom bud,   pp. 12-18 PDF (1.3 MB)

Page 13

it from the bud at the end of the stem, which is called the
terminal bud. It is this terminal bud, in the cranberry,
that will bring forth the future blossom.
The terminal bud on the runner rarely produces a
blossom, while the terminal bud on what is known as the
upright usually produces blossoms. But in some seasons
and on some marshes the terminal buds on the uprights
produce few or no blossoms, while in other seasons, the
same vines will not only show blossoms on every upright,
but on many of them as high as six or seven well-formed
"hooks;" and in a very favorable season a lateral bud lying
close to the terminal bud may produce blossoms. But this
very rarely happens, and it is the terminal bud on 1 he up-
right to which the grower must look for his fruit, and the
successful grower should watch and understand this bud
This bud must be regarded as a shortened stem. If
one conceive eight or ten joints of the upright so short-
ened, or pushed into one another as to bring the leaves
together into one whorl, and then conceive each leaf so
reduced in size as to become a scale, then the scales folded
together over the top of the terminal germ and sealed with
a light vegetable wax, he will have the correct notion of
this bud. When it unfolds, the stem will expand, and the
scales will appear distributed on this elongated stem just
as the leaves would have been distributed if the upright had
kept on expanding the previous year instead of stopping
to form the terminal bud.
Upon the new expanded stem that bears these scales
and in the axil of each scale will be found a very small
lateral bud that will grow out into a "hook" which bears
some resemblance to the head and neck of a crane, and
suggests the name of the fruit. At the end of this "hook"
will be found the blossom. These buds are in reality the
true blossom buds. Now, when were these tiny blossom
buds formed in the axil of the scales that formed the termi-
nal bud of the upright? and what are the conditions favor-
able to the development of these buds? If we knew when
they were formed, and the conditions favorable to their
formation, we might assist nature in their development.
The discussion of this subject was made a special order for
our annual meetings about eight years ago. But nothing,
so far, has been done by cranberry growers to answer this
inquiry. The practical grower may have some strong,
generalized suspicions or theories founded on a few assumed
facts that satisfy his mind on the subject, but the answer
will only be reached with certainty by a long-continued
series of observations conducted by the scientific observer.
Prof. Goff of the state university about two years ago
undertook to investigate the blossom buds in the cherry,
plum, apple and pear, and the facts he established will do
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