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Cranefield, Frederic (ed.) / Wisconsin horticulture
Vol. I (September 1910/August 1911)

Wisconsin horticulture, vol. 1, no. 3: November, 1910,   pp. [1]-16 PDF (7.5 MB)


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November 1910 
WISCONSIN HORTICULTURE 
visable to throw away the bulbs or 
to plant them out of doors and buy 
new ones for forcing the following 
season. If the bulbs are to be car- 
ried over, the leaves should be allowed 
to remain on the plants after the 
flowers are off.  Remove the flower 
stalks as soon   as the flowers are 
wilted, then set in the light in a 
temperature of about sixty to sixty- 
five degrees, and allow the plant to 
continue its growth until niatured. 
After the leaves have wilted of their 
own accord, they may be removed, 
thei1) bulb taken out alndl stored during 
the summer. 
   Waler Cuillire. Waiter culture does- 
not materially differ from soil cul- 
ture save in the mediltum   in which 
the plants are grown.      There arc 
various methods of water culture, the 
most commion being that ini which 
the bowl or hyacinth glass is used. 
The bowl is preferable for forcing 
narcissus as it 1s pojsihtle to grow a 
larger number, thereby getting a bet- 
ter effect.  Ilowever, with the Iya- 
einth a single bulb in a hyacinth 
glass is very satisfactory.   In the 
btowl culture take a sliallow howl pref- 
erably about three to four inlches 
deep. In the bottonm of this put one- 
half inch of granulated cliaretoal. rle 
purpose of the charcoal is to keep 
the water "sweet."   On this may be 
placed a shallow layer of one inch 
of gravel or sand, gravel being pref- 
irable.  The bunlbs are thel placed 
on this material and the dish filled 
with pebbles or coarse gravel. The 
iibject of this is to keep the plants 
upright. Put in sufficient water so 
that it just touches the bottomis of 
the bulbs.   The (fish  may then be 
set away anti carried flt samne is for 
soil culture. 'I'The ltime required for 
developing, otwever, will not be so 
great. Three-fourths of the failures 
in water vultulre of narcissus and 
hyacinths is in trying to tarry the 
plants at too) high it tlnillerlatiri. 1)" 
not bring in the bulbs and place them 
in the warmest anl lrightest per- 
lions of the rooni. There should ibe 
plenty of light, hut the temperaturi' 
,hould be kept low, otherwise there 
,\ill be a very ,xei ssive vegetative 
'rowth and few blosso0iiS, very fr- 
tuently the buds Ilaisting and no 
blossoms being secured. 
   Kinds for Forcing. One of the 
 chief bulbs for forcing is the so- 
 called Chinese Sacred Lily. This is 
 an early flowering narcissus. It has 
 the largest bulb of the narcissus 
 group, and each bulb 1,oduces a 
 mumbler of flower stalks. It is well 
 adapted for either pot or water oul- 
 tutre. Probably the best white nar- 
 iissus is the Paper White.     These 
 two kinds usually give a sufficient 
 numLer of early flowers. Thcy can 
 then Ie followed by the Pseudo-nar- 
 .issus which are more often known 
 as dafftodils. Two variities of daffo- 
 dils which stand out ailuong the finest 
 titr forcing is the Von Sion which is 
 a large, deoille] yellow trumpet, and 
 the Etitperor which is a large-single 
 trmmpet. Of the cup (ldaffodils the 
 Iinonaiirabilis florilleina is ote of 
 the best. All of tuwse are adlapteud to 
 both plit and water culture. 
   Hy/tacinthsl. Stinie of  thie best 
 nained varieties for Ioth wtater and] 
 soil culture ari: white, Mount Blani 
 anlt( L. (Grandesse; pill], Lord Mate- 
 iumley. Von Schiller and Rohert Stei- 
 ger; liue, Clhrles P)ickens, Grand 
 Lillas and Mi iiosa. 
            FALL PLANTING 
      U'. ,J. 'IEIFE., FT..VI'TKINSOIN. 
   TI Ie iuiest io  h'as heen   asked 
sveral timmes whether it is advisable 
and plrofitahle to do fall planting. 
Shrubs and soitii of the small bush 
fruits such as currants anti goose- 
Ibirries Ilti very well when planted in 
the fall, tut they should be planted 
is soaii as it is possible to move them, 
which is usually soon after a good 
k ilhliig frost. This gives them timhe 
enough to send out little rootlets 
which   gather enough    moisture to 
supply the evaporation from tIn taops. 
Great care slihil lie tauikn to firii 
the flirt, well aroumnd the roits andt 
then imulch with well rotted stable 
lmianulre, using enough to ciover the 
'.Inituuud to a ithptlh of two ir three 
inclues. 
  The oiie great trouble iill haiting 
shade or fruit troes in the fall is 
that they   ii inot senid out, enough 
rootlets to g, til(e the anmutint of 
moisture ntiesitary to it lhanco the 
evalporat ion and  consitlently   the 
drain is so iwavy ant the trei that it 
does nit often start in the spring and 
if it does may die soon after start- 
ing. 
   Peonies and a great many other 
 perennials may be planted in the fall 
 but should be well protected through 
 the winter. 
   Strawberries can be planted with 
 success hut the question arises as to 
 whether it pays, as the nurserymen 
 charge twice as much for plants sent 
 in the fall. Strawberry beds nmust 
 lie planted one year before bearing 
 and beds planted in the spring and 
 given good care will make a good 
 solid bed of plants before the next 
 fall, therefore nothing is gained by 
 planting the year before. 
   The above was intendedl for the 
 October number but was lost in the 
 shuffle.                       En. 
      CREDIT LIST FOR OCTOBER 
   The following helped boost (huring 
 October. We hope to hear from the 
 remainuning 1,397 in November. 
   I[. F. Marsh, I; 
   R. S. Wright, 1; 
   Stanton E. Minor, 2: 
   ,T. M. Schauer, 32; 
   Pr. Cl(as. L. Pabehc,. 2; 
   Johin M. Kegel, 2; 
   I)r. C. W. Oviatt, 1; 
   Gee. Jorgensen, 1 
   Louis Nebel, 2; 
   M. S. Kellogg, I 
   N. A. Rasmussen, 1: 
   13. D. Merrell, 1; 
   IT. Reichard. 1; 
   F. Beck, 1. 
ASPHALTUM FOR CUTS MADE IN PRUNING 
   Prof. A. D. Selby, botanist at Ohio 
Experiment Station, in B3iulletin No. 
214, Diseases of Cultivated Plants, 
reeoiinends asphaltual ins a dressing 
for woiunds   tade in pruning. G(as 
tar is also reotutiinnded and either is 
said to ie bi(,ttir than ordinary lead 
paint. 
    LIME SULPHUR FOR PLANT LICE 
  A wriiir in tlhe Ru'ral NXew Yorker 
reports suites ini destroying Ila ek 
aphuis ln cherry trees i witli commer- 
vial linm-sulphur (1 to 50) controll- 
ing mihhldw at saine operation. TIs 
irichard ewisists of 550 Itriss. Whale 
oil, soap and toibacco extracts had 
been trield without sticeuss. 
  Looks its if limee-sulphur is a "blug- 
itlhe' its wiell as  at fuingicide. 
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