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Wisconsin farmer and northwestern cultivator
Vol. 4 (1852)

Wisconsin and Iowa farmer, and northwestern cultivator. Vol. IV, no. 12,   pp. [265]-280 ff. PDF (6.2 MB)


Page 267


267                NORTHWESTERN CULTIVATOR                           December,
                For the Wisconnsn & Iowa Farmer.  and retaining moisture,
by which the roots of
        Wheat, Clover and Oats.            the wheat are protected from much
of the evil
  FRIEND MILLER *-I noticed an article in effects of the protracted drouths
of the country.
some paper a few days since, recommending  When the wheat crop is removed,
the far-
the sowing of oats with fall wheat, which mer has a fine crop of feed for
his stock, or a
struck me as a good means of preventing the good lay to turn under, to enrich
his land
injuries to which fall wheat is exposed i this which, 4more than compensates
for his seed.
region. But I am induced to think that it is And if he desires to stock his
fields down, he
not the best means that can be adopted here. is more likely to do it well
by sowing the seed
  I believe clover sown in the fall with the in the fall than in the spring.
By sowing the
wheat, will answer every purpose for which seed in the fall, he follows nature.
He sows
oats are recommended. And further, it would in the fall in season for it
to take root. so as
prevent much of the injuries to which fall to withstand the dry weather of
the succeed-
wheat is exposed during the winter and in ing summer; whereas, when it is
sowed in the
the spring, which oats will not do. Oats are spring, it is often killed out
by drouth, so that
destroyed by the frost and therefore cannot he loses his seed and his labor.
Some ob-
counteract the effect of the frost in the ground ject to sowing grass seed
in the fall because
and prevent its heaving the wheat out; nor it will grow so as to embarrass
the grain; but
can it prevent the dry winds of the winter Ibelieve in this country, there
is little dan-
and spring from blowing the soil from the roots ger of this,-the seasons
generally, being dry-
of the wheat. as clover would do. The sur-er here than at the east, the clover
wil be re-
face soil in this State is very light, and whenarded in its growth, anu tne
wneai wm no; De
the ground is dry and cracked-which is apt injured by it here as at the east.
If vou deem
to be the case in this State-the wind has a these suggestions of any service,
you can put
tremendous action on the soil and carries away them into such form as you
please, and com-
from the stools of the wheat the best part of municate them to the public
through your
the soil-especially upon prairie lands and op-valuable paper. 1SL B. B.
                                         wet- Racine, Wis. Oct., 25th, 1852.
enings, and the roots are left exposed to weath-
er as well as stripped of nourishment-  Clover          For the Wisconsin
& Iowa Fanner.
sowed with wheat would, in a great measure,  Fond du Lac, Wis., Oct.n i852.
prevent this; because it would cover and pro-
tect the roots of the wheat if stripped of the  Mr. MILLER.-I will give a
brief sketch ol
soil, while they could recover a new hold upon my mode of smoking hams, /nd
preserving
the earth by sending out new roots. And them through the the summer in a
fine state
when the dry season comes on, the clover will free from flies, mice, dirt,
and every other be
tend to keep the earth moist beneath it, where- setment to which they are
exposed; and o
by, the wheat will be less injured by drouth. which so many seriously /omplain,
and hav4
  Clover sends its roots deep into the earth so long sought a remedy/in vain.
I use th4
and draws its principal nourishment from the taper tub,(for I pack in io
other) 2j feet high
sub-soil. Wheat requires a light, well pul- 20 inch bottom, 16 inch top,
makes a ver]
verized soil to grow in. In dry weather a fair size. Some five days previous
to killin;
constant evaporation is going on from  the my hogs, I take an iron kettle
that will ho;
ground, and when the surface is covered by about a pail ful-fill it one third
full of fiv
herbage that is near it, this evaporation is re- hard wood coals, upon which
I lay clean cob
tarded, condensed, and retained by the herb- filling another third,-set them
in the ope
age, as well as the rays of the sun are by it air a few moments, until they
are near blaM
prevented from acting upon the earth to a con- ing-then turn the tub bottom
end up ova
siderable extent. Young clover will have this the kettle, and mnake it tight
on the groun
effect upon the ground-retarding evaporation around the top, with dry dirt,
sh., or snow
r
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Decemnber,
NORTHWESTERN CULTIVATOR.
267
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