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Wisconsin farmer and northwestern cultivator
Vol. 4 (1852)

Wisconsin and Iowa farmer, and northwestern cultivator. Vol. IV, no. 8,   pp. [169]-192 PDF (9.2 MB)


Page 179


I5CULTIVATOR                          179
"The rust or mildew on wheat is caused by
a light drought and a sudden rain, and the sun
coming out hot immediately after, without
rind, when the berry is two thtrds-full, when
t gives the wheat such an impetus, that it
plits the stalk of the grain, which causes the
ap to ooze out, and finally stops the growth
of the berry. After this takes place, any per-
,on will notice that the spots on the stalk are
ill lengthwise of the stalk and by taking a
sharp knife, he will find that the stalk is split
Open  Now the grain muatbe about two-
    thifullto have this takepace, and at no
other stage of its growth
  We believe that manuring with new, unrot-
ted manure will increase the evil, because it
begins to work when the grain needs it the
least, in the hot, sultry weather of July and
August. It is sure for a good crop of wheat,
to well dress the land the year previous, or
dress that spring with old, well rotted manure
and sow as soon as the land will admit, if poe-
sible, to avoid all the dog day weather we can.
I have known forward pieces to yield a first
rate crop, and others on an adjoining farm,
which were sown later, to be worthless, on
the same kiad of soil, with equally good treat-
ment.
  The red bearded Black Sea wheat is more
hardy against the rust or straw split than
mest other varieties, and ripens some days
earlier. I obtained more bushels of wheat on
the same kind of land last year, than I did of
barley from the same amount of seed, though
quite alight crop. This, Mr. Editor, is my
humble opinion, after fifteen years of close ob-
servation on the subect. A shght rain is
highly dangerous to a crop of wheat, after il
begins to turn for ripening.",,_ __
TUe usft Of Yaint.
  It 's not an uncommon thing for soma
paints, especially when exposed to the atinos
lhere, to rub off like whitewash, after thej
have been put on for about six or eight months
We have Mown white paint to do this, al
though the oil and white lead were said tobi
good. In respect to white paints which i
most extensively used, there are three thing
which may be the cause of its inferiority an,
rubbing ok These are bad oil bad lead, ani
too much turpentie. The best linseed 0
only should be used, au4d it should be boiled
but not too long nor at too great a heat. Lit
seed oil is frequently adullteated with sun
flower oil, which is very inferior to that c
linseed
   Eeme white lead is sold which is very ia
+rA toohers but painters know not how t
judge between the good and bad. Theist
an be easily ascertained by painters from-the
uantity of al required to give it proper con-
istency. In mixing paints, there should be
no turpentine at all used for ouside work ( at
most, the smallest possible quaity ) because
he turpentine makes a soap of the oil, conse-
quently, it soon will rub off or be washed a-
way by storms, &c. The only benefit of-boil-
ng linsemi  oil is to drive awvay its moisture
and amaronia, so that the gluten of theeoil will
orm a beautiful skin of varnish, when dry, to
protect the lead from the effects of the atmos-
phere, while turpentine forms a good varnish
with resins Bd gums, its combination with
Ai is altogether different, forming a soap,
hence those who know not this fact, and use
too much turpentine with their paints for out-
ide work, may expect to see it disappear be-
ore it is very old. The best way to put on
white lead for outside work, is to commence
with a very thin coat and let it dry perfectly.
It is better to put on four thin coats, one af-
ter another, than two thick ones. The labor,
to be sure, is more expensive, but those who
buy their own paint, and use it in the country,
will find out that it will be a saving in the
end.                   Scientific American.
  To PROTECT SHEEP FROM DOGs. The gen-
eral evil of dogs, which I see is at present,
claiming the most stringent legislation in our
Northern States to protect the sheeo, likewise
exists with us. Our own legislature has done
much, and will do more no doubt, at the
proper time to eradicate the evil. In the
mean time, let me publish to the sheep raising
world a remedy against the destruction by
dogs, which w~as given to me by a highly Be-
spectable and valued friend, himself an exten-
sive wool grower. It consists simply mn plac-
ing on one sheep in every ten of the flock a bell
of the usual size for sheep. The reasoning ol
my friend is this: the instinct of the dog
prompts him to do all his acts in a sly stealthy
manner; his attacks upon sheep are mot fre-
quently made at night while they are at rest~
and the sudden and simultaneous jingling ol
all the bells, strikes terror to the dogs; they
turn tails and leave the sheep, fearing the noiet
of the bells will lead to their exposure. The
ratio of bells might be made to vary according
to the size of the flock.
                        Richmond Whog.
   POPULATION OF BA.LToML.-BDatmoug
contains a population, according to the new
census, of 169,812. Of the whole number
only 3,134 are slaves. In 1840, th, numbe:
of slaves was 3,199.
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WORTHWEKMR]
1852.
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