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Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Thirty-first annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Fond du Lac, Wis., February 11, 12 and 13, 1903. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays and discussions relating to the dairy interests
(1903)

Reitbrock, Fred
Dairy possibilities in northern Wisconsin,   pp. 158-168 PDF (2.6 MB)


Page 159

 
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Wiacosain Dairymen) Asnocation.           159 
but litle understood by then, and in order to form an. idea as to 
its desirability for dairying it is necessary to some extent to study 
its location, its aceesnibility, character of soil, water and climate. 
This we will undertake to do as briefly as possible. 
Northern Wisconsin embraces practically one-half of the area 
of the state, or about 17,000,000 acres of land, and extends from 
east to west at its greatest width about 225 miles, and in its 
greatest extent from north to south about 160 miles. To the 
Ast of it is Lake Michigan; to the north of it Lake Superior; to 
the west of it the Mississippi and St. Croix rivers. 
In the northern border we have what is known as the Penokee 
ane, an elevated territory, extending east and west, the sum- 
mit of which is not more than 95 to 50 miles from Lake Su- 
perior. 
The whole territory south of this elevated range is an inclined 
plane sloping to the eastward, to the westward, but nainly to the 
southward. The surface of this plane inl most parts is gently 
rolling. 
There are numerous small lakes, especially in the north- 
eastern parts, and innumerable springs, creeks and rivers which 
discharge their waters into Lakes Miehigan and Superior but 
mainly into the Mlississippi river. 
The water in this territory is clear and in most places soft. 
Trout, bass, perch, muskallouge and other game fish abound in 
the lakes and rivers. 
The soil, acording to location, varies from a light sand to a 
heavy clay, but by far the largest-portion of this territory has a 
clay loam soil. It is safe to say that the soil of two-thirds of 
the whole territory is clay and that one-third of it is sandy. 
The sandy districts are mostly in the southwestern part of this 
territory in the lower valleys of the great rivers, as the Wiswon- 
sin, the Black and the Ohippewa, and thee sand valleys are so 
wide that they run into each other, makin,. as it wVn. a Randy 
belt, extending from Waunaca county west to the Mississippi 
river. 
There are also oonsiderable sand patches in the upper tribu- 
taries of the Wisconsin river. Then for about 50 niles in the 
course of that stream the sand valley is narrow, being not more 
a 
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