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Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Tenth annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Sheboygan, Wis., January 11-13, 1882. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays relating to the dairy interests
(1882)

Henry, W. A.
Dairy experiments at the experimental farm, Madison, Wis.,   pp. 43-60 PDF (3.3 MB)


Page 49

DAIIXY Exruxz¶sT4 
firt and second stomachs the food was so dry that upon squeezing 
a handful in the clenched hand but half a dozen drops of water 
could be forced out; but it will be remembered that the cow had 
not been watered that morning. The third stomach was distended 
until it had the outline of an ellipse, and measured eleven and 
fourteen inches at longer and shorter diameters. The contents 
ctowded in between the plates were quite dry, and no pressure of 
the hand could squeeze any moisture therefrom. The fourth stom- 
ach eontained a, small quantity of dark watery material, not much 
different but thinner than the excrement. The small intestine was 
filled in places with a mucous-like substance, unmixed with the 
natural contents of the intestine. At other places the contents 
were similar to those in the fourth stomach. In the large intestine 
the excrement was somewhat softer than natural and of the dark 
color before mentioned. In some places this intestine was entirely 
free from oither solid or liquid contents. The material in the fourth 
stomach and intestines showed very imperfect digestion. The 
lungs appeared all right. In no place except the small intestine 
could I detect much inflammation, though in this regard from lack 
of experienoe I may be in error. It seemed to me that the impaction 
of the third stomach was a consequence rather than a cause, and 
would not of itself have produced death so suddenly. 
The only other experiment I have learned of on this point is that 
by Prof. Gamgee, under direction of the Department of Agricul- 
ture at Washington.' 
In this experiment smut fed when wet produced no ill effects, 
and when fed dry at the rate of thirty-six ounces per day caused 
the cow to lose flesh. No other ill effects followed. I confess I 
was completely surprised at the sudden and fatal termination of 
our experiment. No case could be plainer than this, I think. It is 
too costly and cruel to be often repeated, but it seems to me to es- 
I II Bffects of Smut in Feed of Farm Animals," pp. 73-81. Diueam of
Catle .a Las Uad Sitat, Washington, 1871. 
Norx.- Since writing the above I have examined the contents of the large
intestine with a compound microscope, and Aind the spores very abundant,
and exactly in the ame condition as when fed as to size, color and general
appearance. I should judge that they were not in the least acted upon by
the digestive app atus. 
49 


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