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Early history of Ozaukee County, Wisconsin
(1965)

The great Indian scare,   pp. 5-12


Page 10

The Great Indian Scare
a scene near Brown Deer was described, "there was a string of galloping
horses drawing wagons so close that the heads of one tea almost touched the
rear of the wagon ahead. There were maimed horses and broken wagons."
An eyewitness account of what actually happened in "much-burned" Cedarburg
ts given in a diary which was written by the Rev. Robert G. Graetz, who was
pastor of Trinity Jutheran church in Cedarburg at that time. His granddaughter,
Mrs. Anne Graetz Marschner of Grosse Pointe Woods, Michigan has translated it
as follows: "We had just finished our evening meal on September 3, when a man
00me riding into town on horseback, shouting that thousands of Indians were
starting an uprising and had sworn to kill all the white settlers in Wisconsin.
The Indians were reported to be in Sheboygan, thirty miles away, burning houses
and murdering the inhabitants. It was believed that they could be in Cedarburg
by three in the morning. The rider was gn his way to Milwaukee to sumon the
aid of the soldiers stationed there.
"After he had left, the men of the town assembled for a conference. They
decided not to flee, but to collect all firearms and take up strategic positioni
in Cedarburg. Many of the women and children were sent to the mill for
grea1er protection.
"Betwern one and two in the morning, wagons filled with women and children
began to pass through Cedarburg. Men were on foot or on horseback. Some of
these people had come twenty-two miles, and they reported that the Indians had
bee4 only two miles frm their hbmes and were burning everything in their path-
way.
"At three in the morning, Teacher Kuehn and his family came to the parson-
age, I comforted thw omen and children with the words of the 124th Psalm.
By noon, everyone was more calm. They believed the report might be false, or,


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