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Northrop, E. B.; Chittenden, H. A., Jr. (ed.) / The Wisconsin lumberman, devoted to the lumbering interests of the northwest
(August, 1874)

Teak,   pp. 498-499 PDF (751.9 KB)


Page 499


The Wisconsin Lumberman.
ras, &c., receives about ten thousand
trees per. annum. These used for-
merly to be sent in the shape called
by Indian shipbuilders shuibn-z: e.
planks hewn out of the log with the
adze, but since the introduction of
saw-mills by European settlers a
more economical method of plank-
production is practised, and the
value of the timber in each tree is
enhanced by the improved machinery
employed in cutting it into serviceable
portions.
While Rangoon teak is greatly
used in Calcutta and Malras, on
account of the facility with which
Burmah absorbs British and Indian
cotton goods in exchange for this
specially valuable product of its up-
land forests, Malabar teak is the tim-
ber most extensively used in the
building-yards of Bombay. Malabar
teak is reckoned the best of all. It
is closest in fibre and heaviest in pro-
portion to its bulk; it contains the
greatest quantity of oil, and is the
most durable.  Instances are on
record of ships built of it having
undergone the wear and tear of
eighty years, and some even have
gone through a century of useful-
ness in the course of their history.
They may be regarded as practically
indestructible by ordinary use. From
its great solidity and consequent
heaviness, however, ships are seldom
wholly built of this timber. It is
seldom or never used for upper
works or spars. The keel, the tim-
bers, and such portions of the ship
as are under water are built of itand
the rest of ligete. timber.  In Cal-
cutta, again, the framework and
timbers are usually made of mature
timber, and the deck and planking
are made of teak.  Java  teak is
regarded as highly valuable for
planking. Shipswhich are entirely
built of teak are found to be clumsy
and unwieldy, though it is probable
that this arises rather from defects
in construction than in anything
really objectionable in the nature of
the timber itself, which seems to
have every quality of workableness
that a wood should have, at the same
time that other properties are highly
in its favor.
Teak is never found growing ill
low alluvial lands. It avoids any-
where that the tide can rise to or
reach. Its habitat is the high upland
beyond the influence of the sea.
That which grows on the high table-
lands of Sauthern India is most
highly esteemed. In the territory
of Martaban there are extensive
forests which are cut down by British
settlers, especially for exportation.
There is a teak-wood of Australia
(Enrdiandra glauca) which is a noble
tree, yielding a hard timber. The
duramen of it is dark in color, fine
and close in texture; it gives forth a
pleasing,powerful aromatic fragrance
is said to be very durable, and is
regarded as a very valuable timber.
Ithas attracted the attention of the
building trade.
It is of high importance that a
great commercial and manufacturing
nation should have access not only
to a large variety of woods appli-
cable to specific uses, but especially
that it should have abundant supplies
of the best of each in its own kind,
and for the purpose in which it is to
be employed. It is also of importance
that a knowledge of the localities and
the qualities and the specific uses of
different woods should be as largely
as possible-diffused among all who
are engaged in the timber trades.
These few notes may not communi-
cate much to experts, but they may
be useful and interesting to others;
and in the hope that they may be so
they have been penned.-Timber
Trades Journal, London.
Examine the "Lumbermen's Reg-
ister" at the end of this volume and
report additions or corrections to the
WiscoNsIN LumBERMAN PusLsSHM Co.
64 Oneida street, Milwaukee, Wis.
499t


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