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Whitbeck, R. H., 1871-1939 (Ray Hughes) / The geography and economic development of southeastern Wisconsin

Chapter IX. Walworth County,   pp. 212-228 PDF (4.3 MB)

Page 228

DAiRYING. This is now the dominant type of fain-mng in
the county, as it is in Wisconsin generally, for Wisconsin is
the foremost dairying state in the Union. Up to 1880 dairying
was a subordinate industry in Walworth County, which then
had only 14,700 dairy cows. In 1890 the number had risen to
26,000, in 1910 to 39,000, and in 1919 to 40,000 (Fig. 93).
Cheese-making has never been important, but butter-making
rose to great importance between 1900 and 1905. In the latter
year, the county had 52 creameries which made 5,000,000
pounds of butter. The number of creameries had declined
to 30 by 1910 and to 8 in 1920. At the same time the amount
of milk produced kept on increasing. A large amount is
shipped to Chicago for immediate use in that city, and an in-
/850  _   385
/860           4888
/870            9,743
1880                  14672
1890                               '( 7Z7
1- 900                                       32708
19/0                                                JS'47
/9/9                                                 39.7/4
Fig. 93-Diagrazn showing the increase in the number of cows in Walwortb
creasing amount is used by milk condensaries which have been
established at favorable collecting centers. In 1911 Walworth
County had six out of fifteen condensaries in the state. In
1920 there were 8 in the county; they were at Whitewater, Elk-
horn, Genoa Junction, Walworth, Sjharon, Delavan, Darien,
and East Troy.
The high prices received for milk in recent years have added
greatly to the prosperity of the county, and land values have
advanced to unheard-of prices, reaching $250 to $300 an acre
in some cases. The wealth of the county is between $2500 and
$3000 per capita, or an average of fully $12,000 for every
family. This is probably too low rather than too high.
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