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Anderson, A. C. (Alfred Conrad), 1887-, et al. / Soil survey of Manitowoc County, Wisconsin

Soils,   pp. 8-28 PDF (7.7 MB)

Page 13

rial is in places composed of residual reddish clay which has
iered in place from the rock.
is shallow soil is associated with typical Kewaunee silt loam.
xea of about 1 square mile lies halfway between Cato and
urs, and three other areas, in one of which is a stone quarry,
      Grimms. The shallowness of this soil interferes to some
t with its agricultural value and utilization, especially where
ock lies within a few inches of the surface.
                     KEWAUNEE LOAM
surface soil of Kewaunee loam to an average depth of 5
onsists of grayish-brown silty loam. Between depths of 5
inches the material is yellowish-brown loam which may con-
mall amount of gravel mixed with the soil material. This is
in to a depth of 30 inches by pinkish-red clay loam. Between
40 inches there is pinkish-red stiff clay loam, in places con-
some greensand and gray calcareous mottles. A      slightly
ir structure is noticeable in places, and in many places con-
e gravel and some rock fragments, mostly limestone, are
  This soil is somewhat variable, and both surface soil and
  are commonly lighter in texture than the description
ýs. The thickness of the loam covering over the red clay
,bsoil is also variable and in a few places, chiefly on knolls
r i
arface soil of Kewaunee fine sandy loam in a representative
xea consists of grayish-brown or brown fine sandy loam to
of 4 inches. The topmost inch or two of material is darker
deeper material, and in wooded areas some leaf mold may
Between depths of 4 and 7 inches the material is yellowish-
ine sandy loam containing less organic matter than the
ayer. On cultivation these two surface layers become mixed,
naterial has been washed off and the' red cfa_ exposed.
n a spotted appearance, which is less marked, however,
silt loam and silty clay loam soils of the Kewaunee
loam is much less extensive than either the silt loam
loam. It occurs mainly in patches from a few acres
acres in extent, in close association with the silty clay
range from    undulating to gently rolling. The sur-
are favorable for the use of modern farm machinery.
ace drainage is good, tile drains being needed in only
Ad draws and depressions.
is soil is in cultivated fields and is devoted to general
dairying. The areas are so small that but few farms
ntirely on this soil. The land is well suited to peas and
ut the acreage devoted to these crops is small.
excellent soil, fully as desirable as Kewaunee silt loam.
tively easy to work, retains moisture well, and responds
atment. It is well suited to alfalfa. Crop yields are
ne as on the silt loam.

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