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Stearns, Forest (ed.) / Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters
volume LXVI (1978)

Johnson, Wendel J.
Small mammals of the Toft Point scientific area, Door County, Wisconsin: a preliminary survey,   pp. 246-253 PDF (1.8 MB)

Page 247

 1978] Johnson—Small Mammals 247 
point for a load to take to Michigan. Remnants of this operation can still
be found, including dock pilings, rock piles, mine excavations and an old
smelter. Mr. Toft gradually accumulated 300 acres as compensation for his
 After mining ceased the family operated a resort with half a 
dozen small guest log cabins. The resort ceased operation in the 
1960s and in 1967 the land was given to the University of Wisconsin- 
Green Bay to be used in a manner compatable with the Wisconsin 
Scientific Area designation that it also received. 
The Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey map of Wisconsin early
vegetation codes the area northeast of Bailey's Harbor as boreal forest balsam
fir (Abies balsamea) and white spruce (Picea glauca). 
The Wisconsin Scientific Areas Preservation Council (1973) lists three major
plant communities for the Toft Point area: 
Northern dry-mesic forest with white pine (Pinus strobus), red maple (Acer
rubrum), and red oak (Quercus rubra), and 
Northern mesic forest with sugar maple (A. saccharum), hemlock (Tsuga candensis),
and yellow birch (Betula lutea) 
Northern wet-mesic forest with white cedar (Thuja occi dentalis), balsam
fir (Abies balsamea), and black ash (Fraxinus nigra). 
 This boreal outlier is far south of the only substantial boreal forest stands
in Wisconsin which lie along Lake Superior. Curtis (1959) indicates that
the influence of on-shore winds off Lake Michigan keep the summer temperatures
and evaporation rates relatively low. 
 A species list of the known flora of the Toft Point Area was compiled during
this study as a result of our observations and those made by David B. Lellinger
in 1957-59. Dr. Lellinger's collection is in the University of Illinois herbarium
in Urbana. An extensive list of plants has also been compiled by Roy Lukes
of the adjacent Ridges Sanctuary. 

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