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Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Fortieth annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Beloit, Wis., November, 1911. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays and discussions relating to the dairy interests

Rawl, B. H.
The work of the dairy division,   pp. 59-64 PDF (1.3 MB)

Page 60

0Fortieth Annual Report of the
farm will improve rapidly. It is proposed to keep an account of every-
thing that is not on and taken off of the ground, so as to determine the
possibilities of developing a wornout farm in this section.
Two concrete silos have been built and filled, and the dairy barn is
being built at present. A feed barn 40x100 feet is being built of con-
crete. Two wings for cattle are being built, one to be used as an
open shed, the other as an ordinary type of dairy barn. The plans
contemplate the complete equipment of this farm as an experimental
dairy farm. A small herd will be bought in the near future. This
farm will serve two very important purposes. First, it will en-
able the Division to take up further experimental work, not only in pro-
duction, but in the laboratories as well; and, second, by keeping all
of the Dairy Division's employees closely in touch with this farm, it
will tend to make the educational work better and safer.
Since the advancement of the dairy Industry depends to such a large
extent on production, it is to be believed that this farm is going to add
enormously to the usefulness of the Division.
The research work In connection with the manufacture of dairy
products consists of engineering problems, factory problems, and bac-
teriological and chemical studies.
Until recently the engineering work of the Dairy Division was re-
stricted largely to the preparation of plans of various dairy buildings.
This work has now been extended to include the study of various other
problems. For example, the saving that can be effected by the proper
utilization of exhaust steam for heating water, pasteurization, etc. A
study of refrigeration is being made. Much of the refrigeration that
is in use now, while reasonably effective, is very wasteful. The study
of the refrigeration of milk In transit Is being given special attention.
The whole question of energy requirements for dairy machinery has
been almost entirely ignored. There is not one manufacturer out of
ten, probably, who can tell how much energy Is required to operate his
machinery under given conditions. Many economics can doubtless be
affected in this line, and the Dairy Division hopes to be able to indicate
some of them.
The Dairy Division maintains laboratories, employing twenty-seven
men, for studying the scientific principles which underlie successful
dairy farming and dairy manufacture
I _11

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