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Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Thirty-first annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Fond du Lac, Wis., February 11, 12 and 13, 1903. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays and discussions relating to the dairy interests

Reitbrock, Fred
Dairy possibilities in northern Wisconsin,   pp. 158-168 PDF (2.6 MB)

Page 160

1°0 -nyfirs A"ane' RbPyH of Oa. 
than about 5 miles wide, with great stretces of territory, on 
either side, of rolling clay loam land, 
Throughout the moet part of northern Wisconsin the soil rests 
on rock bottom, the underlying rock being a fire rodk, of a granite 
nature, said to-be of the first incrustation of the earthL 
An abundance of water is found in this rock. lhe upper sur 
face of the rock for a distance of 4 to 6, and sometimes 10 feet, 
is very much broken. This upper surface is soft. There are 
innumerable depressions in this rock surfame an of which are 
filled with water. 
The overlying clay bed is generally frow 12 to 20 feet deep, 
so that it may be said the soil is in connection with the soil water 
without an intervening strata of sand or gravel, as is so common 
in southern Wisconsin and northern Illinois. 
In its primeval state the most part of northern Wisconsin was 
covered with a dense growth of tinker, the sandy territory being 
occupied by pine, and the clay loam territory nostly by what is 
called hardwood timeir, such as maple, barwood, elm, oak, 
birch, ash and butternut. 
Northern Wisconsin was first explored by the lumbermen,'who 
entered by way of the streams that were large enough to float 
logs and lumber. The timber thus obtained was mostly pine, 
cut from the sandy regions, in consequence whereof it was quite 
easy and natural for the impresion to go out that northern Wis- 
eonsin was a pinery, and its soil was only sand and unfit for agri- 
As the woodsmin penstraWed further. inland, and especially 
since the coming in of railroads, the true charcer of the coun- 
try has become more generaDy lknownL 
The climate of northern Wisconsin is not eenially different 
from that of southern Wisconsin. It has a little greater alti- 
tude, lies some northerly, but it also emtends more westerly. 
The lines of equal temperature run in Wisconsin about from the 
southeast to the northwest, and not east and west as some people 
might suppose. 
The climate is healthy, as is general in Wisonin. The peo- 
ple are strong, active and prcgressive, as people generally are in 
a Muntry that has a snug winter in its change of seasons. 

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