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Southern Wisconsin Cheesemakers' and Dairymen's Association / Proceedings of the twelfth annual meeting of the Southern Wisconsin Cheesemakers' and Diarymen's Association held at Monroe, Wisconsin, Thursday and Friday, February 1 and 2, 1912

Emery, J. Q.
Calf paths,   pp. 90-102 PDF (2.8 MB)

Page 94

Twelfth Annual Convention.
cheese in Wisconsin, that the amount for the year
1911 must be considerably in excess of the figures
that I have quoted.
In the absence of a picture sufficiently large to
to your view, allow me to present a word picture of
a barn and accompanying conditions altogether too
frequent among patrons of the cheese factories of
this state: A building contains not a single window
and consequently is without light; the ceiling is
festooned with dusty cob webs; the floor is the
earth with no covering is not cleanable and contains
sags in which liquid manure stands continually; or,
it may be a saturated, leaky plank floor, hiding a big
mass of filth underneath, or literally floating in li-
quid manure which spirts up as one walks across.
There are accumulations of manure over the floor
and in the stalls and the latter are so arranged that
cows are compelled to lie in dung, thick coats of
which they carry all the winter. There are no pro-
visions for ventilation and hence the air is so
charged with impurities and strong odors as to be
stifling. Cows are compelled to breath this air and
milk on its ways from the udder to the pail travels
through this vile air which adheres to the streams
of milk and is carried beneath the surface of the
milk in the pail and rises in minute bubbles. The
milker sits between two cows, with dung beneath
him, behind him, in front of him and manipulates a
filthy surface above an uncovered milk pail.
The dairyman that tolerates conditions as above
pictured has not obliterated the "calf paths of his
mind"; but is following in a "beaten track", and
still "a devious course pursues."
Let us contrast that sketch of conditions with the
following: On two or more sides of the barn, a
sufficient number of large windows to admit light
have been inserted; the ceiling and walls are white-
washed; here is a good floor of cement or other
suitable material containing gutters for manure; the-

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