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McLeod, Donald / History of Wiskonsan, from its first discovery to the present period, including a geological and topographical description of the territory with a correct catalogue of all its plants
(1846)

Chapter XVI,   pp. 275-297 PDF (3.8 MB)


Page 276


'HISTORY OP WISKONSAN.
is almost one hundred yards wide where it empties into
the Mississippi, on the right bank of which there is a
perpendicular ledge of sand rock, eight or ten feet
high. A few hundred yards above its junction with
the Mississippi the river expands into a lake, thirty-six
miles long and between three and four miles wide,
known as the lower St. Croix lake. At the falls, a few
miles north and west of the lake, green stone rocks are
found, having a columnar structure, resembling the
famous Giants Causeway in Ireland. Above this point
the river is frequently interrupted with rapids and
falls. The descent of the river, from its source to the
Mississippi, is seven hundred feet. That part of the
river called the lower St. Croix lake, presents a series
of picturesque scenery, which keeps the eye continu-
ally on the stretch. Its banks are bold and high.
The country, as far as the eye can reach, consists of
upland prairie, studded with groves and majestic em-
inences. The waters of this lake are uncommonly
clear and transparent. "We glided," says Mr. School-
craft, "over its silvery surface, point after point, with
that inexpressible pleasure, which so rare and unex-
pected a succession of enchanting novelties impart.
This lake is rendered memorable as the scene of a
bloody battle between the brave and warlike Chippe-
was and Sioux.
  Chippewa river is another large branch of the Mis-
sissippi. It runs near lake Vieux Desert, and running
in a southwesterly direction, enters the Mississippi at
the foot of lake Pepin. It is five hundred yards wide
at its confluence with the Mississippi, and navigable
for canoes one hundred and fifty miles. It has numer-
27a


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